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Kazunobu Hayakawa
Japan External Trade Organization
International tradeEconomicsInternational economicsTariffFree trade
100Publications
11H-index
723Citations
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Publications 104
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#1Kazunobu HayakawaH-Index: 11
#2Hiroshi Mukunoki (Gakushuin University)H-Index: 6
Last. Chih-Hai Yang (NCU: National Central University)H-Index: 2
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Abstract By employing firm-level export data in China, this paper empirically examines the effect of liberalization of services foreign direct investment (FDI) on exporting firms’ quality upgrading. To evaluate its relative effectiveness, we also examine other kinds of trade policies, including tariffs in export destination countries and input and output tariffs in China. With China's accession to the World Trade Organization in December 2001, these trade policies changed substantially during ou...
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#1Naoto JinjiH-Index: 8
Last. Taiyo YoshimiH-Index: 3
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This study proposes a new approach for quantifying two kinds of costs related to the utilization of regional trade agreements (RTAs). The first, which we call the “procurement adjustment cost,” represents the cost involved in meeting rules of origin through the adjustment of procurement sources. The second is the additional fixed costs required to utilize RTAs, including document preparation costs for the certification of origin. The proposed approach makes it possible to compute these two costs...
#1Kazunobu HayakawaH-Index: 11
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Using Japanese firm/establishment level census data, we investigate the impact of Chinese import penetration on employment in Japan. We found negative impacts of Chinese import penetration on total employment, especially for industries that produce competing products to Chinese imports, and a positive impact of import penetration in the industries from which firms purchase their inputs (upstream import penetration). The negative impacts are mainly driven by firms' exit from the market while posi...
#2Kazunobu HayakawaH-Index: 11
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Tariff pass-through is a vital issue for considering who and to what extent the trade liberalization benefits. This paper empirically examines the tariff pass-through in wholesaling by employing the wholesale firm-level data in Japan. We found that importing wholesalers significantly raised their margin ratio (i.e., (sales – procurements) / sales) against tariff reduction. On average, a 1% reduction of tariffs raised the margin ratio by around 0.25 percentage point. This rise is equivalent to ...
#1Kazunobu HayakawaH-Index: 11
Last. Taiyo YoshimiH-Index: 3
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This paper proposes a method of quantifying the additional fixed cost to exporters of taking advantage of regional trade agreements (RTAs). Such additional fixed costs can be measured by the ratio of fixed costs resulting from preference utilization to those associated with non-preferential export activities, or "fixed cost ratio (FCR)." Our method is built on a model of international trade where heterogeneous exporters decide what tariff schemes to use. By applying our method to Japan's imports...
#1Kazunobu HayakawaH-Index: 11
#2Nuttawut Laksanapanyakul (Thailand Development Research Institute)H-Index: 2
Last. Taiyo Yoshimi (Chu-Dai: Chuo University)H-Index: 3
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We examine how import processing time, which is one of the major obstacles in international trade, affects export patterns at the establishment level. Investigating the effect of such time costs on export patterns reveals how smoothness or sluggishness in operations at one stage affects all stages in an international production network. We first discuss the effects of import processing time on exports, export shipment frequency and exports per shipment from a theoretical standpoint. We employ hi...
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#1Kazunobu HayakawaH-Index: 11
#2Shujiro Urata (Waseda University)H-Index: 22
Last. Taiyo Yoshimi (Chu-Dai: Chuo University)H-Index: 3
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Mega‐regional trade agreements (RTAs) are likely to overlap with other RTAs. When such overlaps occur, firms must choose the tariff rates from multiple RTAs. By employing data on Japan’s imports by tariff schemes, we investigate how RTA tariff rates affect firms’ decisions on tariff schemes when multiple RTAs exist. Our finding is that RTA utilization rates are higher when tariff rates for that RTA are lower (own effect) and tariff rates for alternative RTAs are higher (cross effect). We also fo...
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#1Kazunobu HayakawaH-Index: 11
#2Ikumo IsonoH-Index: 3
Last. Satoru KumagaiH-Index: 4
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In this paper, we empirically examine the effects of domestic transportation costs on product prices in an archipelagic country, namely, Indonesia. Specifically, we investigate the province-level price of televisions. Our analysis reveals that maritime transportation is more costly than land transportation. For example, a 1% increase in distance in maritime and land transportation increases a product price by 0.08% and 0.02%, respectively. This result implies that the geographical concentration ...
This study examines Japan’s preferential imports from three least developed countries (LDCs), i.e., Cambodia, Laos, and Myanmar, from 2013 to 2016. In these trade flows, two preference regimes are available in a ddition to a most favored nation regime: the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) for LDCs (GSP -LDC) and a plurilateral trade agreement among Japan and ASEAN countries (AJCEP). We empirically exam ine how relaxing the rules of origin in GSP-LDC for knitted apparel in 2015 changed the...
#1Kazunobu HayakawaH-Index: 11
#2Ikumo IsonoH-Index: 3
Last. Satoru KumagaiH-Index: 4
view all 3 authors...
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