Sandra V. Loosli
Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
Developmental psychologyPsychologyCognitive psychologyWorking memoryInterference theory
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Publications 7
#1Josef M. Unterrainer (University of Freiburg)H-Index: 26
#2Benjamin Rahm (University of Freiburg)H-Index: 22
Last. Christoph P. Kaller (University of Freiburg)H-Index: 24
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ABSTRACTThe Tower of London (TOL) is probably the most often used assessment tool for planning ability in healthy and clinical samples. Various versions, including our proposed standard problem set...
#1Sandra V. LoosliH-Index: 5
#2Tobias Bormann (University of Freiburg)H-Index: 12
Last. Christoph P. KallerH-Index: 24
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Abstract Inhibition is not a unitary construct, as different inhibition-related functions have been disentangled. The present single-case study compares performance of a patient with bilateral lesions in the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) and anterior insula to healthy age-matched controls in different inhibition-related tasks. Particular focus was on the resolution of proactive interference that is supposed to rely on bilateral IFG and anterior insula. Two working memory tasks previously proven s...
#1Sandra V. Loosli (University of Freiburg)H-Index: 5
#2Benjamin RahmH-Index: 22
Last. Christoph P. Kaller (University of Freiburg)H-Index: 24
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Reliable performance in working memory (WM) critically depends on the ability to resist proactive interference (PI) from previously relevant WM contents. Both WM performance and PI susceptibility are subject to cognitive decline at older adult age. However, the behavioral and neural processes underlying these co-evolving developmental changes and their potential interdependencies are not yet understood. Here, we investigated PI using a recent-probes WM paradigm and functional MRI in a c...
4 CitationsSource
#2Christoph P. Kaller (University of Freiburg)H-Index: 24
Last. Benjamin RahmH-Index: 22
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Planning ability gradually increases throughout childhood. However, it remains unknown whether this is attributable to global factors such as an increased ability and willingness to inhibit premature, impulsive responding, or due to the availability of specific planning operations, such as being able to mentally plan ahead more steps (‘search depth’) or to derive a clear temporal order of goals by the task layout (‘goal hierarchy’). Here, we studied the development of planning ability with respe...
11 CitationsSource
#1Christoph P. Kaller (University of Freiburg)H-Index: 24
#2Sandra V. Loosli (University of Freiburg)H-Index: 5
Last. Michael Katzev (University of Freiburg)H-Index: 7
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Background Susceptibility to item-specific proactive interference (PI) contributes to interindividual differences in working memory (WM) capacity and complex cognition relying on WM. Although WM deficits are a well-recognized impairment in schizophrenia, the underlying pathophysiological effects on specific WM control functions, such as the ability to resist item-specific PI, remain unknown. Moreover, opposing hypotheses on increased versus reduced PI susceptibility in schizophrenia are both jus...
21 CitationsSource
#2Nina Ruh (University of Freiburg)H-Index: 5
Last. Christoph P. Kaller (University of Freiburg)H-Index: 24
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The development of planning ability in children initially aged four and five was examined longitudinally with a retest-interval of 12 months using the Tower of London task. As expected, problems to solve straightforward without mental look-ahead were mastered by most, even the youngest children. Problems demanding look-ahead were more difficult and accuracy improved significantly with age and over time. This development was strongly moderated by sex: In contrast to coeval boys, four year old gir...
8 CitationsSource
#1Sandra V. Loosli (University of Freiburg)H-Index: 5
#2Martin Buschkuehl (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 26
Last. Susanne M. Jaeggi (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 32
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The goal of this study was to investigate whether a brief cognitive training intervention results in a specific performance increase in the trained task, and whether there are transfer effects to other nontrained measures. A computerized, adaptive working memory intervention was conducted with 9- to 11-year-old typically developing children. The children considerably improved their performance in the trained working memory task. Additionally, compared to a matched control group, the experimental...
173 CitationsSource