Anna Kaale
Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences
PsychiatryInjury preventionTanzaniaPopulationMedicine
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Publications 7
#1Hellen SirilH-Index: 6
#2M. C. Smith Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 26
Last. Sylvia KaayaH-Index: 31
view all 9 authors...
BACKGROUND: Hope or hopefulness enhances coping and improves quality of life in persons with chronic or incurable illnesses. Lack of hope is associated with depression and anxiety, which impact negatively on quality of life. In Tanzania, where HIV prevalence is high, the rates of depression and anxiety are over four times higher among people living with HIV (PLH) compared to persons not infected and contribute annual mortality among PLH. Tanzania has a shortage of human resources for mental heal...
#1M. C. Smith Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 26
Last. Anna MinjaH-Index: 3
view all 15 authors...
BACKGROUND: Perinatal women accessing prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services are at an increased risk of depression; however, in Tanzania there is limited access to services provided by mental health professionals. This paper presents a protocol and baseline characteristics for a study evaluating a psychosocial support group intervention facilitated by lay community-based health workers (CBHWs) for perinatal women living with HIV and depression in Dar es Salaam. METHO...
1 CitationsSource
#1Allison P. Pack (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 4
#2Jayagowri Sastry (Monash University)
Last. Joy Noel Baumgartner (Duke University)H-Index: 9
view all 7 authors...
ABSTRACTResearchers and advocates have increasingly called for adolescent participation in clinical trials for new HIV prevention products, particularly adolescent girls in areas most affected by the epidemic. However, recent trials have highlighted the challenges for young women and adolescents to be able to effectively use new products that require daily dosing. This analysis provides a highly relevant context for this challenging environment by examining community members acceptability of ado...
#1Hellen Siril (MUHAS: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences)H-Index: 6
#2Anna KaaleH-Index: 3
Last. M. C. Smith Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 26
view all 9 authors...
AbstractAlthough a number of HIV prevention programs have been implemented, such as mass media campaigns, high rates of unprotected and concurrent sexual partnerships, as well as low uptake HIV testing and limited HIV knowledge, persist in Tanzania. We examined the effect and predicting factors of HIV prevention communication among people living with HIV (PLH) exposed to NAMWEZA intervention, and their at-risk social network members (NMs) Quantitative data were collected from 326 participants at...
#1Hellen Siril (MUHAS: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences)H-Index: 6
#2Sylvia Kaaya (MUHAS: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences)H-Index: 31
Last. Jim Todd (NIMR: National Institute for Medical Research)H-Index: 67
view all 10 authors...
Psychosocial factors have been linked with loss to follow-up (LTFU) and clinical outcomes among people living with HIV (PLH), however little is known about the effect of psychosocial support on LTFU among PLH in treatment and care. The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of NAMWEZA (“Yes, together we can”) friends’ psychosocial support intervention on clinical outcomes and LTFU among PLH. NAMWEZA is based on a novel program using “appreciative inquiry”, positive psychology approaches...
5 CitationsSource
#1Joy Noel Baumgartner (FHI 360)H-Index: 9
#2Sylvia Kaaya (MUHAS: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences)H-Index: 31
Last. Elizabeth E. Tolley (FHI 360)H-Index: 18
view all 6 authors...
Under-representation of female adolescents in HIV clinical trials may inhibit their access to future prevention technologies. Domestic violence, broadly defined as violence perpetrated by intimate partners and/or family members, may affect trial participation. This study describes violence in the lives of adolescents and young women in Tanzania, explores use of the Women’s Experience with Battering (WEB) Scale to measure battering, and examines the associations between battering and socio-demogr...
3 CitationsSource
Despite the disproportionate impact of HIV on women, and adolescents in particular, those below age 18 years are underrepresented in HIV prevention trials due to ethical, safety and logistical concerns. This study examined and compared the sexual risk contexts of adolescent women aged 15 17 to young adult women aged 18 21 to determine whether adolescents exhibited similar risk profiles and the implications for their inclusion in future trials. We conducted a two-phase, mixed-method study to asse...
6 CitationsSource