Bernard Wood
George Washington University
AnatomyPaleontologyHuman evolutionBiologyZoology
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Publications 344
#1Katharine L. Balolia (ANU: Australian National University)H-Index: 3
#1Katharine L. Balolia (ANU: Australian National University)
Last. Bernard Wood (GW: George Washington University)H-Index: 58
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OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to understand whether the shape of three sub-regions of the mandibular corpus (the alveolar arch, corpus at M1 and posterior symphysis) are useful for making taxonomic assessments at the genus and species levels in extant hominids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We use data taken from 3D surface scans of the mandibular corpus of seven extant hominid taxa: Gorilla gorilla gorilla, Gorilla beringei graueri, Homo sapiens, Pan paniscus, Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii, Po...
#1Alan BilsboroughH-Index: 3
#2Bernard WoodH-Index: 58
#1Andrew DuH-Index: 8
#2Bernard WoodH-Index: 58
#1Bernard Wood (GW: George Washington University)H-Index: 58
In 1698, a creature with a perplexing mix of human and "ape" features died in London. Brought back to England by merchants who had acquired it during a trading mission to West Africa, it attracted the attention of the Royal Society, and after the death of what we now know was a juvenile chimpanzee, Edward Tyson, a distinguished physician/anatomist, was commissioned to undertake its dissection. Tyson, who was assisted by William Cowper, prepared a detailed written and graphic description of their...
#1Andrew Du (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 8
#2John Rowan (UMass: University of Massachusetts Amherst)H-Index: 7
Last. Zeresenay Alemseged (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 22
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Abstract Reliable estimates of when hominin taxa originated and went extinct are central to addressing many paleoanthropological questions, including those relating to macroevolutionary patterns. The timing of hominin temporal ranges can be used to test chronological predictions generated from phylogenetic hypotheses. For example, hypotheses of phyletic ancestor–descendant relationships, based on morphological data, predict no temporal range overlap between the two taxa. However, a fossil taxon'...
1 CitationsSource
#1David B. Patterson (GW: George Washington University)H-Index: 10
#2David R. Braun (GW: George Washington University)H-Index: 26
Last. René Bobe (University of Oxford)H-Index: 21
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It has been suggested that a shift in diet is one of the key adaptations that distinguishes the genus Homo from earlier hominins, but recent stable isotopic analyses of fossils attributed to Homo in the Turkana Basin show an increase in the consumption of C4 resources circa 1.65 million years ago, significantly after the earliest evidence for Homo in the eastern African fossil record. These data are consistent with ingesting more C4 plants, more animal tissues of C4 herbivores, or both, but it i...
1 CitationsSource
#1Rodrigo S. Lacruz (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 24
#2Chris Stringer (Natural History Museum)H-Index: 68
Last. Juan Luis Arsuaga (Complutense University of Madrid)H-Index: 58
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The face is the most distinctive feature used to identify others. Modern humans have a short, retracted face beneath a large globular braincase that is distinctively different from that of our closest living relatives. The face is a skeletal complex formed by 14 individual bones that houses parts of the digestive, respiratory, visual and olfactory systems. A key to understanding the origin and evolution of the human face is analysis of the faces of extinct taxa in the hominin clade over the last...
2 CitationsSource
#2Andrew DuH-Index: 8
Last. Bernard WoodH-Index: 58
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Bernard Wood explores a claim that our nearest cousins were our cognitive equals — and that birds had a part to play in that. Bernard Wood explores a claim that our nearest cousins were our cognitive equals — and that birds had a part to play in that.
#1Bernard Wood (GW: George Washington University)H-Index: 58