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Arya Gaduh
University of Arkansas
22Publications
7H-index
163Citations
Publications 22
Newest
#1Samuel Bazzi (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 10
#2Arya Gaduh (UA: University of Arkansas)H-Index: 7
Last.Maisy Wong (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 6
view all 4 authors...
We use a population resettlement program in Indonesia to identify long-run effects of intergroup contact on national integration. In the 1980s, the government relocated two million ethnically diverse migrants into hundreds of new communities. We find greater integration in fractionalized communities with many small groups, as measured by national language use at home, intermarriage, and children's name choices. However, in polarized communities with a few large groups, ethnic attachment increase...
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#1Samuel BazziH-Index: 10
#2Arya GaduhH-Index: 7
Last.Maisy WongH-Index: 6
view all 4 authors...
Throughout history, many governments have introduced policies to unite diverse groups through a shared sense of national identity. However, intergroup relationships at the local level are often slow to develop and confounded by spatial sorting and segregation. We shed new light on the long-run process of nation building using one of history's largest resettlement programs. Between 1979 and 1988, the Transmigration program in Indonesia relocated two million voluntary migrants from the Inner Islan...
1 Citations
#1Samuel Bazzi (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 10
#2Arya GaduhH-Index: 7
Last.Maisy WongH-Index: 6
view all 4 authors...
We use a natural experiment in Indonesia to provide causal evidence on the role of location-specific human capital and skill transferability in shaping the spatial distribution of productivity. From 1979-1988, the Transmigration Program relocated two million migrants from rural Java and Bali to new rural settlements in the Outer Islands. Villages assigned migrants from regions with more similar agroclimatic endowments exhibit higher rice productivity and nighttime light intensity one to two deca...
25 CitationsSource
#2Samuel BazziH-Index: 10
Last.Maisy WongH-Index: 6
view all 4 authors...
The success of rural relocation and resettlement programmes may be dependent on the transferability of migrants’ skills and experiences to their destinations. New findings from an Indonesian study suggest that relocation programmes should consider providing agricultural extension services to ensure migrants adapt and cope in new environments.
#1Alexander D. Rothenberg (AN: RAND Corporation)H-Index: 9
#2Arya Gaduh (UA: University of Arkansas)H-Index: 7
Last.Sarah Weilant (AN: RAND Corporation)H-Index: 3
view all 8 authors...
This paper reviews competing theories about the causes of informality in developing countries and uses new data to determine which theory best explains the persistence and scale of Indonesia’s informal sector. Using nationally representative survey data on micro, small, and medium-sized firms, we find that most of Indonesia’s informal firms are very small, micro firms, with less than five employees. These firms pay low wages, are relatively unproductive when compared to large firms, are managed ...
10 CitationsSource
#1Nicholas BurgerH-Index: 12
#2Charina ChazaliH-Index: 2
Last.Sarah WeilantH-Index: 3
view all 6 authors...
Including micro firms, SMEs are responsible for more than 97 percent of total employment in Indonesia and represent 99 percent of all firms. The Indonesian government has tried to assist SMEs through programmes, such as subsidised credit, one-stop shops to lower business registration costs and government-sponsored trade fairs. However, there is little evidence on how effective these programmes are or on ways to improve government policies aimed at helping SMEs. We conducted structured interviews...
3 Citations
#1Arya Gaduh (UA: University of Arkansas)H-Index: 7
This study investigates how religion influences particularized and generalized trust as well as inter-group discrimination and tolerance in contemporary Indonesia. I combine the individual-level data of the latest round of the Indonesian Family Life Survey with the national census microdata and other nationally representative datasets to examine two sources of variation through which religion may influence these attitudes: individual religiosity and the community’s religious composition. Religio...
3 CitationsSource
#1Maisy WongH-Index: 6
#2Armida AlishjabanaH-Index: 2
Last.Amanda BeattyH-Index: 5
view all 8 authors...
How can we make schools work better? It is a question being asked around the world. Getting children to school is only the first step. From then on, there's a host of factors that can decide whether children will be able to learn. To start, schools need basic supplies and infrastructure and teachers have to show up and be prepared. But government promises to provide communities with the right educational services and infrastructure don't always lead to concrete changes, whether it's because fund...
#1Juan D. Carrillo (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 20
#2Arya Gaduh (UA: University of Arkansas)H-Index: 7
We use a laboratory experiment to explore dynamic network formation in a six-player game where link creation requires mutual consent. The analysis of network outcomes suggests that the process tends to converge to the pairwise-stable (PWS) equilibrium when it exists and not to converge at all when it does not. When multiple PWS equilibria exist, subjects tend to coordinate on the high-payoff one. The analysis at the single choice level indicates that the percentage of myopically rational behavio...
7 Citations
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