Robert E Black
Johns Hopkins University
PediatricsDiarrheaPopulationChild mortalityMedicine
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Publications 819
#1Henry D. Kalter (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 18
#2Jamie Perin (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 17
Last. Robert E Black (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 118
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Verbal autopsy is the main method used in countries with weak civil registration systems for estimating community causes of neonatal and 1–59-month-old deaths. However, validation studies of verbal autopsy methods are limited and assessment has been dependent on hospital-based studies, with uncertain implications for its validity in community settings. If the distribution of community deaths by cause was similar to that of facility deaths, or could be adjusted according to related demographic fa...
#2Michelle F. GaffeyH-Index: 10
Last. Paul Spiegel (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 29
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Globally, the number of people affected by conflict is the highest in history, and continues to steadily increase. There is currently a pressing need to better understand how to deliver critical health interventions to women and children affected by conflict. The compendium of articles presented in this Conflict and Health Collection brings together a range of case studies recently undertaken by the BRANCH Consortium (Bridging Research & Action in Conflict Settings for the Health of Women and Ch...
8 CitationsSource
#1Juraci A. Cesar (UFRGS: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul)H-Index: 22
#2Iná S. Santos (UFPEL: Universidade Federal de Pelotas)H-Index: 46
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Salt iodization is the main public health policy to prevent and control iodine deficiency disorders. The National Salt Iodization Impact Assessment Survey (PNAISAL) was conducted to measure iodine concentration among Brazilian schoolchildren. A survey including 6–14-year-old schoolchildren from public and private schools from all 26 Brazilian states and the Federal District was carried out in the biennia 2008–2009 and 2013–2014. Municipalities, schools, and students were randomly selected. Stude...
#1H.J. Prudden (WHO: World Health Organization)H-Index: 1
#2Mateusz Hasso-Agopsowicz (WHO: World Health Organization)H-Index: 3
Last. Claudio F Lanata (Vandy: Vanderbilt University)H-Index: 4
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Abstract Investment in vaccine product development should be guided by up-to-date and transparent global burden of disease estimates, which are also fundamental to policy recommendation and vaccine introduction decisions. For low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), vaccine prioritization is primarily driven by the number of deaths caused by different pathogens. Enteric diseases are known to be a major cause of death in LMICs. The two main modelling groups providing mortality estimates for ente...
1 CitationsSource
BACKGROUND: Growth faltering in the first 1000 d is associated with lower human capital among adults. The existence of a second window of opportunity for nutritional interventions during adolescence has been postulated. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to verify the associations between growth from birth to 18 y and intelligence and schooling in a cohort. METHODS: A total of 5249 hospital-born infants in Pelotas, Brazil, were enrolled during 1993. Follow-up visits to random subsamples took place at 6, 12, a...
#1Megan W. Bourassa (New York Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 13
Last. Stephen A. Vosti (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 30
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#1Filomena Gomes (New York Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 10
#2Megan W. Bourassa (New York Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 13
Last. Gilles Bergeron (New York Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 8
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Prenatal micronutrient deficiencies are associated with negative maternal and birth outcomes. Multiple micronutrient supplementation (MMS) during pregnancy is a cost-effective intervention to reduce these adverse outcomes. However, important knowledge gaps remain in the implementation of MMS interventions. The Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative (CHNRI) methodology was applied to inform the direction of research and investments needed to support the implementation of MMS interventions...
1 CitationsSource
#1Severine FrisonH-Index: 6
#2Chloe AngoodH-Index: 2
Last. Philip JamesH-Index: 27
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BACKGROUND: An estimated 49.5 million children under five years of age are wasted. There is a lack of robust studies on effective interventions to prevent wasting. The aim of this study was to identify and prioritise the main outstanding research questions in relation to wasting prevention to inform future research agendas. METHOD: A research prioritisation exercise was conducted following the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative method. Identified research gaps were compiled from mult...
#1Vivian Welch (U of O: University of Ottawa)H-Index: 50
#2Alomgir Hossain (U of O: University of Ottawa)H-Index: 9
Last. George A. Wells (U of O: University of Ottawa)H-Index: 124
view all 32 authors...
ABSTRACTIntestinal parasites affect millions of children globally. We aimed to assess effects of deworming children on nutritional and cognitive outcomes across potential effect modifiers using ind...
#1Sk Masum Billah (International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh)H-Index: 5
#2Shahreen Raihana (International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh)H-Index: 3
Last. Shams El Arifeen DrPHH-Index: 60
view all 15 authors...
Background Bangladesh had a large reduction in childhood deaths due to diarrhoeal disease in recent decades. This paper explores the preventive, promotive, curative and contextual drivers that helped Bangladesh achieve this exemplary success.
1 CitationsSource