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Murray Webster
University of North Carolina at Charlotte
Social relationSociologyPsychologySocial scienceSocial psychology
70Publications
20H-index
1,732Citations
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Publications 66
Newest
#1Guillermina Jasso (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 34
#2Robert K. Shelly (OU: Ohio University)H-Index: 7
Last. Murray Webster (UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte)H-Index: 20
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Abstract This paper develops a unified framework for studying justice and impartiality – identifying six opportunities for impartiality, four for observers and two for allocators; generating the person-specific impartiality profile, including separate subprofiles for observer and allocator activities; and characterizing groups and societies by the impartiality profiles of their members. The immediate challenge is to measure the six kinds of impartiality. This paper takes a first step, focusing o...
1 CitationsSource
#1Murray WebsterH-Index: 20
#1Joseph BergerH-Index: 33
#2Murray WebsterH-Index: 20
Last. Susan J. RosenholtzH-Index: 2
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7 CitationsSource
#1Murray Webster (UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte)H-Index: 20
Source
#1Murray WebsterH-Index: 20
Abstract Purpose To review three theoretical research programs accounting for the spread of status beliefs and their effects on inequality, and to identify similarities and differences in scope and theoretical principles in the three. We describe suggestions for further research that we hope readers may wish to pursue. Methodology/approach We summarize recent theory and research, identify areas of overlap and dissimilarity, and show how certain research topics could extend understanding of the p...
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#2Murray Webster (UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte)H-Index: 20
Last. Lisa Slattery Walker (UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte)H-Index: 6
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Using double standards to judge job applicants can prevent the selection of qualified candidates who possess disadvantaged status characteristics. Experimental studies have shown that when assessors compare equally qualified women and men for jobs, the men are more likely to be recommended for hiring. We propose that the theoretical processes affecting choices by gender also will apply with candidates differentiated by race. We test that and other predictions using a modification of the applicat...
2 CitationsSource
Previous work by Webster and Rashotte (2010) experimentally tested a theory of behavior and performance expectations, and female and male participants acted quite differently in the experiment. Theories of status processes predict no differences in how women and men use status information. We replicated two conditions and added two more conditions to assess a plausible cause of gender effects here. New results do not show a gender difference. We also find that: (1) theoretical predictions are co...
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#1Murray Webster (UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte)H-Index: 20
#2Lisa Slattery Walker (UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte)H-Index: 6
Theories of Status Characteristics and Expectation States use those concepts to understand the development and maintenance of power and prestige inequality structures in task groups. Expectations, roughly equivalent to ideas of task ability, emerge through interaction or from inferences based on status; once they exist they determine all features of inequality structures. These theories describe how and why that happens. They also identify ways to intervene, either to overcome inequalities or to...
2 CitationsSource
#1Stuart J. Hysom (A&M: Texas A&M University)H-Index: 5
#2Murray Webster (UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte)H-Index: 20
Last. Lisa Slattery Walker (UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte)H-Index: 6
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We report a replication and extension of theory and experimental tests reported by Stuart J. Hysom. That earlier work added status value of rewards to established theories of status generalization processes. We extend that work to cases in which both the status positions of actors and the status value of their rewards function in status generalization. Overall experimental results show confirmation of the theory, but fine-grained analyses reveal some weaknesses in experimental operations. Beside...
2 CitationsSource
#1Lisa Slattery Walker (UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte)H-Index: 6
Last. Murray Webster (UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte)H-Index: 20
view all 3 authors...
Status generalization theories describe how society’s status advantages and disadvantages can structure group inequality and also can suggest ways to design interventions to overcome its undesirable effects. We address problems of interaction as affected by the status characteristic race, which often disadvantages black members of work teams. Following the lead of Goar and Sell, we devised mixed-race task groups of women aimed at equalizing influence over the groups’ decisions. In baseline group...
14 CitationsSource
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