Anne Marie Darling
Harvard University
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Publications 25
#1Simone Passarelli (Harvard University)H-Index: 3
#2Sabri Bromage (Harvard University)H-Index: 5
Last. Wafaie W. Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 65
view all 8 authors...
Some evidence suggests that aflatoxin may contribute to the high prevalence of stunting observed in low-income countries. Whereas several studies have been conducted in West Africa, fewer exist in East Africa and even fewer in nonagricultural contexts. We analyzed serum samples from 400 iron-replete, nonanemic pregnant women from a cohort in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania to determine the extent and magnitude of exposure to aflatoxin and to study the relationship between levels of aflatoxin exposure in...
#1Anne Marie Darling (Harvard University)H-Index: 6
#2Wafaie W. Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 65
Last. Rajesh Kumar Rai (Harvard University)
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Abstract Objective To investigate the prevalence of underweight, stunting, and overweight among adolescents in rural West Bengal, India and identified factors contributing to these forms of malnutrition. Research Methods and Procedures We conducted a cross-sectional study within the Birbhum Health and Demographic Surveillance System in West Bengal, India. Participants were male and female adolescents ages 10-19 were enrolled (n=5,521). Body mass index (BMI) was calculated using measured heights ...
#1Omar Lweno (Ifakara Health Institute)H-Index: 5
Last. Wafaie W. FawziH-Index: 65
view all 6 authors...
OBJECTIVE: A recent trial of vitamin B12 supplementation among Indian children 6-30 months found no effect on the incidence of diarrhea and respiratory infections. These results differ with studies in adults that showed improvement of the immune response following treatment with vitamin B12. We sought to determine how the adequacy of vitamin B12 concentrations in breast milk could act as immune modulator and protect against the incidence of diarrhea and respiratory infections of children up to 1...
#1Anne Marie Darling (Harvard University)H-Index: 6
#2Bruno F Sunguya (MUHAS: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences)H-Index: 27
Last. David Guwattude (MUK: Makerere University)H-Index: 1
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OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate gender differences in nutritional status, dietary intake, physical activity and hand hygiene among adolescents from diverse geographical settings in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: This study utilised cross-sectional data from six countries (Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, Tanzania and Uganda) within the ARISE Adolescent Health Survey (n = 7625). Body mass index (BMI) was calculated using measured heights and weights, and z-scores were ...
2 CitationsSource
#1Anne Marie Darling (Harvard University)H-Index: 6
#2Nega Assefa (Haramaya University)H-Index: 6
Last. Wafaie W. Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 65
view all 14 authors...
The ARISE Network Adolescent Health Study is an exploratory, community-based survey of 8075 adolescents aged 10-19 in 9 communities in 7 countries: Burkina Faso, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, Tanzania and Uganda. Communities were selected opportunistically and existing population cohorts maintained by health and demographic surveillance systems (HDSSs). The study is intended to serve as a first round of data collection for African adolescent cohorts, with the overarching goal of generating...
6 CitationsSource
#1Abbas Ismail (University of Dodoma)H-Index: 2
#2Anne Marie Darling (Harvard University)H-Index: 6
Last. Said A. H. Vuai (University of Dodoma)H-Index: 5
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OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with malnutrition among adolescents in a rural Tanzanian community. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 1226 randomly selected adolescents from the Dodoma Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) in the Chamwino district in the Dodoma region. Anthropometric measurements for weight and height were collected. Height-for-age-z-scores (HAZs) and body mass index (BMI)-for-age-z-scores (BAZs) were computed. Descriptive estimate...
#1Yemane Berhane (Addis Continental Institute of Public Health)H-Index: 36
#2Chelsey R Canavan (Harvard University)H-Index: 2
Last. Wafaie W. Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 65
view all 15 authors...
OBJECTIVE: To measure health-related behaviours and risk factors among sub-Saharan African adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in nine communities in Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Eswatini, Ghana, Nigeria, Tanzania and Uganda between 2015 and 2017. Community-representative samples of males and females 10-19 years of age were selected. All communities used a uniform questionnaire that was adapted from the WHO Global School-based Student Health Survey. Weighted prevalence estimates and 95% confi...
4 CitationsSource
#1Jan-Walter De Neve (University Hospital Heidelberg)H-Index: 11
#2Omar Karlsson (Harvard University)H-Index: 1
Last. Yemane Berhane (Addis Continental Institute of Public Health)H-Index: 36
view all 13 authors...
Objectives: We analysed mutually comparable surveys on adolescent attitudes and behaviours from nine sites in seven sub‐Saharan African countries, to determine the relationship between school enrolment and adolescent health outcomes.Methods: Data from the Africa Research, Implementation Science, and Education Network cross‐sectional adolescent health surveys were used to examine the associations of current school enrolment, self‐reported general health and four major adolescent health domains: (...
2 CitationsSource
#2Anne Marie DarlingH-Index: 6
Last. Wafaie W. FawziH-Index: 65
view all 11 authors...
We examined the associations of plasma vitamin D concentration and adverse pregnancy outcomes among HIV-negative women in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. We used an unmatched case-control study design, with 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration assessed in the first trimester. Cases were individuals with adverse pregnancy outcomes, including stillbirth, premature birth, or small for gestational age births (SGA). Unconditional logistic regression and weighted logistic regression models were used t...
#1Ramadhani A. Noor (Harvard University)H-Index: 10
#2Ajibola I. Abioye (Harvard University)H-Index: 8
Last. Wafaie W. Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 65
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BACKGROUND: Zinc and vitamin A supplementation have both been shown to affect iron status, hemoglobin (Hb) concentration, and anemia in animal and human studies. However, evidence on their combined use in pregnancy, in the context of iron-folic acid (IFA) supplementation, remains limited. OBJECTIVE: This study determined the effects of prenatal zinc, vitamin A, and iron supplementation on maternal hematologic and micronutrient status at delivery in Tanzania. METHODS: We analyzed 2 large randomiz...