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Xiaolin Zhou
Peking University
185Publications
31H-index
3,557Citations
Publications 189
Newest
Abstract Maintaining the ability to arrange thoughts and actions in an appropriate serial order is crucial for complex behavior. We aimed to investigate age differences in the fronto-striato-parietal network underlying serial ordering using functional magnetic resonance imaging. We exposed 25 young and 27 older healthy adults to a digit ordering task where they had to reorder and recall sequential digits or simply to recall them. We detected a network comprising of the lateral and medial prefron...
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#1Guanlan Kang (PKU: Peking University)H-Index: 3
#2Wenshuo Chang (PKU: Peking University)H-Index: 1
Last.Xiaolin ZhouH-Index: 31
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Abstract Although mounting evidence has shown that reward can improve conflict control in the visual domain, little is known about whether and how reward affects conflict processing in the auditory domain. In the present study, we adopted an auditory Stroop task in which the meaning of a sound word (‘male’ or ‘female’) could be either congruent or incongruent with the gender of the voice (male or female speaker), and the participants were asked to discriminate the gender of the voice (the phonet...
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#1Wenfeng Zhu (SWU: Southwest University)
#2Xiaolin Zhou (PKU: Peking University)H-Index: 31
Last.Ling-Xiang Xia (SWU: Southwest University)
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Although considerable efforts have been made to understand the neural underpinnings of (state) reactive aggression, which is triggered by provocation or perceived threat, little is known about the neural correlates of proactive aggression, which is driven by instrumental motivations to obtain personal gains through aggressive means and which varies dramatically across individuals in terms of tendency of appealing to such means. Here, by combining structural (grey matter density, GMD) and functio...
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Chronic back pain (CBP) is a leading cause of disability and results in considerable socio-economic burdens worldwide. Although CBP patients are commonly diagnosed and treated with a focus on the ‘end organ dysfunction’ (i.e., peripheral nerve injuries or diseases), the evaluation of CBP remains flawed and problematic with great challenges. Given that the peripheral nerve injuries or diseases are insufficient to define the etiology of CBP in some cases, the evaluation of alterations in the centr...
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Feeling guilty when we have wronged another is a crucial aspect of prosociality, but its neurobiological bases are elusive. Although multivariate patterns of brain activity show promise for developing brain measures linked to specific emotions, it is less clear whether brain activity can be trained to detect more complex social emotional states such as guilt. Here, we identified a distributed Guilt-Related Brain Signature (GRBS) across two independent neuroimaging datasets that used interpersona...
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An ERP study demonstrated that construction-based pragmatic constraints in Chinese (e.g., lian…dou that constrains a low-likelihood event and is similar to even in English) can rapidly influence sentence comprehension and the mismatch of such constraints would lead to increased neural activity on the mismatching word. Here we examine to what extent readers’ eye movements can instantly reveal the difficulties of mismatching constraints when participants read sentences with the structure lian + de...
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#1Hui Li (SCNU: South China Normal University)
#2Xiaolin Zhou (PKU: Peking University)H-Index: 31
Last.Qi Chen (SCNU: South China Normal University)H-Index: 11
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#1Lihui Wang (PKU: Peking University)H-Index: 4
#2Wenshuo Chang (PKU: Peking University)H-Index: 1
Last.Xiaolin ZhouH-Index: 31
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#1Shaoyang Ma (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 1
#2Yingshuang Zhang (PKU: Peking University)
Last.Zheng Ye (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 18
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Abstract Introduction The ability to arrange thoughts and actions in an appropriate serial order is impaired in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, it is unclear how serial order is represented and manipulated and how the representation or manipulation is altered in the early stages of PD. We aimed to analyze the pattern of performance errors in serial ordering versus serial recall in nondemented PD patients with mild clinical symptoms and healthy adults to identify the underlying principles of s...
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#1Sensen Song (PKU: Peking University)H-Index: 1
#2Anna Zilverstand (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 1
Last.Xiaolin ZhouH-Index: 31
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Abstract Background Brain stimulation interventions are increasingly used to reduce craving and consumption in individuals with drug addiction or excessive eating behavior. However, the efficacy of these novel treatments and whether effect sizes are affected by the length of the intervention has not been comprehensively evaluated. Objective A meta-analytical approach was employed to evaluate the effectiveness of non-invasive excitatory brain stimulation [transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (...
7 CitationsSource
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