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David A. Fields
University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center
EndocrinologyPhysical therapyObesityDiabetes mellitusMedicine
118Publications
31H-index
3,268Citations
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Publications 120
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#1Dympna Gallagher (Columbia University)H-Index: 45
#1Dympna Gallagher (Columbia University)H-Index: 42
Last. Shumei Sun (UM: University of Michigan)
view all 11 authors...
Body composition estimates are widely used in clinical research and field studies as measures of energy-nutrient balance, functionality and health. Despite their broad relevance and multiple applications, important gaps remain in techniques available for accurately and precisely quantifying body composition in infants and children from birth through 5 years. Identifying these gaps and highlighting research needs in this age group were the topics of a National Institutes of Health workshop held i...
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#1Paige K. Berger (Children's Hospital Los Angeles)H-Index: 5
#1Paige Berger (Children's Hospital Los Angeles)
Last. David A. Fields (University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center)H-Index: 31
view all 4 authors...
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This narrative review presents the current state of available evidence regarding the role of breast milk carbohydrates on infant outcomes, with a primary focus on growth and body composition. RECENT FINDINGS: To date, there is a paucity of available data that exists in this realm. The current literature focuses on the role of two carbohydrate fractions in breast milk, and their relationships with infant outcomes in the first six months of life: oligosaccharides and fructose. A...
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#1Christina M. Scifres (IU: Indiana University)
#2Carolyn Mead-Harvey (OU: University of Oklahoma)
Last. Julie A. Stoner (OU: University of Oklahoma)H-Index: 33
view all 9 authors...
Background Overweight and obese women with gestational diabetes mellitus are at increased risk for adverse perinatal outcomes, and they are also more likely to have suboptimal glycemic control. However, there is a paucity of data evaluating whether lower glycemic targets could improve outcomes. Objective To evaluate the feasibility of intensive glycemic control in overweight and obese women with gestational diabetes mellitus. Materials and Methods We randomized 60 overweight or obese women with ...
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#1Elvira Isganaitis (Harvard University)H-Index: 16
#2Sarah Venditti (Joslin Diabetes Center)H-Index: 1
Last. David A. Fields (University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center)H-Index: 31
view all 6 authors...
3 CitationsSource
#1Tom Norris (Lboro: Loughborough University)H-Index: 5
#2Sara E. Ramel (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 12
Last. William Johnson (Lboro: Loughborough University)H-Index: 18
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Background: Air-displacement plethysmography is a good candidate for monitoring body composition in new-borns and young infants, but reference centile curves are lacking that allow for assessment at birth and across the first six months of life. Objective: Using pooled data from four studies, we aimed to produce new charts for assessment according to gestational age at birth (30+1 to 41+6 weeks) and postnatal age at measurement (1 to 27 weeks). Design: The sample comprised 222 preterm infants bo...
1 CitationsSource
#1Muna J. Tahir (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 1
#2Jacob L. Haapala (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 5
Last. Ellen W. DemerathH-Index: 50
view all 13 authors...
Full breastfeeding (FBF) is promoted as effective for losing pregnancy weight during the postpartum period. This study evaluated whether longer FBF is associated with lower maternal postpartum weight retention (PPWR) as compared to a shorter FBF duration. The MILK (Mothers and Infants Linked for Healthy Growth) study is an ongoing prospective cohort of 370 mother–infant dyads, all of whom fully breastfed their infants for at least 1 month. Breastfeeding status was subsequently self-reported by m...
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#1Ghazaleh Sadr Dadres (UMN: University of Minnesota)
#2Kara M. Whitaker (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 8
Last. Ellen W. Demerath (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 50
view all 14 authors...
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#1Muna J. TahirH-Index: 1
#2Jacob L. HaapalaH-Index: 5
Last. Ellen W. DemerathH-Index: 50
view all 13 authors...
Maternal pregnancy nutrition influences fetal growth. Evidence is limited, however, on the relationship of maternal diet during pregnancy and lactation on infant postnatal growth and adiposity. Our purpose was to examine associations between maternal diet quality during pregnancy and lactation with offspring growth and body composition from birth to six months. Maternal diet quality was serially assessed in pregnancy and at one and three months postpartum, using the Healthy Eating Index–2015 in ...
2 CitationsSource
#1Muna J. Tahir (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 1
#2Jacob L. Haapala (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 5
Last. Ellen W. Demerath (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 50
view all 13 authors...
Objective: Postpartum weight retention increases the risk of future obesity and cardiovascular disease. Although exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) has been promoted as an effective means to lose gestat...
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#1Sani M. Roy (Children's Hospital of Philadelphia)H-Index: 7
#2David A. Fields (OU: University of Oklahoma)H-Index: 31
Last. Shana E. McCormack (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 7
view all 12 authors...
Objective To assess whether body mass index (BMI) provides a better assessment of measured adiposity at age 1 month compared with weight-for-length (WFL). Study design Participants were healthy term-born infants in the Infant Growth and Microbiome (n = 146) and the Baby Peas (n = 147) studies. Length, weight, and body composition by air displacement plethysmography were measured at 1 month. World Health Organization-based WFL and BMI z -scores were calculated. Within-cohort z -scores of percent ...
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