Ben A. Woodcock
Natural Environment Research Council
BiodiversityEcologySpecies richnessAgroforestryBiology
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Publications 118
#1John W. Redhead (University of Reading)H-Index: 17
#2Gary D. Powney (NERC: Natural Environment Research Council)H-Index: 13
Last. Richard F. Pywell (NERC: Natural Environment Research Council)H-Index: 43
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Insects provide vital ecosystem services to agricultural systems in the form of pollination and natural pest control. However, there are currently widespread declines in the beneficial insects which deliver these services (i.e. pollinators and 'natural enemies' such as predators and parasitoids). Two key drivers of these declines have been the expansion of agricultural land and intensification of agricultural production. With an increasing human population requiring additional sources of food, f...
1 CitationsSource
#1Enrique Valencia (URJC: King Juan Carlos University)H-Index: 10
#2Francesco de Bello (CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)H-Index: 45
Last. Marc Estiarte (CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)H-Index: 46
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#1Arran GreenopH-Index: 3
Last. Ben A. WoodcockH-Index: 35
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Climate change poses a threat to global food security with extreme heat events causing drought and direct damage to crop plants. However, by altering behavioural or physiological responses of insects, extreme heat events may also affect pollination services on which many crops are dependent. Such effects may potentially be exacerbated by other environmental stresses, such as exposure to widely used agro-chemicals. To determine whether environmental stressors interact to affect pollination servic...
#1Rosalind F. Shaw (University of Exeter)H-Index: 7
#2Benjamin B. Phillips (University of Exeter)H-Index: 3
Last. Juliet L. Osborne (University of Exeter)H-Index: 42
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Maximising insect pollination of mass-flowering crops is a widely-discussed approach to sustainable agriculture. Management actions can target landscape-scale semi-natural habitat, cropping patterns or field-scale features, but little is known about their relative effectiveness. To test how landscape composition (area of mass-flowering crops and semi-natural habitat) and field-scale habitat (margins and hedges) affect pollinator species richness, abundance, and pollen deposition within crop fiel...
#1John W. RedheadH-Index: 17
#2Tom H. OliverH-Index: 28
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#1Julie DayH-Index: 6
#2Raman KumarH-Index: 2
Last. Carlos A. PeresH-Index: 90
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Abstract Agricultural pesticides are a key component of the toolbox of most agricultural systems and are likely to continue to play a role in meeting the challenge of feeding a growing global population. However, pesticide use has well documented and often significant consequences for populations of native wildlife. Although rigorous, regulatory processes for the approval of new chemicals for agronomic use do have limitations which may fail to identify real-world negative effects of products. He...
6 CitationsSource
#1Julie DayH-Index: 6
#2Raman KumarH-Index: 7
Last. Carlos A. PeresH-Index: 90
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#1Arran Greenop (Lancaster University)H-Index: 3
#2Andreas CeceljaH-Index: 1
Last. Richard F. PywellH-Index: 43
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Sentinel prey (an artificially manipulated patch of prey) are widely used to assess the level of predation provided by natural enemies in agricultural systems. Whilst a number of different methodologies are currently in use, little is known about how arthropod predators respond to artificially manipulated sentinel prey in comparison with predation on free-living prey populations. We assessed how attack rates on immobilized (aphids stuck to cards) and artificial (plasticine lepidopteran larvae mi...
4 CitationsSource
#1Ben A. WoodcockH-Index: 35
#2Michael P.D. Garratt (University of Reading)H-Index: 21
Last. Richard F. PywellH-Index: 43
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How insects promote crop pollination remains poorly understood in terms of the contribution of functional trait differences between species. We used meta-analyses to test for correlations between community abundance, species richness and functional trait metrics with oilseed rape yield, a globally important crop. While overall abundance is consistently important in predicting yield, functional divergence between species traits also showed a positive correlation. This result supports the compleme...
22 CitationsSource