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Kou Murayama
University of Reading
Developmental psychologyPsychologyCognitionCognitive psychologySocial psychology
119Publications
28H-index
3,803Citations
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Publications 129
Newest
#1Johnny King L Lau (University of Reading)H-Index: 2
#2Hiroki Ozono (Kadai: Kagoshima University)H-Index: 4
Last. Kou Murayama (Kochi University of Technology)H-Index: 28
view all 5 authors...
Curiosity is often portrayed as a desirable feature of human faculty. However, curiosity may come at a cost that sometimes puts people in harmful situations. Here, using a set of behavioural and neuroimaging experiments with stimuli that strongly trigger curiosity (for example, magic tricks), we examine the psychological and neural mechanisms underlying the motivational effect of curiosity. We consistently demonstrate that across different samples, people are indeed willing to gamble, subjecting...
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#1Carolyn Beth McNabb (University of Reading)H-Index: 4
#2Michael Lindner (University of Reading)H-Index: 21
Last. Tom Johnstone (Swinburne University of Technology)H-Index: 40
view all 6 authors...
Simultaneous multi-slice (SMS) imaging is a popular technique for increasing acquisition speed in echo-planar imaging (EPI) fMRI. However, SMS data are prone to motion sensitivity and slice leakage artefacts, which spread signal between simultaneously acquired slices. Relevant to motion sensitivity, artefacts from moving anatomic structures propagate along the phase-encoding (PE) direction. This is particularly relevant for eye movement. As signal from the eye is acquired along with signal from ...
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#1Johnny King L Lau (University of Reading)H-Index: 2
#2Hiroki Ozono (Kadai: Kagoshima University)H-Index: 4
Last. Kou Murayama (University of Reading)H-Index: 28
view all 5 authors...
Curiosity is often portrayed as a desirable feature of human faculty. For example, a meta-analysis revealed that curiosity predicts academic performance above and beyond intelligence, corroborating findings that curiosity supported long-term consolidation of learning. However, curiosity may come at a cost of strong seductive power that sometimes puts people in a harmful situation. Here, with a set of three behavioural and two neuroimaging experiments including novel stimuli that strongly trigger...
3 CitationsSource
Expectancy-value theory (EVT) is a popular framework to understand and improve students’ motivation. Unfortunately, limited research has verified whether EVT predictions generalize to students with low levels of cognitive ability. This study relies on Grade 5 and 8 data from 177 students with low levels of cognitive ability and a matched sample of 177 students with average to high cognitive ability from the German ‘Project for the Analysis of Learning and Achievement in Mathematics’. Results sho...
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#1Kazuhiro Ohtani (Hokkaido University)H-Index: 2
#2Kou Murayama (University of Reading)H-Index: 28
Last. Ayumi Tanaka (Dodai: Doshisha University)H-Index: 3
view all 8 authors...
Adolescents’ depressive symptoms are affected by a number of factors including life stress, gender, socio-economic status, and parental depression symptoms. However, little is known about whether adolescent depressive symptoms are also affected by parental motivational characteristics. The current study explores the relationship between parental motivational perseverance (i.e., parents’ persistency in the face of setbacks and difficulties) and children’s depressive symptoms during the adolescenc...
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#1Juko AndoH-Index: 21
#2Keiko K. FujisawaH-Index: 7
Last. Kou MurayamaH-Index: 28
view all 21 authors...
The Keio Twin Research Center (KoTReC) was established in 2009 at Keio University to combine two longitudinal cohort projects — the Keio Twin Study (KTS) for adolescence and adulthood and the Tokyo Twin Cohort Project (ToTCoP) for infancy and childhood. KoTReC also conducted a two-time panel study of self-control and psychopathology in twin adolescence in 2012 and 2013 and three independent anonymous cross-sectional twin surveys (ToTcross) before 2012 — the ToTCross, the Junior and Senior High S...
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#1Elisabeth Vogl (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)H-Index: 3
#2Reinhard Pekrun (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)H-Index: 57
Last. Sandra Schubert (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)
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Research has started to acknowledge the importance of emotions for complex learning and cognitive performance. However, research on epistemic emotions has only recently become more prominent. Research in educational psychology in particular has mostly focused on examining achievement emotions instead of epistemic emotions. Furthermore, only few studies have addressed functional mechanisms underlying multiple different epistemic emotions simultaneously, and only one study has systematically compa...
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#1Kou Murayama (University of Reading)H-Index: 28
#2Michiko Sakaki (University of Reading)H-Index: 15
Last. Kenji Matsumoto (Tamagawa University)H-Index: 13
view all 8 authors...
Economic and decision-making theories suppose that people would disengage from an extremely difficult task, because such a task does not implicate any normative utility values (i.e. success probability is almost zero). However, humans are often motivated for an extremely challenging task with little chance of success, even without any extrinsic incentives. The current study aimed to address the neural mechanisms underlying the challenge-based motivation for a near impossible task, and how this m...
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#1Carolyn Beth McNabb (University of Reading)H-Index: 4
#2Laura Grace Burgess (University of Reading)
Last. Kou Murayama (Kochi University of Technology)H-Index: 28
view all 7 authors...
Previous research suggests that the proximity of individuals in a social network predicts how similarly their brains respond to naturalistic stimuli. However, the relationship between social connectedness and brain connectivity in the absence of external stimuli has not been examined. To investigate whether neural homophily between friends exists at rest we collected resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data from 68 school-aged girls, along with social network information f...
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#1Satoshi UsamiH-Index: 9
#2Naoya TodoH-Index: 2
Last. Kou MurayamaH-Index: 28
view all 3 authors...
Longitudinal designs provide a strong inferential basis for uncovering reciprocal effects or causality between variables. For this analytic purpose, a cross-lagged panel model (CLPM) has been widely used in medical research, but the use of the CLPM has recently been criticized in methodological literature because parameter estimates in the CLPM conflate between-person and within-person processes. The aim of this study is to present some alternative models of the CLPM that can be used to examine ...
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