Robert C. Fleischer
Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute
What is this?
Publications 264
#1R. Terry ChesserH-Index: 24
#2Morton L. IslerH-Index: 15
Last. Peter A. HosnerH-Index: 15
view all 10 authors...
#1Maya V. Rao (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)
#2Robert A. Rice (Smithsonian Institution)H-Index: 15
Last. Carly R. Muletz-Wolz (Smithsonian Institution)
view all 4 authors...
Coffea arabica is a highly traded commodity worldwide, and its plantations are habitat to a wide range of organisms. Coffee farmers are shifting away from traditional shade coffee farms in favor of sun-intensive, higher yield farms, which can impact local biodiversity. Using plant-associated microorganisms in biofertilizers, particularly fungi collected from local forests, to increase crop yields has gained traction among coffee producers. However, the taxonomic and spatial distribution of many ...
#1Haw Chuan Lim (GMU: George Mason University)
#1Haw Chuan Lim (GMU: George Mason University)H-Index: 2
Last. Frederick H. Sheldon (LSU: Louisiana State University)H-Index: 40
view all 7 authors...
Indochina and Sundaland are biologically diverse, interconnected regions of Southeast Asia with complex geographic histories. Few studies have examined phylogeography of bird species that span the two regions because of inadequate population sampling. To determine how geographic barriers/events and disparate dispersal potential have influenced the population structure, gene flow, and demographics of species that occupy the entire area, we studied five largely codistributed rainforest bird specie...
#1Katherine M. McClure (UCSC: University of California, Santa Cruz)
#2Robert C. Fleischer (SCBI: Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute)H-Index: 53
Last. A. Marm Kilpatrick (UCSC: University of California, Santa Cruz)H-Index: 42
view all 3 authors...
The introduction of non-native species and reductions in native biodiversity have resulted in substantial changes in vector and host communities globally, but the consequences for pathogen transmission are poorly understood. In lowland Hawai'i, bird communities are composed of primarily introduced species, with scattered populations of abundant native species. We examined the influence of avian host community composition-specifically the role of native and introduced species, as well as host div...
#1Rosemary G. Gillespie (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 39
#2Gordon M. Bennett (UCM: University of California, Merced)H-Index: 13
Last. Christopher Martin (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 47
view all 22 authors...
Adaptive radiation plays a fundamental role in our understanding of the evolutionary process. However, the concept has provoked strong and differing opinions concerning its definition and nature among researchers studying a wide diversity of systems. Here, we take a broad view of what constitutes an adaptive radiation, and seek to find commonalities among disparate examples, ranging from plants to invertebrate and vertebrate animals, and remote islands to lakes and continents, to better understa...
5 CitationsSource
#1Philip Lavretsky (UTEP: University of Texas at El Paso)H-Index: 9
#2Nancy Rotzel McInerney (SCBI: Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute)H-Index: 2
Last. Robert C. Fleischer (SCBI: Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute)H-Index: 53
view all 7 authors...
Along with manipulating habitat, the direct release of domesticated individuals into the wild is a practice used worldwide to augment wildlife populations. We test between possible outcomes of human-mediated secondary contact using genomic techniques at both historical and contemporary timescales for two iconic duck species. First, we sequence several thousand ddRAD-seq loci for contemporary mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) throughout North America and two domestic mallard types (i.e., known game-f...
1 CitationsSource
#1Christopher A. Whittier (Tufts University)H-Index: 9
#2Suzan Murray (SCBI: Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute)H-Index: 13
view all 11 authors...
ABSTRACT Across Africa, wild giraffes suffer from a variety of skin disorders of mostly unknown etiology. With their populations already threatened from anthropogenic factors, it is important to un...
#1Sara A. Kaiser (SCBI: Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute)H-Index: 8
#2Thomas E. Martin (UM: University of Montana)H-Index: 69
Last. Robert C. Fleischer (SCBI: Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute)H-Index: 53
view all 6 authors...
In cooperatively breeding animals, genetic relatedness among group members often determines the extent of reproductive sharing, cooperation and competition within a group. Studies of species for which cooperative behaviour is not entirely based on kinship are key for understanding the benefits favouring the evolution and maintenance of cooperative breeding among nonrelatives. In the cooperatively breeding chestnut-crested yuhina, Yuhina everetti, a songbird endemic to Borneo, we tested whether u...
#1Michael G. Campana (Smithsonian Institution)H-Index: 14
#2André CorveloH-Index: 1
Last. Robert C. Fleischer (Smithsonian Institution)H-Index: 53
view all 10 authors...
The Hawai'ian honeycreepers (drepanids) are a classic example of adaptive radiation: they adapted to a variety of novel dietary niches, evolving a wide range of bill morphologies. Here we investigated genomic diversity, demographic history, and genes involved in bill morphology phenotypes in 2 honeycreepers: the 'akiapola'au (Hemignathus wilsoni) and the Hawai'i 'amakihi (Chlorodrepanis virens). The 'akiapola'au is an endangered island endemic, filling the "woodpecker" niche by using a unique bi...
1 CitationsSource
#1Daniel T. Baldassarre (University at Albany, SUNY)H-Index: 9
#2Leonardo Campagna (Cornell University)H-Index: 14
Last. Christina Riehl (Princeton University)H-Index: 12
view all 8 authors...
Migratory birds generally divide the annual cycle between discrete breeding and nonbreeding ranges. Itinerant breeders, however, reproduce twice at different geographic locations, migrating between them. This unusual flexibility in movement ecology and breeding biology suggests that some species can rapidly modulate the conflicting physiological and behavioral traits required for migration and reproduction. The Phainopepla (Phainopepla nitens), a songbird of the southwestern USA, has long been s...