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William D. Crano
Claremont Graduate University
PsychiatryDevelopmental psychologyPsychologyAttitude changeSocial psychology
158Publications
33H-index
4,488Citations
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Publications 149
Newest
#1Candice D. Donaldson (CGU: Claremont Graduate University)H-Index: 6
#2Jason T. Siegel (CGU: Claremont Graduate University)H-Index: 20
Last. William D. Crano (CGU: Claremont Graduate University)H-Index: 33
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Vested interest theory (VIT) predicts that perceived importance and hedonic relevance of an expected behavioral outcome affects attitude-behavior consistency. Applied to college students’ nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NUPS), the theory posits that persuasive information that weakens vested perceptions regarding assumed advantages of stimulant use will reduce usage intentions. The current study developed and experimentally assessed persuasive messages that targeted perceptio...
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#1William D. CranoH-Index: 33
#2Andrea L. RuybalH-Index: 1
1 CitationsSource
#1Andrea L. Ruybal (CGU: Claremont Graduate University)H-Index: 1
#2William D. Crano (CGU: Claremont Graduate University)H-Index: 33
Adolescent depression is associated with many negative outcomes, including elevated marijuana use. Although parental influences on adolescent depressive symptoms and marijuana use have been examined independently, their interrelation remains understudied. The current research investigates the hypothesis that lower levels of parental monitoring and warmth are inversely associated with adolescent depressive symptoms and marijuana use. A path analytic approach (N = 12,115) on data from a representa...
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#1Patricia L. WinterH-Index: 2
#2William D. CranoH-Index: 33
Last. Christopher S. LambH-Index: 2
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Despite an increasingly ethnically and racially diverse population in the United States (U.S.), growing evidence indicates that minorities are underrepresented in national forest visitation. Many reasons for continuing underrepresentation have been examined, involving research reaching back multiple decades. In the current study, a random sample of residents (n = 1977) from four large metropolitan statistical areas in California was involved in a telephone survey about forest visitation. Analysi...
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#1William D. Crano (CGU: Claremont Graduate University)H-Index: 33
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#1William D. Crano (CGU: Claremont Graduate University)H-Index: 33
#2Candice D. Donaldson (CGU: Claremont Graduate University)H-Index: 6
Last. Erin Keely O’Brien (CGU: Claremont Graduate University)H-Index: 3
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Abstract Introduction Attitudes of drug-abstinent youth considering marijuana initiation can be highly ambivalent. Invalidating pro-usage elements (i.e., opinions) of ambivalent marijuana attitudes, while leaving anti-marijuana elements intact, may create stronger, less ambivalent marijuana-resistant attitudes and lower usage intentions, while concurrently elucidating the role of ambivalence in persuasive prevention. Method From an initial pool of marijuana-abstinent middle-school students (N = ...
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Guided by vested interest theory, the impact of educating potential organ donors about the beneficial experiences afforded to families of deceased donors was assessed. Participants were informed ab...
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#1Jason T. Siegel (CGU: Claremont Graduate University)H-Index: 20
#2Candice D. Donaldson (CGU: Claremont Graduate University)H-Index: 6
Last. William D. Crano (CGU: Claremont Graduate University)H-Index: 33
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Background Vested interest (VI) has been found to enhance attitude-behavior consistency in several contexts. With an eye toward a potentially novel method of prevention (i.e., reducing perceived VI to minimize attitude-behavior consistency among those positively inclined toward psychotropic substance use), the current investigation explores whether VI moderates attitude-intention consistency regarding nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NUPS) and marijuana. Methods Emphasizing pr...
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#1Stefano Mastandrea (Roma Tre University)H-Index: 8
#2William D. Crano (CGU: Claremont Graduate University)H-Index: 33
The goal of the research was to determine whether artworks said to be created by famous artists were appreciated more than the same artworks attributed to nonfamous artists. Analysis indicated that the works attributed to famous artists were more appreciated than the identical works attributed to nonfamous artists: The works were liked more and judged more interesting and beautiful (all p values < .001). Participants (N = 309), all art nonexperts, also were willing to pay more to see the works i...
4 CitationsSource
#1William D. Crano (CGU: Claremont Graduate University)H-Index: 33
#2Eusebio M. Alvaro (CGU: Claremont Graduate University)H-Index: 21
Last. Jason T. Siegel (CGU: Claremont Graduate University)H-Index: 20
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The effectiveness of media-based campaigns to discourage psychoactive substance use (PSU) has come under severe question. This chapter outlines some of the many reasons for campaign failure. These include the nonoptimal choice of theoretical framework, failure to recognize the essential relation of persuasion in prevention, necessity to overcome resistance in all persuasive contexts, and need to construct communications that take advantage of the past 70 years of evidence-based research on commu...
1 CitationsSource
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