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Peter Baker
Imperial College London
Public healthHealth careInequalityMedicineSocial determinants of health
18Publications
4H-index
53Citations
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Publications 17
Newest
#1Vageesh Jain (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 5
#2Liam Crosby (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 1
Last. Kalipso Chalkidou ('KCL': King's College London)H-Index: 1
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Purpose/setting The extent to which distributional equity is incorporated into evaluations of the (potential or observed) impact of health taxes is unclear. This systematic review of economic and modelling evaluations investigating taxation on tobacco, sugar-sweetened-beverages (SSBs), or alcohol aims to assess the proportion that have considered distributional impact by income or socioeconomic group. Secondary aims included summarising the reported distributional impacts, for both cost...
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#1Vageesh Jain (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 5
#2Peter Baker (Imperial College London)H-Index: 4
Last. Kalipso Chalkidou (Imperial College London)H-Index: 23
view all 3 authors...
Health taxes are a cost effective opportunity for progress in public health. Yet decision making processes on such policies lack the diligence routinely used in appraising other health interventions, and this limits their use, say Vageesh Jain and colleagues
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#1Liam Crosby (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 1
#2Peter Baker (Imperial College London)H-Index: 4
Last. Kalipso Chalkidou (Imperial College London)H-Index: 23
view all 6 authors...
Chronic kidney disease and acute kidney injury are leading causes of mortality and morbidity in sub-Saharan Africa. Chronic kidney disease accounts for 4 million disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) lost across the continent annually, just behind diabetes (6·4 million DALYs).1 Increases in the prevalence of hypertension and type 2 diabetes are likely to increase the prevalence of chronic kidney disease in Africa, while high rates of intoxication and infections (such as malaria and HIV) drive a...
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#1Yannish Naik (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 1
#1Yannish Naik (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 1
Last. Clare Bambra (Newcastle University)H-Index: 48
view all 14 authors...
The social determinants of health have been widely recognised yet there remains a lack of clarity regarding what constitute the macro-economic determinants of health and what can be done to address them. An umbrella review of systematic reviews was conducted to identify the evidence for the health and health inequalities impact of population level macroeconomic factors, strategies, policies and interventions. Nine databases were searched for systematic reviews meeting the Database of Abstracts o...
4 CitationsSource
#1Vageesh Jain (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 1
#1Vageesh Jain (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 5
Last. Kalipso Chalkidou (Imperial College London)H-Index: 23
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Background Taxing harmful products—such as tobacco, sugar, or alcohol—is a valuable way to improve population health. However, it is argued that excise duties on goods are regressive, because the payment burden falls on the poorest people. The extent to which distributional equity is incorporated into evaluations of the (potential or observed) effect of such taxes is unclear. The primary outcome of this systematic review of evaluations investigating taxation on tobacco, sugar-sweetened-...
Source
#1Yannish Jones Naik (Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust)H-Index: 2
#2Peter Baker (Imperial College London)H-Index: 4
Last. Clare Bambra (Newcastle University)H-Index: 48
view all 8 authors...
Following publication of the original article [1], the authors opted to correct the following reference on page 3:
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#1Yannish Jones NaikH-Index: 2
#2Peter BakerH-Index: 4
Last. Clare BambraH-Index: 48
view all 8 authors...
Following publication of the original article [1], the authors opted to correct the following reference on page 3: The economy has been defined as a social domain that emphasizes the practices, discourses, and material expressions associated with the production, use and management of resources [8]. It should have been: The economy has been defined as a social domain that emphasizes the practices, discourses, and material expressions associated with the production, use and management of resources...
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#1Peter Baker (Imperial College London)H-Index: 4
#2Thomas Hone (Imperial College London)H-Index: 10
Last. Christopher Millett (Imperial College London)H-Index: 42
view all 5 authors...
Inequalities in infant mortality rates (IMRs) are rising in some low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and decreasing in others, but the explanation for these divergent trends is unclear. We investigate whether government expenditures and redistribution are associated with reductions in inequalities in IMRs. We estimated country-level fixed-effects panel regressions for 48 LMICs (142 country observations). Slope and Relative Indices of Inequality in IMRs (SII and RII) were calculated from Dem...
2 CitationsSource
#1Kim MacQuilkan (University of the Witwatersrand)H-Index: 2
#2Peter Baker (Imperial College London)H-Index: 4
Last. Karen J. Hofman (University of the Witwatersrand)H-Index: 27
view all 10 authors...
ABSTRACTBackground: Resource allocation in health is universally challenging, but especially so in resource-constrained contexts in the Global South. Pursuing a strategy of evidence-based decision-making and using tools such as Health Technology Assessment (HTA), can help address issues relating to both affordability and equity when allocating resources. Three BRICS and Global South countries, China, India and South Africa have committed to strengthening HTA capacity and developing their domesti...
1 CitationsSource
#1Yannish Jones Naik (Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust)H-Index: 2
#2Peter Baker (Imperial College London)H-Index: 4
Last. Clare Bambra (Newcastle University)H-Index: 48
view all 8 authors...
The economic determinants of health have been widely recognised as crucial factors affecting health; however, to date, no comprehensive review has been undertaken to summarise these factors and the ways in which they can influence health. We conceptualise the economy as a complex system made up of underlying approaches, regulation from institutions, markets, finance, labour, the public-private balance as well as production and distributional effects, which collectively impact on health through t...
1 CitationsSource
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