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Kou Murayama
University of Reading
115Publications
26H-index
3,303Citations
Publications 115
Newest
#1Satoshi Usami (UTokyo: University of Tokyo)H-Index: 8
#2Kou Murayama (University of Reading)H-Index: 26
Last.Ellen L. Hamaker (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 19
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Inferring reciprocal effects or causality between variables is a central aim of behavioral and psychological research. To address reciprocal effects, a variety of longitudinal models that include cross-lagged relations have been proposed in different contexts and disciplines. However, the relations between these cross-lagged models have not been systematically discussed in the literature. This lack of insight makes it difficult for researchers to select an appropriate model when analyzing longit...
#1Carolyn McNabb (University of Reading)H-Index: 3
#2Laura G. Burgess (University of Reading)
Last.Kou Murayama (University of Reading)H-Index: 26
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Previous research suggests that the proximity of individuals in a social network predicts how similarly their brains respond to naturalistic stimuli. However, the relationship between social connectedness and brain connectivity in the absence of external stimuli has not been examined. To investigate whether neural homophily between friends exists at rest we collected resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data from 68 school-aged girls, along with social network information f...
#1Kazuhiro Ohtani (Hokkaido University)H-Index: 2
#2Kou Murayama (University of Reading)H-Index: 26
Last.Ayumi Tanaka (Dodai: Doshisha University)H-Index: 3
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Adolescents’ depressive symptoms are affected by a number of factors including life stress, gender, socio-economic status, and parental depression symptoms. However, little is known about whether adolescent depressive symptoms are also affected by parental motivational characteristics. The current study explores the relationship between parental motivational perseverance (i.e., parents’ persistency in the face of setbacks and difficulties) and children’s depressive symptoms during the adolescenc...
#1Jennifer L. Hudson (Macquarie University)H-Index: 37
#2Kou Murayama (Kochi University of Technology)H-Index: 26
Last.Helen F. Dodd (University of Reading)H-Index: 12
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This longitudinal study examined a multitude of early childhood predictors of anxiety symptoms and disorders over an 8-year period. The purpose of the study was to identify early life predictors of anxiety across childhood and early adolescence in a sample of at-risk children. The sample included 202 preschool children initially identified as behaviorally inhibited or uninhibited between the ages of 3 years 2 months and 4 years 5 months. Temperament and familial environment variables were assess...
#1Reinhard Pekrun (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)H-Index: 54
#2Kou Murayama (University of Reading)H-Index: 26
Last.Anne C. Frenzel (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)H-Index: 23
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A theoretical model linking achievement and emotions is proposed. The model posits that individual achievement promotes positive achievement emotions and reduces negative achievement emotions. In contrast, group-level achievement is thought to reduce individuals’ positive emotions and increase their negative emotions. The model was tested using one cross-sectional and two longitudinal datasets on 5th to 10th grade students’ achievement emotions in mathematics (Studies 1–3: Ns = 1,610, 1,759, and...
#1Shogo Kajimura (Kyoto Institute of Technology)
#2Naoki Masuda (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 31
Last.Kou Murayama (University of Reading)H-Index: 26
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Research has shown that mindfulness meditation not only improves our cognitive and motivational functioning (e.g., attention, mental health), it influences the way how our brain networks [e.g., default mode network (DMN), front-parietal network (FPN), and sensory-motor network (SMN)] function and operate. However, surprisingly little attention has been paid to the possibility that mindfulness meditation alters the structure (composition) of these functional brain networks. Here, using a single-c...
#1Elisabeth VoglH-Index: 3
#2Reinhard PekrunH-Index: 54
Last.Kristina LodererH-Index: 2
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Some epistemic emotions, such as surprise and curiosity, have attracted increasing scientific attention, whereas others, such as confusion, have yet to receive the attention they deserve. In addition, little is known about the interrelations of these emotions, their joint antecedents and outcomes, and how they differ from other emotions prompted during learning and knowledge generation (e.g., achievement emotions). In three studies (Ns = 102, 373, 125) using a trivia task with immediate feedback...
Previous research on the self-conscious achievement emotion pride introduces the Achievement Pride Scales (APS) that illustrate the relation of self-based pride and social comparison-based pride with frames of reference, achievement goals, and achievement values. The present study (N = 354) extends those results with regard to explicit achievement, affiliation, and power motives, as well as performance. Results show that self-based pride is related to self-approach goals, individual achievement ...
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