Robert C Reiner
University of Washington
Mortality rateDiseasePopulationMedicineEnvironmental health
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Publications 139
#1Joan B. SorianoH-Index: 69
#2Parkes J KendrickH-Index: 1
Last. Elham AhmadianH-Index: 10
view all 252 authors...
Summary Background Previous attempts to characterise the burden of chronic respiratory diseases have focused only on specific disease conditions, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or asthma. In this study, we aimed to characterise the burden of chronic respiratory diseases globally, providing a comprehensive and up-to-date analysis on geographical and time trends from 1990 to 2017. Methods Using data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 20...
1 CitationsSource
#1Moritz U. G. Kraemer (University of Oxford)H-Index: 27
#2Adam Sadilek (Google)H-Index: 12
Last. Robert C Reiner (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 25
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The geographic variation of human movement is largely unknown, mainly due to a lack of accurate and scalable data. Here we describe global human mobility patterns, aggregated from over 300 million smartphone users. The data cover nearly all countries and 65% of Earth’s populated surface, including cross-border movements and international migration. This scale and coverage enable us to develop a globally comprehensive human movement typology. We quantify how human movement patterns vary across so...
1 CitationsSource
#1Robert C ReinerH-Index: 25
#2Kirsten E WiensH-Index: 1
Last. Sandra B MunroH-Index: 1
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Summary Background Across low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), one in ten deaths in children younger than 5 years is attributable to diarrhoea. The substantial between-country variation in both diarrhoea incidence and mortality is attributable to interventions that protect children, prevent infection, and treat disease. Identifying subnational regions with the highest burden and mapping associated risk factors can aid in reducing preventable childhood diarrhoea. Methods We used Bayesi...
1 CitationsSource
#1Kraemer Mug. (University of Oxford)
#1Moritz U. G. Kraemer (University of Oxford)H-Index: 27
Last. Simon I. Hay (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 110
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BACKGROUND: The 2018-2019 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri provinces in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is the largest ever recorded in the DRC. It has been declared a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. The outbreak emerged in a region of chronic conflict and insecurity, and directed attacks against health care workers may have interfered with disease response activities. Our study characterizes and quantifies the broader conflict dynamics over...
#1Spencer L. James (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 28
#2Chris D Castle (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 4
Last. Kate E LeGrand (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 1
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BACKGROUND: Past research in population health trends has shown that injuries form a substantial burden of population health loss. Regular updates to injury burden assessments are critical. We report Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2017 Study estimates on morbidity and mortality for all injuries. METHODS: We reviewed results for injuries from the GBD 2017 study. GBD 2017 measured injury-specific mortality and years of life lost (YLLs) using the Cause of Death Ensemble model. To measure non-fatal ...
1 CitationsSource
#1Sean L. Wu (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 3
#2M C Héctor Sánchez (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 3
Last. Arnaud Le MenachH-Index: 18
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Mosquitoes are important vectors for pathogens that infect humans and other vertebrate animals. Some aspects of adult mosquito behavior and mosquito ecology play an important role in determining the capacity of vector populations to transmit pathogens. Here, we re-examine factors affecting the transmission of pathogens by mosquitoes using a new approach. Unlike most previous models, this framework considers the behavioral states and state transitions of adult mosquitoes through a sequence of act...
#1Sean M. Cavany (ND: University of Notre Dame)H-Index: 1
#2Guido España (ND: University of Notre Dame)H-Index: 5
Last. Amy C. Morrison (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 10
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Recent years have seen rising incidence of dengue and large outbreaks of Zika and chikungunya, which are all caused by viruses transmitted by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. In most settings, the primary intervention against Aedes-transmitted viruses is vector control, such as indoor, ultra-low volume (ULV) spraying. Targeted indoor residual spraying (TIRS) has the potential to more effectively impact Aedes-borne diseases, but its implementation requires careful planning and evaluation. The optimal ti...
1 CitationsSource
#1Benjamin Rader (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 1
#2Samuel V. Scarpino (NU: Northeastern University)H-Index: 17
Last. John S. Brownstein (Harvard University)H-Index: 57
view all 16 authors...
The COVID-19 pandemic is straining public health systems worldwide and major non-pharmaceutical interventions have been implemented to slow its spread. During the initial phase of the outbreak the spread was primarily determined by human mobility. Yet empirical evidence on the effect of key geographic factors on local epidemic spread is lacking. We analyse highly-resolved spatial variables for cities in China together with case count data in order to investigate the role of climate, urbanization...
1 CitationsSource
#1H.J. Prudden (WHO: World Health Organization)H-Index: 1
#2Mateusz Hasso-Agopsowicz (WHO: World Health Organization)H-Index: 1
Last. Claudio F. Lanata (Vandy: Vanderbilt University)H-Index: 4
view all 18 authors...
Abstract Investment in vaccine product development should be guided by up-to-date and transparent global burden of disease estimates, which are also fundamental to policy recommendation and vaccine introduction decisions. For low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), vaccine prioritization is primarily driven by the number of deaths caused by different pathogens. Enteric diseases are known to be a major cause of death in LMICs. The two main modelling groups providing mortality estimates for ente...
1 CitationsSource
#1Sadaf G. SepanlouH-Index: 50
#2Saeid Safiri (University of Tabriz)H-Index: 1
Last. Amir AbdoliH-Index: 8
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Summary Background Cirrhosis and other chronic liver diseases (collectively referred to as cirrhosis in this paper) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality globally, although the burden and underlying causes differ across locations and demographic groups. We report on results from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2017 on the burden of cirrhosis and its trends since 1990, by cause, sex, and age, for 195 countries and territories. Methods We used data from...
8 CitationsSource