Dylan B. George
National Institutes of Health
Publications 35
Health planners from global to local levels must anticipate year‐to‐year and week‐to‐week variation in seasonal influenza activity when planning for and responding to epidemics to mitigate their impact. To help with this, countries routinely collect incidence of mild and severe respiratory illness and virologic data on circulating subtypes and use these data for situational awareness, burden of disease estimates and severity assessments. Advanced analytics and modelling are increasingly used to ...
#1Dylan B. GeorgeH-Index: 19
#2Wendy Taylor (Rockefeller Foundation)H-Index: 1
Last.Nicholas G. Reich (UMass: University of Massachusetts Amherst)H-Index: 20
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Forecasting is beginning to be integrated into decision-making processes for infectious disease outbreak response. We discuss how technologies could accelerate the adoption of forecasting among public health practitioners, improve epidemic management, save lives, and reduce the economic impact of outbreaks.
1 CitationsSource
#1Jean-Paul Chretien (Silver Spring Networks)H-Index: 19
#2Steven Riley (Imperial College London)H-Index: 41
Last.Dylan B. George (Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority)H-Index: 19
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The outbreak of Ebola that started in West Africa in late 2013 has caused at least 28,000 illnesses and 11,000 deaths. As the outbreak progressed, global and local public health authorities scrambled to contain the spread of the disease by isolating those who were ill, putting in place infection control processes in health care settings, and encouraging the public to take steps to prevent the spread of the illness in the community. It took a massive investment of resources and personnel from man...
57 CitationsSource
#1Benjamin M. Althouse (SFI: Santa Fe Institute)H-Index: 24
#2Samuel V. Scarpino (SFI: Santa Fe Institute)H-Index: 17
Last.Amy Wesolowski (Harvard University)H-Index: 15
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Novel data streams (NDS), such as web search data or social media updates, hold promise for enhancing the capabilities of public health surveillance. In this paper, we outline a conceptual framework for integrating NDS into current public health surveillance. Our approach focuses on two key questions: What are the opportunities for using NDS and what are the minimal tests of validity and utility that must be applied when using NDS? Identifying these opportunities will necessitate the involvement...
56 CitationsSource
#1Pete RileyH-Index: 31
#2Michal Ben-NunH-Index: 5
Last.Steven Riley (Imperial College London)H-Index: 41
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The potential rapid availability of large-scale clinical episode data during the next influenza pandemic suggests an opportunity for increasing the speed with which novel respiratory pathogens can be characterized. Key intervention decisions will be determined by both the transmissibility of the novel strain (measured by the basic reproductive number R 0) and its individual-level severity. The 2009 pandemic illustrated that estimating individual-level severity, as described by the proportion p C...
6 CitationsSource
#1Jane P. Messina (University of Oxford)H-Index: 25
#2David M. Pigott (University of Oxford)H-Index: 36
Last.Simon I. Hay (University of Oxford)H-Index: 110
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Background: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a tick-borne infection caused by a virus (CCHFV) from the Bunyaviridae family. Domestic and wild vertebrates are asymptomatic reservoirs for the virus, putting animal handlers, slaughter-house workers and agricultural labourers at highest risk in endemic areas, with secondary transmission possible through contact with infected blood and other bodily fluids. Human infection is characterized by severe symptoms that often result in death. While ...
75 CitationsSource
#1Gabriel RainischH-Index: 4
#2Jason AsherH-Index: 4
Last.Martin I. MeltzerH-Index: 44
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To the Editor: By December 31, 2014, the Ebola epidemic in West Africa had resulted in treatment of 10 Ebola case-patients in the United States; a maximum of 4 patients received treatment at any one time (1). Four of these 10 persons became clinically ill in the United States (2 infected outside the United States and 2 infected in the United States), and 6 were clinically ill persons medically evacuated from West Africa (Technical Appendix 1 Table 6). To plan for possible future cases in the Uni...
10 CitationsSource
The National Science and Technology Council, within the Executive Office of the President, established the Pandemic Prediction and Forecasting Science and Technology Working Group in 2013 to advance US Government epidemic prediction and forecasting capabilities. Working Group leaders will provide an overview of activities, and seek feedback on the Working Group direction from the ISDS community.
13 CitationsSource
#1David M. Pigott (University of Oxford)H-Index: 36
#2Nick Golding (University of Oxford)H-Index: 29
Last.Simon I. Hay (University of Oxford)H-Index: 110
view all 15 authors...
The leishmaniases are neglected tropical diseases of significant public health importance. However, information on their global occurrence is disparate and sparse. This database represents an attempt to collate reported leishmaniasis occurrences from 1960 to 2012. Methodology for the collection of data from the literature, abstraction of case locations and data processing procedures are described here. In addition, strain archives and online data resources were accessed. A total of 12,563 spatia...
16 CitationsSource