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Kevin Cowtan
University of York
80Publications
28H-index
41.5kCitations
Publications 80
Newest
#1Karsten Haustein (Environmental Change Institute)H-Index: 16
#2Friederike E. L. Otto (Environmental Change Institute)H-Index: 21
Last.Andrew Schurer (Edin.: University of Edinburgh)H-Index: 17
view all 10 authors...
AbstractThe early twentieth-century warming (EW; 1910–45) and the mid-twentieth-century cooling (MC; 1950–80) have been linked to both internal variability of the climate system and changes in exte...
1 CitationsSource
#1Stephan Lewandowsky (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 51
#2Kevin Cowtan (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 28
Last.Stefan Rahmstorf (University of Potsdam)H-Index: 63
view all 7 authors...
Source
#1Stephan Lewandowsky (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 51
#2Kevin Cowtan (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 28
Last.Stefan Rahmstorf (PIK: Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research)H-Index: 63
view all 7 authors...
6 CitationsSource
#1James S. Risbey (Hobart Corporation)H-Index: 38
#2Stephan Lewandowsky (Hobart Corporation)H-Index: 51
Last.Grant FosterH-Index: 4
view all 7 authors...
5 CitationsSource
Source
#1Mark Richardson (California Institute of Technology)H-Index: 8
#2Kevin Cowtan (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 28
Last.Richard J. Millar (Environmental Change Institute)H-Index: 11
view all 3 authors...
The Paris Agreement on climate change aims to limit 'global average temperature' rise to 'well below 2 °C' but reported temperature depends on choices about how to blend air and water temperature data, handle changes in sea ice and account for regions with missing data. Here we use CMIP5 climate model simulations to estimate how these choices affect reported warming and carbon budgets consistent with the Paris Agreement. By the 2090s, under a low-emissions scenario, modelled global near-surface ...
6 CitationsSource
#1Andrew Schurer (Edin.: University of Edinburgh)H-Index: 17
#2Kevin Cowtan (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 28
Last.Simon F. B. Tett (Edin.: University of Edinburgh)H-Index: 21
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In the 2015 UNFCCC Paris Agreement, article 2 expresses the target of “Holding the increase in global temperature to well below 2 °C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 °C … recognizing that this would significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change”1. Different interpretations of the precise meaning of the phrases ‘increase in global temperature’2 and ‘pre-industrial’3 could have large effects on mitigation requirements and corr...
13 CitationsSource
#1Kevin Cowtan (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 28
#2Robert Andrew RohdeH-Index: 11
Last.Zeke Hausfather (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 11
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Sea surface temperatures form a vital part of global mean surface temperature records. Historical observation methods have changed substantially over time from buckets to engine room intake sensors, hull sensors and drifting buoys, rendering their use for climatological studies problematic. There are substantial uncertainties in the relative biases of different observations which may impact the global temperature record. Island and coastal weather stations can be compared to coastal sea surface ...
2 CitationsSource
#1Kevin Cowtan (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 28
#2Jon Agirre (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 13
Refinement is a critical step in the determination of a model which explains the crystallographic observations and thus best accounts for the missing phase components. The scattering density is usually described in terms of atomic parameters; however, in macromolecular crystallography the resolution of the data is generally insufficient to determine the values of these parameters for individual atoms. Stereochemical and geometric restraints are used to provide additional information, but produce...
2 CitationsSource
#1Liz Potterton (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 4
#2Jon Agirre (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 13
Last.Marcin Wojdyr (RAL: Rutherford Appleton Laboratory)H-Index: 6
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The CCP4 (Collaborative Computational Project, Number 4) software suite for macromolecular structure determination by X-ray crystallography groups brings together many programs and libraries that, by means of well established conventions, interoperate effectively without adhering to strict design guidelines. Because of this inherent flexibility, users are often presented with diverse, even divergent, choices for solving every type of problem. Recently, CCP4 introduced CCP4i2, a modern graphical ...
51 CitationsSource
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