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Nidhi Jaiswal
St. John's University
Iodine deficiencyPregnancyPopulationIodineMedicine
7Publications
5H-index
223Citations
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Publications 7
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#2Nidhi JaiswalH-Index: 5
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#1Sueppong Gowachirapant (MU: Mahidol University)H-Index: 11
#2Nidhi Jaiswal (St. John's University)H-Index: 5
Last. Michael B. Zimmermann (EPFL: École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne)H-Index: 67
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Summary Background Iodine deficiency during pregnancy might be associated with reduced intelligence quotient (IQ) score in offspring. We assessed the effect of iodine supplementation in mildly iodine-deficient pregnant women on neurodevelopment of their offspring in areas where schoolchildren were iodine sufficient. Methods In this randomised, placebo-controlled trial, pregnant women in Bangalore, India, and Bangkok, Thailand, were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive 200 μg iodine orally once a d...
32 CitationsSource
#1Sara Stinca (ETH Zurich)H-Index: 8
#2Maria Andersson (ETH Zurich)H-Index: 21
Last. Michael B. Zimmermann (ETH Zurich)H-Index: 67
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Context: Thyroglobulin (Tg) may be a sensitive biomarker of iodine nutrition in pregnant women (PW). A dried blood spot (DBS) assay would simplify collection and transport in field studies. Objectives: Our aims were to: 1) establish a reference range for DBS-Tg in iodine-sufficient PW; 2) test this reference range in PW with a range of iodine intakes; and 3) determine if co-measurement of Tg antibodies (Ab) is necessary to define population iodine status. Design, Settings and Participants: Stand...
18 CitationsSource
#2Nidhi JaiswalH-Index: 5
Last. Alida Melse-BoonstraH-Index: 23
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#1Nidhi Jaiswal (St. John's University)H-Index: 5
#2Alida Melse-Boonstra (WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)H-Index: 23
Last. Michael B. Zimmermann (WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)H-Index: 67
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OBJECTIVE: To compare the iodine status of pregnant women and their children who were sharing all meals in Bangalore India. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study evaluating demographic characteristics household salt iodine concentration and salt usage patterns urinary iodine concentrations (UIC) in women and children and maternal thyroid volume (ultrasound). SETTING: Antenatal clinic of an urban tertiary-care hospital which serves a low-income population. SUBJECTS: Healthy pregnant women in all trimes...
10 CitationsSource
#1Alida Melse-Boonstra (WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)H-Index: 23
#2Sueppong Gowachirapant (MU: Mahidol University)H-Index: 11
Last. Michael B. Zimmermann (ETH Zurich)H-Index: 67
view all 6 authors...
a b s t r a c t Maternal hypothyroidism and hypothyroxenemia due to iodine deficiency have been shown to affect development of the newborn negatively. Maternal iodine supplementation may therefore improve cog- nitive performance of the offspring, even in areas of mild-to-moderate iodine deficiency (ID). Several iodine supplementation studies have been performed in mildly ID pregnant women in Europe. These studies have shown that iodine supplementation increases maternal urinary iodine (UI) excre...
29 CitationsSource
#1Alida Melse-Boonstra (WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)H-Index: 23
#2Nidhi Jaiswal (St. John's University)H-Index: 5
Iodine deficiency during foetal development and early childhood is associated with cognitive impairment. Randomised clinical studies in school-aged children encountered in the literature indicate that cognitive performance can be improved by iodine supplementation, but most studies suffer from methodological constraints. Tests to assess cognitive performance in the domains that are potentially affected by iodine deficiency need to be refined. Maternal iodine supplementation in areas of mild-to-m...
101 CitationsSource
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