Elizabeth F. Loftus
University of California, Irvine
Publications 430
What does believing in repressed memory mean? In a recent paper in this journal, Brewin, Li, Ntarantana, Unsworth, and McNeilis (2019; Study 3) argued that when people are asked to indicate their belief in repressed memory, they actually think of deliberate memory suppression rather than unconscious repressed memory. They further argued that in contrast to belief in unconscious repressed memory, belief in deliberate memory suppression is not scientifically controversial. In this commentary, we s...
#1Henry Otgaar (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 19
#2Mark L. Howe (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 40
Last.Elizabeth F. Loftus (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 70
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Can purely psychological trauma lead to a complete blockage of autobiographical memories? This long-standing question about the existence of repressed memories has been at the heart of one of the m...
#1Gillian Murphy (UCC: University College Cork)H-Index: 7
#2Elizabeth F. Loftus (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 70
Last.Ciara M. Greene (UCD: University College Dublin)H-Index: 13
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The current study examined false memories in the week preceding the 2018 Irish abortion referendum. Participants (N = 3,140) viewed six news stories concerning campaign events—two fabricated and fo...
Autobiographical memory, its deficits, and its relationship to other aspects of memory, has become a topic of burgeoning research interest during the past fifteen years (Rubin, 1982; Conway, 1990; Conway, Rubin, Spinnler & Waagenaar, 1992). In this chapter, I propose to review findings where autobiographical memory shows deficits or anomalies — in retrograde amnesia, confabulation, delusional memory, and psychogenic amnesia. I will then try to relate these observations to the debate concerning s...
4 CitationsSource
#1Kimberley A. McClure (WIU: Western Illinois University)H-Index: 3
#2Katherine L. McGuire (WIU: Western Illinois University)H-Index: 2
Last.Elizabeth F. Loftus (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 70
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ABSTRACTSworn law enforcement officers (N = 151) were exposed to two different simulated lethal force encounters, a motorcycle-traffic-stop (MTS) and a workplace violence incident. Workplace violen...
#1Rebecca M. Nichols (NTU: Nanyang Technological University)H-Index: 5
#2Elizabeth F. Loftus (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 70
ABSTRACTDecades of research show that people are susceptible to developing false memories. But if they do so in one task, are they likely to do so in a different one? The answer: “No”. In the curre...
1 CitationsSource
#1Emily J. Urban (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)
#2Kevin J. Cochran (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 1
Last.Elizabeth F. Loftus (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 70
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How people remember feeling in the past informs future decisions; however, memory for past emotion is subject to a number of biases. Previous research on choice blindness has shown that people often fail to notice when they are exposed to misinformation about their own decisions, preferences, and memories. This type of misinformation can influence how they later remember past events. In the present study, we examined the memory blindness effect in a new domain: memory for pain. Participants (N =...
#1Bi Zhu (BNU: Beijing Normal University)H-Index: 11
#2Chuansheng Chen (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 50
Last.Gui Xue (BNU: Beijing Normal University)H-Index: 31
view all 9 authors...
Theoretical and computational models such as transfer-appropriate processing (TAP) and global matching models have emphasized the encoding–retrieval interaction of memory representations in generating false memories, but relevant neural mechanisms are still poorly understood. By manipulating the sensory modalities (visual and auditory) at different processing stages (learning and test) in the Deese–Roediger–McDermott task, we found that the auditory-learning visual-test (AV) group produced more ...
#1Cara LaneyH-Index: 15
#2Elizabeth F. LoftusH-Index: 70