Paul Aveyard
University of Oxford
Randomized controlled trialPhysical therapySmoking cessationNicotine replacement therapyMedicine
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Publications 452
#1Brian D NicholsonH-Index: 7
#2Paul AveyardH-Index: 47
#1Nerys M. AstburyH-Index: 13
#2Kate E. TudorH-Index: 1
Last. Susan A. JebbH-Index: 75
view all 4 authors...
BACKGROUND: Trials have shown total diet replacement (TDR) programmes are safe and effective for weight loss in primary care. However, it is not clear whether participant characteristics affect uptake, attendance, or effectiveness of the programme. METHODS: We used data from 272 trial participants who were invited to participate in a clinical weight loss trial via a letter from their GP. We used a Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel analysis to assess whether accepting an invitation to participate in the tr...
#1Fiona DobbieH-Index: 10
#2Isabelle UnyH-Index: 4
Last. Linda BauldH-Index: 34
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Abstract Introduction Smokers have expressed concern about weight gain once they stop smoking and weight gain is a risk factor associated with smoking relapse. Nicotine in e-cigarettes, as well as vaping behaviour, may support smoking cessation by reducing weight gain. This study explored the factors that influence attitudes towards, and awareness of, e-cigarettes and weight control post smoking cessation. Methods Qualitative study involving focus groups with adults in the UK (n=58) who were eit...
#1Brian D Nicholson (University of Oxford)H-Index: 7
#2Willie Hamilton (University of Exeter)H-Index: 59
Last. Paul Aveyard (University of Oxford)H-Index: 47
view all 6 authors...
BACKGROUND: We aimed to understand the time period of cancer diagnosis and the cancer types detected in primary care patients with unexpected weight loss (UWL) to inform cancer guidelines. METHODS: This retrospective matched cohort study used cancer registry linked electronic health records from the UK's Clinical Practice Research Datalink from between 2000 and 2014. Univariable and multivariable time-to-event analyses examined the association between UWL, and all cancers combined, cancer site a...
1 CitationsSource
#1Elizabeth Morris (University of Oxford)H-Index: 2
#2Paul Aveyard (University of Oxford)H-Index: 47
Last. Susan A. Jebb (University of Oxford)H-Index: 75
view all 9 authors...
AIMS: Low-energy and low-carbohydrate diets may improve glycaemic control in people with diabetes, but trials have tested interventions that are delivered by specialists or used meal replacement products. As most people with diabetes are cared for in primary care, and total diet replacement programmes are not widely available, we examined the feasibility of a food-based low-energy, low-carbohydrate diet with behavioural support delivered by practice nurses for patients with type 2 diabetes. MATE...
#2Susan A. JebbH-Index: 75
Last. Nerys M. AstburyH-Index: 13
view all 4 authors...
BACKGROUND: Referral to weight loss programmes is the only effective treatment for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Clinicians should advise weight loss and screen for liver fibrosis using the Enhanced Liver Fibrosis (ELF) score. AIM: To examine if the ELF score changes with weight loss. DESIGN AND SETTING: Randomised controlled trial (ISRCTN85485463) in UK primary care during 2007-2008. METHOD: Adults with a BMI of 27-35 kg/m2 and >/=1 risk factor for obesity-related disease were rand...
#1Kerstin Frie (University of Oxford)H-Index: 2
#2Jamie Hartmann-Boyce (University of Oxford)H-Index: 22
Last. Paul Aveyard (University of Oxford)H-Index: 47
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BACKGROUND: Self-regulation for weight loss requires regular self-monitoring of weight, but the frequency of weight tracking commonly declines over time. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate whether it is a decline in weight loss or a drop in motivation to lose weight (using physical activity tracking as a proxy) that may be prompting a stop in weight monitoring. METHODS: We analyzed weight and physical activity data from 1605 Withings Health Mate app users, who had set a weight loss goal ...
#1Simon D. Kyle (University of Oxford)H-Index: 26
#2Claire D. Madigan (University of Oxford)H-Index: 6
Last. Ly-Mee Yu (University of Oxford)H-Index: 45
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Introduction Insomnia is a prevalent sleep disorder that negatively affects quality of life. Multicomponent cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is the recommended treatment but access remains limited, particularly in primary care. Sleep restriction therapy (SRT) is one of the principal active components of CBT and could be delivered by generalist staff in primary care. The aim of this randomised controlled trial is to establish whether nurse-delivered SRT for insomnia disorder is clinically and ...
#1Taylor Gmj. (University of Bath)
#1Gemma M J Taylor (University of Bath)H-Index: 5
Last. Alison Shaw (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 20
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Background: Smoking rates are significantly higher in people with mental health problems, compared to those without. Negative attitudes towards smoking cessation are widespread in inpatient settings towards patients with severe and enduring mental illness. It is not clear if the same attitudes operate in psychological services towards people with common mental illness. We aimed to understand the concerns and views that patients, therapists, and smoking cessation practitioners may have about inte...
#1Kate E. TudorH-Index: 1
Last. Paul AveyardH-Index: 47
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Introduction Statins reduce the incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cause few adverse effects. Half of patients prescribed statins discontinue treatment due to perceived intolerance. Placebo-controlled (blinded) n-of-1 trials have shown people with perceived intolerance that the statin does not cause adverse events and most resume treatment. However, blinded n-of-1 trials are impractical to deliver in routine practice. Tackling Statin Intolerance using n-of-1 trials (TaSINI) will test ...