David B. Roy
Natural Environment Research Council
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Publications 286
#1Roberto J. Padovani (Ebor: University of York)
#2Andrew Salisbury (Royal Horticultural Society)H-Index: 4
Last. Chris D. Thomas (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 87
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Major environmental changes in the history of life on Earth have given rise to novel habitats, which gradually accumulate species. Human-induced change is no exception, yet the rules governing species accumulation in anthropogenic habitats are not fully developed. Here we propose that nonnative plants introduced to Great Britain may function as analogues of novel anthropogenic habitats for insects and mites, analysing a combination of local-scale experimental plot data and geographic-scale data ...
#1Jens Kattge (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 47
#2Gerhard Bönisch (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 24
Last. Christian Wirth (STRI: Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute)H-Index: 2
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Plant traits-the morphological, anatomical, physiological, biochemical and phenological characteristics of plants-determine how plants respond to environmental factors, affect other trophic levels, and influence ecosystem properties and their benefits and detriments to people. Plant trait data thus represent the basis for a vast area of research spanning from evolutionary biology, community and functional ecology, to biodiversity conservation, ecosystem and landscape management, restoration, bio...
17 CitationsSource
#1Martin Musche (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ)H-Index: 13
#2Mihai Adamescu (UB: University of Bucharest)H-Index: 6
Last. Stefan Klotz (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ)H-Index: 47
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Abstract Distributed environmental research infrastructures are important to support assessments of the effects of global change on landscapes, ecosystems and society. These infrastructures need to provide continuity to address long-term change, yet be flexible enough to respond to rapid societal and technological developments that modify research priorities. We used a horizon scanning exercise to identify and prioritize emerging research questions for the future development of ecosystem and soc...
2 CitationsSource
#1V. Pellissier (AU: Aarhus University)
#2Reto Schmucki (University of Paris)H-Index: 10
Last. Romain Julliard (University of Paris)H-Index: 39
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The European Union's Natura 2000 (N2000), is one of the largest international networks of protected areas. One of its aims is to secure the status of a pre-determined set of (targeted) bird and butterfly species. However, also non-target species may benefit from N2000. We evaluated how the terrestrial component of this network relates to the abundance of non-targeted, more common bird and butterfly species using data from long-term volunteer-based monitoring programs in 9,602 sites for birds and...
#1Charlotte L. Outhwaite (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 5
#2Gary D. PowneyH-Index: 11
Last. Nick J. B. Isaac (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 35
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Here, we determine annual estimates of occupancy and species trends for 5,293 UK bryophytes, lichens, and invertebrates, providing national scale information on UK biodiversity change for 31 taxonomic groups for the time period 1970 to 2015. The dataset was produced through the application of a Bayesian occupancy modelling framework to species occurrence records supplied by 29 national recording schemes or societies (n = 24,118,549 records). In the UK, annual measures of species status from fine...
1 CitationsSource
#1Callum J. Macgregor (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 3
#2Chris D. Thomas (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 87
Last. Jane K. Hill (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 56
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Advances in phenology (the annual timing of species’ life-cycles) in response to climate change are generally viewed as bioindicators of climate change, but have not been considered as predictors of range expansions. Here, we show that phenology advances combine with the number of reproductive cycles per year (voltinism) to shape abundance and distribution trends in 130 species of British Lepidoptera, in response to ~0.5 °C spring-temperature warming between 1995 and 2014. Early adult emergence ...
4 CitationsSource
#1Matthew P. Greenwell (University of Reading)
#2Tom Brereton (Butterfly Conservation)H-Index: 28
Last. Tom H. Oliver (University of Reading)H-Index: 25
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Understanding how environmental change affects ecosystem function delivery is of primary importance for fundamental and applied ecology. Current approaches focus on single environmental driver effects on communities, mediated by individual response traits. Data limitations present constraints in scaling up this approach to predict the impacts of multivariate environmental change on ecosystem functioning. We present a more holistic approach to determine ecosystem function resilience, using long‐t...
#1Tom A. AugustH-Index: 12
Last. David B. RoyH-Index: 62
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#1Emily B. Dennis (UKC: University of Kent)H-Index: 7
#2Byron J. T. Morgan (UKC: University of Kent)H-Index: 38
Last. Tom Brereton (Butterfly Conservation)H-Index: 28
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Abstract Multi-species indicators are widely used to condense large, complex amounts of information on multiple separate species by forming a single index to inform research, policy and management. Much detail is typically lost when such indices are constructed. Here we investigate the potential of Functional Data Analysis, focussing upon Functional Principal Component Analysis (FPCA), which can be easily carried out using standard R programs, as a tool for displaying features of the underlying ...
1 CitationsSource
#1Oliver L. PescottH-Index: 6
#2Kevin J. Walker (Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland)H-Index: 28
Last. David B. RoyH-Index: 62
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Volunteer-based plant monitoring in the UK has focused mainly on distribution mapping; there has been less emphasis on the collection of data on plant communities and habitats. Abundance data provide different insights into ecological pattern and allow for more powerful inference when considering environmental change. Abundance monitoring for other groups of organisms is well-established in the UK, e.g. for birds and butterflies, and conservation agencies have long desired comparable schemes for...
1 CitationsSource