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J. Bradford Jensen
Peterson Institute for International Economics
61Publications
30H-index
11.8kCitations
Publications 61
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This paper uses unique Finnish firm-level micro data on service imports, work- force composition, and firm characteristics to examine changes in employment composition and performance of Finnish service importers during a period of a significant increase in services imports (2002-2012). We use world service export supply shocks, which we allocate to firms based on their highly specialized service input structure, as an instrument to identify the impact of service offshoring. We find that firms t...
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Between the 2007 and 2012 Economic Censuses (EC), the count of franchise-affiliated establishments declined by 9.8%. One reason for this decline was a reduction in resources that the Census Bureau was able to dedicate to the manual evaluation of survey responses in the franchise section of the EC. Extensive manual evaluation in 2007 resulted in many establishments, whose survey forms indicated they were not franchise-affiliated, being recoded as franchise-affiliated. No such evaluation could be ...
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Executive SummarySince the 1990s, research and development (RD new R&D destinations such as India, China, and Israel look very different in the types of innovative activity being done there than older R&D destinations such as Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Japan. In this paper we will document three important phenomena: (1) the globalization of R&D by US MNCs, (2) the growing importance of software and IT to firm innovation, and (3) the rise of new R&D hubs and the differences ...
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#1Lee BranstetterH-Index: 25
Last.J. Bradford JensenH-Index: 30
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For decades, US multinational corporations (MNCs) conducted nearly all their research and development (R&D) within the United States. Their focus on R&D at home helped establish the United States as the unrivaled leader of innovation and technology advances in the world economy. Since the late 1990s, however, the amount of R&D conducted overseas by US MNCs has grown nearly fourfold and its geographic distribution has expanded from a few advanced industrial countries to many parts of the developi...
The location of US multinational foreign R&D has shifted significantly to include emerging markets in addition to traditional Western R&D hubs, resulting in two challenges for multinationals: (1) how to transfer knowledge across geographic distances, and (2) how to facilitate learning when local knowledge sources in given technological areas are inadequate. This paper argues that to overcome these challenges, multinationals utilize home country inventors on foreign affiliate inventor teams – and...
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We use detailed information from U.S. consumers' credit card purchases to provide the first large- scale description of the geography of consumption. We find that consumers' mobility is quite limited and document significant heterogeneity in the importance of gravity across sectors. We develop a simple model of consumer behavior, emphasizing the role of the durability/storability of products, to organize the main stylized facts. Heterogeneity in the storability of products across sectors generat...
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#1J. Bradford Jensen (Peterson Institute for International Economics)H-Index: 30
#2Dennis P. Quinn (Georgetown University)H-Index: 20
Last.Stephen Weymouth (Georgetown University)H-Index: 10
view all 3 authors...
This paper studies how international trade influences U.S. presidential elections. We expect the positive employment effects of expanding exports to increase support for the incumbent’s party, and job insecurity from import competition to diminish such support. Our national-level models show for the first time that increasing imports are associated with decreasing incumbent vote shares, and increasing exports correlate with increasing vote shares for incumbents. These effects are large and polit...
21 CitationsSource
#1Antoine Gervais (ND: University of Notre Dame)H-Index: 3
#2J. Bradford Jensen (Peterson Institute for International Economics)H-Index: 30
We develop a methodology for estimating the “tradability” of goods and services using data on U.S. establishments. Our results show that the average service industry is less tradable than the average manufacturing industry. However, there is considerable within-sector variation in estimated tradability and many service industries are as tradable as manufacturing. Tradable service industries account for a significant share of economic activity and workers employed in those industries have relativ...
14 CitationsSource
#1J. Bradford JensenH-Index: 30
#2Dennis P. QuinnH-Index: 20
Last.Stephen WeymouthH-Index: 10
view all 3 authors...
We apply insights from “new, new” trade theory to explain a puzzling decline in US firm antidumping (AD) filings in an era of persistent foreign currency undervaluations and increasing import competition. Firms exhibit heterogeneity both within and across industries regarding foreign direct investment (FDI). We propose that firms making vertical or resource-seeking investments abroad will be less likely to file AD petitions, and firms are likely to undertake vertical FDI in the context of curren...
42 CitationsSource
#1J. Bradford JensenH-Index: 30
#2Dennis P. QuinnH-Index: 20
Last.Stephen WeymouthH-Index: 10
view all 3 authors...
We study how integration in the global economy influences U.S. presidential elections. National-level (“macro”) voting studies of presidential elections have shown large effects of economic variables on incumbent party vote shares. We extend this work to consider the effects of trade, showing for the first time that increasing imports negatively affect incumbent vote share and increasing exports are associated in increasing vote shares for incumbents. The estimated effects are large and politica...
2 Citations
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