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Janine L. Brown
Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute
291Publications
47H-index
8,099Citations
Publications 294
Newest
#1Katie L. Edwards (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 6
#2Mark Pilgrim (Chester Zoo)H-Index: 3
Last.Susan L. Walker (Chester Zoo)H-Index: 12
view all 4 authors...
Abstract To achieve self-sustaining and genetically diverse populations ex situ, captive breeding programmes must ensure good overall rates of reproduction, and equal contribution across individuals. Previous research in the critically endangered eastern black rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis michaeli) revealed a high incidence of irregular oestrous cyclicity; in particular extended cycle duration among nulliparous females and acyclic periods in parous females that have not bred for several years. I...
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Salivary immunoglobulin A (sIgA) has been proposed as a potential indicator of welfare for various species, including Asian elephants, and may be related to adrenal cortisol responses. This study aimed to distinguish circadian rhythm effects on sIgA in male and female Asian elephants and compare patterns to those of salivary cortisol, information that could potentially have welfare implications. Subjects were captive elephants at an elephant camp in Chiang Mai province, Thailand (n = 5 males, 5 ...
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#1Taweepoke Angkawanish (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 6
#2Mirjam Nielen (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 39
Last.Victor P.M.G. Rutten (University of Pretoria)H-Index: 32
view all 9 authors...
Background Elephant endotheliotropic herpesviruses (EEHV) can cause an acute highly fatal hemorrhagic disease in young Asian elephants (Elephas maximus), both ex situ and in situ. Amongst eight EEHV types described so far, type 1 (subtype 1A and 1B) is the predominant disease-associated type. Little is known about routes of infection and pathogenesis of EEHV, and knowledge of disease prevalence, especially in range countries, is limited.
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#1Daniella E Chusyd (IU: Indiana University Bloomington)
#2Janine L. Brown (SCBI: Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute)H-Index: 47
Last.Steven N. Austad (UAB: University of Alabama at Birmingham)H-Index: 53
view all 8 authors...
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#1Pakkanut Bansiddhi (CMU: Chiang Mai University)H-Index: 3
#2Janine L. Brown (CMU: Chiang Mai University)H-Index: 47
Last.Chatchote Thitaram (CMU: Chiang Mai University)H-Index: 10
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Elephant camps are among the most popular destinations in Thailand for tourists from many countries. A wide range of management strategies are used by these camps, which can have varied impacts on health and welfare of elephants. The objectives of this study were to examine relationships between FGM (fecal glucocorticoid metabolite) concentrations and camp management factors (work routine, walking, restraint, rest area, foraging), and to other welfare indicators (stereotypic behaviors, body cond...
2 CitationsSource
#1P. Thuwanut (Chula: Chulalongkorn University)H-Index: 10
#2Janine L. Brown (SCBI: Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute)H-Index: 47
Last.Adrienne E. Crosier (SCBI: Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute)H-Index: 16
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Abstract Control of ovarian function in cheetahs is sub-optimal, which currently limits the integration of assisted reproductive techniques into the genetic management of that endangered species. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of preemptive progestin treatment on the quality of ovarian responses after exogenous gonadotropin stimulation in cheetahs. Adult females received either 1) 200 IU equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) followed with 3,000 IU porcine luteinizing hormo...
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#1Daniella E. Chusyd (UAB: University of Alabama at Birmingham)H-Index: 2
#2Janine L. Brown (Smithsonian Institution)H-Index: 47
Last.Tim R. Nagy (UAB: University of Alabama at Birmingham)H-Index: 42
view all 7 authors...
1 CitationsSource
#1Janine L. BrownH-Index: 47
#2Kathy CarlsteadH-Index: 21
view all 6 authors...
A recent large-scale welfare study in North America involving 106 Asian (Elephas maximus) and 131 African (Loxodonta africana) elephants at 64 accredited facilities identified links (i.e., risk factors) between zoo environmental factors and a number of welfare outcomes (stereotypic behavior, ovarian acyclicity, hyperprolactinemia, walking and recumbence, body condition, health status, serum cortisol). For this population of elephants, we used the same epidemiological methods to examine associati...
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#1Jared A. Stabach (SCBI: Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute)H-Index: 2
#2Stephanie A Cunningham (State University of New York at Purchase)
Last.Peter Leimgruber (Smithsonian Institution)H-Index: 28
view all 14 authors...
GPS collars have revolutionized the field of animal ecology, providing detailed information on animal movement and the habitats necessary for species survival. GPS collars also have the potential to cause adverse effects ranging from mild irritation to severe tissue damage, reduced fitness, and death. The impact of GPS collars on the behavior, stress, or activity, however, have rarely been tested on study species prior to release. The objective of our study was to provide a comprehensive assessm...
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