Sahra Talamo
Max Planck Society
Radiocarbon datingGeologyPaleontologyArchaeologyDendrochronology
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Publications 111
#1Marieke Sophia van de Loosdrecht (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 2
#2Marcello A. Mannino (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 15
Last. Rita Radzeviciute (MPG: Max Planck Society)
view all 27 authors...
Southern Italy is a key region for understanding the agricultural transition in the Mediterranean due to its central position. We present a genomic transect for 19 prehistoric Sicilians that covers the Early Mesolithic to Early Neolithic period. We find that the Early Mesolithic hunter-gatherers (HGs) are a highly drifted sister lineage to Early Holocene western European HGs, whereas a quarter of the Late Mesolithic HGs ancestry is related to HGs from eastern Europe and the Near East. This indic...
#1K.A. Kolobova (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 3
#2Richard G. Roberts (UOW: University of Wollongong)H-Index: 62
Last. S. V. Markin (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 1
view all 16 authors...
Neanderthals were once widespread across Europe and western Asia. They also penetrated into the Altai Mountains of southern Siberia, but the geographical origin of these populations and the timing of their dispersal have remained elusive. Here we describe an archaeological assemblage from Chagyrskaya Cave, situated in the Altai foothills, where around 90,000 Middle Paleolithic artifacts and 74 Neanderthal remains have been recovered from deposits dating to between 59 and 49 thousand years ago (a...
1 CitationsSource
The Mousterian site of Grotta Reali (Rocchetta a Volturno, Molise, southern Italy), dated from between 50,940 and 40,370 cal BP, provides detailed information on the depositional dynamic and human occupation in southern Italy, and contributes to the international debate on technical behaviour at the end of the Mousterian. The site was discovered in 2001 and it was located in a small cave/shelter now partially quarried, on the backside of a tufa waterfall, at the edge of a large alluvial terrace,...
#1Helen Fewlass (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 1
#2Thibaut Tuna (AMU: Aix-Marseille University)H-Index: 4
Last. Sahra Talamo (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 23
view all 7 authors...
Radiocarbon dating archaeological bone typically requires 300–1000 mg material using standard protocols. We report the results of reducing sample size at both the pretreatment and 14C measurement stages for eight archaeological bones spanning the radiocarbon timescale at different levels of preservation. We adapted our standard collagen extraction protocol specifically for <100 mg bone material. Collagen was extracted at least twice (from 37–100 mg material) from each bone. Collagen aliquots con...
1 CitationsSource
#2Carlos TorneroH-Index: 2
Last. Florent RivalsH-Index: 25
view all 8 authors...
Dietary habits of the extinct Ursus spelaeus have always been a controversial topic in paleontological studies. In this work, we investigate carbon and nitrogen values in the bone collagen and dental microwear of U. spelaeus specimens recovered in Level 4 from Toll Cave (Moia, Catalonia, NE Iberian Peninsula). These remains have been dated to > 49,000 14C BP. The ability of both proxies to provide data on the diet of U. spelaeus at different times in the life-history (isotopes: average diet of l...
1 CitationsSource
#1Nicolas Zwyns (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 3
#2Cleantha H. Paine (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 1
Last. Jean-Jacques Hublin (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 58
view all 21 authors...
The fossil record suggests that at least two major human dispersals occurred across the Eurasian steppe during the Late Pleistocene. Neanderthals and Modern Humans moved eastward into Central Asia, a region intermittently occupied by the enigmatic Denisovans. Genetic data indicates that the Denisovans interbred with Neanderthals near the Altai Mountains (South Siberia) but where and when they met H. sapiens is yet to be determined. Here we present archaeological evidence that document the timing...
#1Helen Fewlass (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 1
#2Sahra Talamo (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 23
Last. Jiri Svoboda (Masaryk University)H-Index: 34
view all 12 authors...
Abstract The ritual human burials and scattered fragments of human bones excavated from Dolni Věstonice II and Pavlov I (Czech Republic) in the 20th century provide a large body of evidence on morphology and funerary practices in the Gravettian as well as the population history of European Homo sapiens during the Upper Palaeolithic. A series of radiocarbon dates on charcoal and animal bone places the occupation of the sites predominantly between 31,000–29,000 cal BP (Early-Evolved Pavlovian) but...
1 CitationsSource
#1Carley Crann (U of O: University of Ottawa)H-Index: 4
#2Anne-Martine Doucet (U of O: University of Ottawa)
Last. Sahra Talamo (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 23
view all 4 authors...
Abstract A quality control program was undertaken to test the merit of different techniques for the preparation of Late Pleistocene bone at the A.E. Lalonde AMS Laboratory in Ottawa (Canada). The samples studied here include a mammoth bone (S-EVA 2000) previously dated by other labs (Oxford, Kiel, Mannheim) with results ranging between 35,280 and 31,660 14C yr BP (n = 10), a bison bone (S-EVA 2001) previously dated between 47,300 and 40,200 14C yr BP (n = 9; Talamo and Richards, 2011), and our i...
#1SponheimerMatt (CU: University of Colorado Boulder)H-Index: 47
#2Christina M. Ryder (CU: University of Colorado Boulder)H-Index: 1
Last. Sahra Talamo (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 23
view all 6 authors...
Bone collagen is an important material for radiocarbon, paleodietary, and paleoproteomic analyses, but it degrades over time, making such analyses more difficult with older material. Collagen preservation between and within archaeological sites is also variable, so that much time, effort, and money can go into the preparation and initial analysis of samples that will not yield meaningful results. To avoid this, various methods are employed to prescreen bone for collagen preservation (e.g., %N, m...
2 CitationsSource
#1Adriana Moroni (UNISI: University of Siena)H-Index: 8
#2Giovanni Boschian (UniPi: University of Pisa)H-Index: 11
Last. Vincenzo Spagnolo (UNISI: University of Siena)H-Index: 4
view all 22 authors...
Abstract Most of the Middle Palaeolithic evidence of Central Italy still lacks a reliable chrono-cultural framework mainly due to research history. In this context Grotta dei Santi, a wide cave located on Monte Argentario, on the southern coast of Tuscany, is particularly relevant as it contains a very well preserved sequence including several Mousterian layers. Research carried out at this site in the last years (2007–2017) allowed for a preliminary estimation of its chronology based on a set o...
2 CitationsSource