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William D. Crano
Claremont Graduate University
153Publications
32H-index
4,239Citations
Publications 153
Newest
Published on May 1, 2019in Addictive Behaviors2.96
William D. Crano32
Estimated H-index: 32
,
Candice D. Donaldson6
Estimated H-index: 6
+ 2 AuthorsErin O'Brien2
Estimated H-index: 2
Abstract Introduction Attitudes of drug-abstinent youth considering marijuana initiation can be highly ambivalent. Invalidating pro-usage elements (i.e., opinions) of ambivalent marijuana attitudes, while leaving anti-marijuana elements intact, may create stronger, less ambivalent marijuana-resistant attitudes and lower usage intentions, while concurrently elucidating the role of ambivalence in persuasive prevention. Method From an initial pool of marijuana-abstinent middle-school students ( N =...
Published on Apr 29, 2019in Journal of Health Psychology2.26
Jason T. Siegel19
Estimated H-index: 19
,
Danielle R. Blazek + 2 AuthorsWilliam D. Crano32
Estimated H-index: 32
Guided by vested interest theory, the impact of educating potential organ donors about the beneficial experiences afforded to families of deceased donors was assessed. Participants were informed ab...
Published on Jan 1, 2019in Drug and Alcohol Dependence3.47
Jason T. Siegel19
Estimated H-index: 19
(CGU: Claremont Graduate University),
Candice D. Donaldson6
Estimated H-index: 6
(CGU: Claremont Graduate University),
William D. Crano32
Estimated H-index: 32
(CGU: Claremont Graduate University)
Abstract Background Vested interest (VI) has been found to enhance attitude-behavior consistency in several contexts. With an eye toward a potentially novel method of prevention (i.e., reducing perceived VI to minimize attitude-behavior consistency among those positively inclined toward psychotropic substance use), the current investigation explores whether VI moderates attitude-intention consistency regarding nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (NUPS) and marijuana. Methods Emphasizing pr...
Published on Jan 1, 2019
William D. Crano32
Estimated H-index: 32
(CGU: Claremont Graduate University),
Eusebio M. Alvaro20
Estimated H-index: 20
(CGU: Claremont Graduate University),
Jason T. Siegel19
Estimated H-index: 19
(CGU: Claremont Graduate University)
The effectiveness of media-based campaigns to discourage psychoactive substance use (PSU) has come under severe question. This chapter outlines some of the many reasons for campaign failure. These include the nonoptimal choice of theoretical framework, failure to recognize the essential relation of persuasion in prevention, necessity to overcome resistance in all persuasive contexts, and need to construct communications that take advantage of the past 70 years of evidence-based research on commu...
Published on Jan 1, 2019in Empirical Studies of The Arts1.00
Stefano Mastandrea8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Roma Tre University),
William D. Crano32
Estimated H-index: 32
(CGU: Claremont Graduate University)
The goal of the research was to determine whether artworks said to be created by famous artists were appreciated more than the same artworks attributed to nonfamous artists. Analysis indicated that the works attributed to famous artists were more appreciated than the identical works attributed to nonfamous artists: The works were liked more and judged more interesting and beautiful (all p values < .001). Participants (N = 309), all art nonexperts, also were willing to pay more to see the works i...
Published on Jan 29, 2018
William D. Crano32
Estimated H-index: 32
,
Candice D. Donaldson6
Estimated H-index: 6
Published on Jan 2, 2018in Social Influence0.94
Jiin Jung2
Estimated H-index: 2
(CGU: Claremont Graduate University),
Aaron Bramson3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UNCC: University of North Carolina at Charlotte),
William D. Crano32
Estimated H-index: 32
(CGU: Claremont Graduate University)
AbstractThe present paper describes an agent-based model of indirect minority influence. It examines whether indirect minority influence can lead to social change as a function of cognitive rebalancing, a process whereby related attitudes are affected when one attitude is changed. An attitude updating algorithm was modelled with minimal assumptions drawing on social psychology theories of indirect minority influence. Results revealed that facing direct majority influence, indirect minority influ...
Published on Jul 21, 2017
Eusebio M. Alvaro20
Estimated H-index: 20
(CGU: Claremont Graduate University),
William D. Crano32
Estimated H-index: 32
(CGU: Claremont Graduate University)
Perez and Mugny (1987) extended the scope of minority influence research in a classic study that explicitly drew a distinction between in-group and out-group minority influence sources and their effects on majority acceptance. Their study also refocused the field from a social influence, perception-oriented view to a more dynamic persuasion, attitude-centric orientation. This paper reflects upon the generative nature of the original research, and that which followed, with a reflection on its imp...
Published on Jan 1, 2017
Stephen Miller2
Estimated H-index: 2
(CGU: Claremont Graduate University),
Jason T. Siegel19
Estimated H-index: 19
(CGU: Claremont Graduate University),
William D. Crano32
Estimated H-index: 32
(CGU: Claremont Graduate University)
Abstract The influence of parents’ behavior on their children’s cannabis use is the focus of this chapter. Cannabis is the most common illicit drug used by adolescents in the United States. Despite massive expenditures on prevention, cannabis usage rates among adolescents have remained stable over the last decade, and recent trends have shown a slight uptick in the number of 12–17 year olds experimenting with cannabis. Parental behaviors can attenuate usage. Research on factors that enhance posi...
Published on Jan 1, 2017in Psychology of Addictive Behaviors2.97
William D. Crano32
Estimated H-index: 32
,
Eusebio M. Alvaro20
Estimated H-index: 20
+ 1 AuthorsJason T. Siegel19
Estimated H-index: 19
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