Charles J. Tanner
East Carolina University
EndocrinologyInsulin resistanceInsulinDiabetes mellitusMedicine
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Publications 61
#1Terry E. Jones (ECU: East Carolina University)H-Index: 14
#2J PoriesWalter (ECU: East Carolina University)H-Index: 59
Last. G. Lynis Dohm (ECU: East Carolina University)H-Index: 42
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Abstract Background Fasting lactate is elevated in metabolic diseases and could possibly be predictive of the risk of developing the metabolic syndrome. Methods Plasma samples were analyzed for fasting lactate to compare lean subjects, nondiabetic subjects with severe obesity, and metabolically impaired subjects. Subjects with severe obesity were studied 1 week before and 1 week to 9 months after gastric bypass surgery. Subjects with components of the metabolic syndrome were studied before and a...
#1Sanghee Park (ECU: East Carolina University)H-Index: 5
#2Kristen Turner (ECU: East Carolina University)H-Index: 2
Last. Joseph A. Houmard (ECU: East Carolina University)H-Index: 58
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2 CitationsSource
#1Lynis DohmH-Index: 5
#2Cris A. SlentzH-Index: 36
Last. E William
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#1Paul M. CoenH-Index: 23
#2Elizabeth V. Menshikova (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 15
Last. Bret H. Goodpaster (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 81
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Both Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery and exercise can improve insulin sensitivity in individuals with severe obesity. However, the impact of RYGB with or without exercise on skeletal muscle mitochondria, intramyocellular lipids, and insulin sensitivity index (SI) is unknown. We conducted a randomized exercise trial in patients (n = 101) who underwent RYGB surgery and completed either a 6-month moderate exercise (EX) or a health education control (CON) intervention. SI was determined by i...
64 CitationsSource
#1Ronald N. Cortright (ECU: East Carolina University)H-Index: 22
#2Heidi L. Lujan (WSU: Wayne State University)H-Index: 19
Last. Stephen E. DiCarlo (WSU: Wayne State University)H-Index: 29
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We hypothesized that the intellectual development of students, i.e., their beliefs about the nature of knowledge and learning, affects their intrinsic motivation and class performance. Specifically, we hypothesized that students with low intellectual development (i.e., the naive beliefs that knowledge is simple, absolute, and certain) have low intrinsic motivation and low class performance, whereas students with high intellectual development (i.e., more sophisticated beliefs that knowledge is co...
5 CitationsSource
#1Hiba AbouAssi (Duke University)H-Index: 5
#2Cris A. Slentz (Duke University)H-Index: 36
Last. William E. Kraus (Duke University)H-Index: 79
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Most health organizations recommend a combination of aerobic training (AT) and resistance training (RT), yet few studies have compared their acute (within 24 h of the last exercise bout) and sustained (after 14 days of no exercise training) effects alone and in combination on glucose metabolism. The present study (Studies Targeting Risk Reduction Interventions through Defined Exercise-Aerobic Training and/or Resistance Training) compared the effects of AT, RT, and the combination (AT/RT) on insu...
27 CitationsSource
BACKGROUND. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery causes profound weight loss and improves insulin sensitivity (SI) in obese patients. Regular exercise can also improve SI in obese individuals; however, it is unknown whether exercise and RYGB surgery–induced weight loss would additively improve SI and other cardiometabolic factors. METHODS. We conducted a single-blind, prospective, randomized trial with 128 men and women who recently underwent RYGB surgery (within 1–3 months). Participants wer...
44 CitationsSource
#1Polly A. HansenH-Index: 31
#2Lorraine A. NolteH-Index: 25
Last. Jennifer S. McCartneyH-Index: 9
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#1G Carlson MichaelH-Index: 14
#2John A. FaulknerH-Index: 60
Last. Christopher L. MendiasH-Index: 25
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