Leonard H. Epstein
University at Buffalo
PsychologyPhysical therapyObesityMedicineSocial psychology
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Publications 573
#1Malena Savell (UB: University at Buffalo)
#2Rina D. Eiden (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 30
Last. Stephanie Anzman-Frasca (UB: University at Buffalo)H-Index: 16
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Abstract The relative reinforcing value (RRV) of food captures individual differences in the motivation to eat and is associated with weight status among infants, children, and adults. Currently, there is no concurrent measure of the RRV of food versus a non-food alternative for 4-to-5-year-old children. The present study aimed to develop and validate a measure of the RRV of food versus time spent interacting with a parent in the context of reading among 4-to-5-year-old children. The first phase...
#1Sara Tauriello (UB: University at Buffalo)H-Index: 1
#2Julie C. Bowker (UB: University at Buffalo)H-Index: 20
Last. Stephanie Anzman-Frasca (UB: University at Buffalo)H-Index: 16
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BACKGROUND Children's vegetable acceptance increases following repeated exposure and associative conditioning pairing a target vegetable with a well-liked food. Yet traditional pairings may increase energy intake when well-liked foods are calorie-rich. OBJECTIVES To examine whether pairing a non-food stimulus with target vegetables increases children's vegetable acceptance and whether effects exceed those of repeated exposure. METHODS Twenty-three 6-to-8-year-old children participated in twice-w...
#1Kelseanna Hollis-Hansen (University of Texas at Austin)
#2Jennifer Seidman (UB: University at Buffalo)H-Index: 3
Last. Leonard H. Epstein (UB: University at Buffalo)H-Index: 96
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Abstract Prospection has helped participants forego the temptation to buy and eat higher calorie nutrient poor foods in favor of buying and eating fewer calories and healthier macronutrient profiles in laboratory tasks and brief field studies. This pilot study examines whether episodic future thinking (EFT) improves mothers’ dietary behavior and food purchasing over a longer 7-10-day period. The study utilized a 2 × 2 factorial design with mothers (N = 60) randomized to EFT or standardized episo...
#1Derek A. PopeH-Index: 8
#2Lindsey PoeH-Index: 3
Last. Warren K. BickelH-Index: 79
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INTRODUCTION: The Experimental Tobacco Marketplace (ETM) approximates real-world situations by estimating the effects of several, concurrently available products and policies on budgeted purchasing. While the effects of increasing cigarette price on potentially less harmful substitutability are well-documented, the effects of other, nuanced pricing policies remain speculative. This study used the ETM as a tool to assess the effects of two pricing policies, conventional-cigarette taxation and e-l...
#1Leonard H. Epstein (UB: University at Buffalo)H-Index: 96
#2Rocco A. Paluch (UB: University at Buffalo)H-Index: 44
Last. Warren K. Bickel (VT: Virginia Tech)H-Index: 79
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The majority of people with prediabetes transition to type 2 diabetes. Research has suggested that persons with type 2 diabetes are likely to discount the future and focus on immediate rewards. Thi...
#1Leonard H. Epstein (UB: University at Buffalo)H-Index: 96
#2Teresa Quattrin (UB: University at Buffalo)H-Index: 20
Episodic Future Thinking (EFT) reduces delay discounting (DD; preference for smaller, immediate rewards) and various maladaptive behaviors. Exploring potential personalization of EFT to optimize its ability to alter DD and demand for unhealthy reinforcers is important for the development of interventions targeting long-term improvement and maintenance of health. In this investigation, using 2 separate studies, we examined the effects of EFT with and without a health goal on rates of discounting,...
#1Sophia A. Rotman (Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine)
#2Lauren A. Fowler (WashU: Washington University in St. Louis)
Last. Denise E. WilfleyH-Index: 66
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Introduction: Social support for healthy eating can influence child eating behaviors; however, little is known about the impact of social support during family-based behavioral weight-loss treatmen...
#1Ashley N. Gearhardt (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 29
#2Sonja Yokum (Oregon Research Institute)H-Index: 24
Last. Julie C. Lumeng (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 33
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BACKGROUND: Food advertising is a major contributor to obesity, and fast food (FF) restaurants are top advertisers. Research on the impact of food advertising in adolescents is lacking and no prior research has investigated neural predictors of food intake in adolescents. Neural systems implicated in reward could be key to understanding how food advertising drives food intake. OBJECTIVES: To investigate how neural responses to both unhealthy and healthier FF commercials predict food intake in ad...
2 CitationsSource
#1Katelyn A. Carr (UB: University at Buffalo)H-Index: 13
#2Leonard H. Epstein (UB: University at Buffalo)H-Index: 96
Persons with obesity find high-energy-dense food and sedentary behaviors highly reinforcing. Diets and exercise programs deprive individuals of many favorite foods and activities, which can counterproductively heighten their value and lead to relapse. Since the value of reinforcers depend on the alternatives available, one approach to reducing food and sedentary activity reinforcement is to build healthy alternative reinforcers. Current behavioral treatment programs for children and adults do no...
1 CitationsSource