Martin Vezér
Pennsylvania State University
Publications 5
#1Martin Vezér (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 3
#2Alexander M. R. Bakker (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 9
Last.Nancy Tuana (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 19
view all 4 authors...
Designing decision analytical models requires making choices that can involve a range of trade-offs and interactions between epistemic and ethical considerations. Such choices include determining the complexity of a model and deciding what types of risk will be assessed. Here, we demonstrate how model design choices can involve trade-offs between the epistemic benefits of representational completeness and simplicity, which interact with ethical considerations about fairness and human life. We il...
3 CitationsSource
#1Douglas L. Bessette (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 6
#2Lauren A. Mayer (AN: RAND Corporation)H-Index: 6
Last.Nancy Tuana (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 19
view all 7 authors...
Individuals use values to frame their beliefs and simplify their understanding when confronted with complex and uncertain situations. The high complexity and deep uncertainty involved in climate risk management (CRM) lead to individuals’ values likely being coupled to and contributing to their understanding of specific climate risk factors and management strategies. Most mental model approaches, however, which are commonly used to inform our understanding of people's beliefs, ignore values. In...
11 CitationsSource
#1Martin Vezér (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 3
The epistemology of studies addressing questions about historical and prehistorical phenomena is a subject of increasing discussion among philosophers of science. A related field of inquiry that has yet to be connected to this topic is the epistemology of climate science. Branching these areas of research, I show how variety-of-evidence reasoning accounts for scientific inferences about the past by detailing a case study in paleoclimate reconstruction. This analysis aims to clarify the logic of ...
1 CitationsSource
To study climate change, scientists employ computer models, which approximate target systems with various levels of skill. Given the imperfection of climate models, how do scientists use simulations to generate knowledge about the causes of observed climate change? Addressing a similar question in the context of biological modelling, Levins (1966) proposed an account grounded in robustness analysis. Recent philosophical discussions dispute the confirmatory power of robustness, raising the questi...
7 CitationsSource
#1Martin Vezér (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 3