Paul Aveyard
University of Oxford
Publications 432
#1J Graham (University of Oxford)
#2Kate Elizabeth Tudor (University of Oxford)H-Index: 1
Last.Amanda Daley (Lboro: Loughborough University)H-Index: 28
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Background Guidelines recommend that clinicians should make brief opportunistic behavioural interventions to patients who are obese to increase the uptake of effective weight loss programmes. The objective was to assess the effect of this policy on socioeconomic equity.
#1Philine S. Harris (University of Southampton)
#2Liz Payne (University of Southampton)H-Index: 6
Last.Michelle SutcliffeH-Index: 1
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Malnutrition (specifically undernutrition) in older, community-dwelling adults reduces well-being and predisposes to disease. Implementation of screen-and-treat policies could help to systematically detect and treat at-risk and malnourished patients. We aimed to identify barriers and facilitators to implementing malnutrition screen and treat policies in primary/community care, which barriers have been addressed and which facilitators have been successfully incorporated in existing interventions....
#1Gemma M J TaylorH-Index: 5
#2Paul Aveyard (University of Oxford)H-Index: 46
Last.Marcus R. Munafò (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 63
view all 8 authors...
People with depression/anxiety are twice as likely to smoke and are less responsive to standard tobacco treatments, leading to a reduced life expectancy of up to 13.6 years compared to people without depression/anxiety. However, this group of smokers is motivated to quit, and as a result of quitting smoking, their depression/anxiety is likely to improve. In England, people with depression/anxiety are referred to a primary care-based psychological therapies service known as ‘Improving Access to P...
#1Sarah Payne Riches (University of Oxford)H-Index: 1
#2Carmen Piernas (University of Oxford)H-Index: 12
Last.Susan A. Jebb (University of Oxford)H-Index: 75
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Background High salt intake is a risk factor for hypertension and cardiovascular disease. Reducing salt intake has been shown to reduce blood pressure. Despite population-level interventions, including product reformulation and public awareness campaigns, adult salt consumption in the UK still exceeds recommendations; this is primarily due to salt consumed in processed and pre-packaged foods. Moderate or high-intensity dietary advice to encourage individuals to reduce their salt intake has been ...
#1Victoria Whitelock (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 2
#2Inge Kersbergen (University of Sheffield)
Last.Eric Robinson (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 23
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Laboratory studies suggest that eating more ‘attentively’ (e.g. attending to food being eaten and recalling eating episodes) can reduce food intake among participants with both healthy weight and overweight. The aim of this trial was to assess whether a smartphone application that encourages a more attentive eating style reduces energy intake and promotes weight loss. In an open-label, single centre, parallel groups, individually randomised controlled trial, 107 adults with overweight/obesity in...
#1Lise RetatH-Index: 4
#2Laura PimpinH-Index: 10
Last.Rachna Begh (University of Oxford)H-Index: 11
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The Brief Intervention for Weight Loss Trial enrolled 1882 consecutively attending primary care patients who were obese and participants were randomised to physicians opportunistically endorsing, offering, and facilitating a referral to a weight loss programme (support) or recommending weight loss (advice). After one year, the support group lost 1.4 kg more (95%CI 0.9 to 2.0): 2.4 kg versus 1.0 kg. We use a cohort simulation to predict effects on disease incidence, quality of life, and healthcar...
#1Brian D Nicholson (University of Oxford)H-Index: 6
#2Paul Aveyard (University of Oxford)H-Index: 46
Last.Marites Derit (University of Oxford)H-Index: 44
view all 4 authors...
### What you need to know Unexpected weight loss presents a diagnostic challenge in primary care. It is associated with a wide range of benign and serious conditions (box 1).1 Box 1 ### Differential diagnosis for patients with unexpected weight loss1RETURN TO TEXT Weight loss may be missed or misattributed because of several factors (see box 2). Once it is detected, the uncertainty for clinicians is not about whether unexpected weight loss is a symptom of concern, it is about who should be inves...