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Marc Schramm
Utrecht University
15Publications
11H-index
937Citations
Publications 15
Newest
#1K. Bruns (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 1
#2Niels Bosma (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 27
Last.Marc Schramm (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 11
view all 4 authors...
In this paper, we propose a method by which the entrepreneurial ecosystem, if present, reveals itself in the data. We first follow the literature and define the entrepreneurial ecosystem as a multidimensional set of interacting factors that moderate the effect of entrepreneurial activity on economic growth. The quality of such an ecosystem, by its multidimensionality, is impossible to measure directly. But so defined, we argue that variation in entrepreneurial ecosystem quality should result in ...
16 CitationsSource
#1Han-Hsin ChangH-Index: 2
Last.Marc SchrammH-Index: 11
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We discuss recent empirical studies in Geographical Economics / New Economic Geography models. We focus on four main issues addressed in this literature: how market access affects factor mobility, how market access affects factor prices, how reductions in trade costs affect core-periphery dynamics, and the shock sensitivity of the spatial distribution of economic activity. In general, our overview finds strong empirical support for the main theoretical implications of the geographical economics ...
1 CitationsSource
#1K. Bruns (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 1
#2Niels Bosma (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 27
Last.Marc Schramm (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 11
view all 4 authors...
In this paper we present an alternative empirical strategy that sheds light on the importance of institutional quality for regional economic growth. The fundamental problem in this type of research is that institutional quality cannot be measured directly. Existing proxies are typically highly correlated with and endogenous to our dependent variable. We therefore propose a method that is akin to growth accounting, where we refer to the unexplained residual of a production function as total facto...
1 Citations
#1Maarten Bosker (EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam)H-Index: 14
#2Steven BrakmanH-Index: 31
Last.Marc Schramm (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 11
view all 4 authors...
China’s Hukou system poses severe restrictions on labor mobility. This paper assesses the consequences of relaxing these restrictions for China’s internal economic geography. We base our analysis on a new economic geography model. First, we obtain estimates of the important model parameters on the basis of information on 264 of China’s prefecture cities over the period 1999-2005. Second, and by using our estimation results as input, we simulate various long-run scenarios of China’s internal econ...
56 CitationsSource
#1E. Maarten Bosker (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 6
#2Steven Brakman (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 31
Last.Marc Schramm (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 11
view all 4 authors...
For reasons of analytical tractability, new economic geography (NEG) models treat geography in a very simple way: attention is either confined to a simple 2-region or to an equidistant multi-region world. As a result, the main predictions regarding the impact of e.g. diminishing trade costs are based on these simple models. When doing empirical or policy work these simplifying assumptions become problematic and it may very well be that the conclusions from the simple models do not carry over to ...
82 CitationsSource
#1Marc Schramm (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 11
#1Maarten Bosker (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 14
#2Steven BrakmanH-Index: 31
Last.Marc Schramm (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 11
view all 4 authors...
The empirical literature on city size distributions has mainly focused on the USA. The first major contribution of this paper is to provide empirical evidence on the evolution and structure of the West-German city size distribution. Using a unique annual data set that covers most of the 20th century for 62 of West-Germany's largest cities, we look at the evolution of both the city size distribution as a whole and each city separately. The West-German case is of particular interest as it has unde...
120 CitationsSource
#1Maarten Bosker (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 14
#2Steven Brakman (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 31
Last.Marc Schramm (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 11
view all 5 authors...
The evolution of city growth is usually studied for relatively short time periods. The rise and decline of cities is, however, typically a process that takes many decades or even centuries. In this article we study the evolution of Italian cities over the period 1300–1861. Using an existing data set, we perform panel estimations where the development of city size and urban patterns can be explained by various geographical, institutional and other determinants of city size for the period under co...
28 CitationsSource
#1E. Maarten Bosker (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 6
#2Steven Brakman (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 31
Last.Marc Schramm (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 11
view all 4 authors...
Many modern trade and growth models are characterized by multiple equilibria. In theory the analysis of multiple equilibria is possible, but in practice it is difficult to test for the presence of multiple equilibria. Based on the methodology developed by Davis and Weinstein (2004) for the case of Japanese cities and WWII, we look for multiple equilibria in a model of German city growth. The strategic bombing of Germany during WWII enables us to assess the empirical relevance of multiple equilib...
96 CitationsSource
#1E. Maarten BoskerH-Index: 6
#2Steven BrakmanH-Index: 31
Last.Marc Schramm (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 11
view all 5 authors...
The evolution of city growth is usually studied for relatively short time periods. The rise and decline of cities is, however, typically a process that takes many decades or even centuries. In this paper we study the evolution of Italian cities over the period 1300-1861. The first contribution of our paper is that we use various descriptive statistics on individual city sizes and the city-size distribution as a whole to highlight the main characteristics of Italy’s urban system such as the diffe...
7 Citations
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