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Norbert Schwarz
University of Southern California
484Publications
96H-index
46.6kCitations
Publications 491
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Abstract In language, people often refer to decision difficulty in terms of spatial distance. Specifically, decision-difficulty is expressed as proximity, for instance when people say that a decision was “too close to call”. Although these expressions are metaphorical, we argue, in line with research on conceptual metaphor theory, that they reflect how people think about difficult decisions. Thus, here we examine whether close spatial distance can actually make decision-making harder. In six exp...
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Abstract Ease of processing—cognitive fluency—is a central input in assessments of truth, but little is known about individual differences in susceptibility to fluency-based biases in truth assessment. Focusing on two paradigms—truthiness and the illusory truth effect—we consider the role of Need for Cognition (NFC), an individual difference variable capturing one’s preference for elaborative thought. Across five experiments, we replicated basic truthiness and illusory truth effects. We found ve...
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ABSTRACTBellicose metaphors for cancer are ubiquitous. But are they good metaphors for health communicators to use? Because metaphors can guide reasoning about abstract concepts, framing cancer wit...
1 CitationsSource
#1David B. Newman (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 4
#2Norbert Schwarz (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 96
Last.Arthur A. Stone (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 77
view all 4 authors...
Conservatives report greater life satisfaction than liberals, but this relationship is relatively weak. To date, the evidence is limited to a narrow set of well-being measures that ask participants for a single assessment of their life in general. We address this shortcoming by examining the relationship between political orientation and well-being using measures of life satisfaction, affect, and meaning and purpose in life. Participants completed well-being measures after reflecting on their wh...
3 CitationsSource
#1Norbert SchwarzH-Index: 96
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#1Norbert SchwarzH-Index: 96
#2Spike W. S. LeeH-Index: 13
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#1Ryan Hauser (Yale University)
#2Norbert Schwarz (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 96
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#1David B. Newman (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 4
#2Matthew E. Sachs (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 6
Last.Norbert Schwarz (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 96
view all 4 authors...
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#1Sunghee Lee (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 14
#2Florian Keusch (UMA: University of Mannheim)H-Index: 9
Last.Z. Tuba Suzer-Gurtekin (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 2
view all 5 authors...
This chapter provides a theoretical background on probabilistic reasoning and discusses the state‐of‐the‐art application of subjective probability questions in surveys around the world. It describes measurement mechanisms for subjective probability questions with a special focus on the influence of cultural orientations pertinent to response patterns in these questions from the cross‐cultural psychology literature. Probabilistic expectation questions, especially the questions on subjective life ...
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