Maarten Bosker
Utrecht University
Publications 19
#1Maarten BoskerH-Index: 14
#2Jane ParkH-Index: 1
Last.Mark RobertsH-Index: 5
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A variety of approaches to delineate metropolitan areas have been developed. Systematic comparisons of these approaches in terms of the urban landscape that they generate are however few. This paper aims to fill this gap. The paper focuses on Indonesia and makes use of the availability of data on commuting flows, remotely-sensed nighttime lights, and spatially fine-grained population, to construct metropolitan areas using the different approaches that have been developed in the literature. The a...
1 CitationsSource
#1Maarten Bosker (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 14
#2E. Buringh (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 12
Cities are the focal points of the world economy. This paper sheds new empirical light on their origins. Using a new dataset covering over 250,000 randomly selected potential city locations, and all actual cities during the period 800–1800, we disentangle the different roles of geography in shaping today’s European city system. We find that a location’s physical geography characteristics are the dominant determinants of its urban chances. Preferential location for water- or land-based transporta...
26 CitationsSource
#1Maarten Bosker (EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam)H-Index: 14
#2Uwe Deichmann (World Bank)H-Index: 27
Last.Mark Roberts (World Bank)H-Index: 5
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China has used two main spatial policies to shape its geographic patterns of development: restricted labor mobility through the Hukou residential registration system and massive infrastructure investment, notably a 96,000 kilometer national expressway network. This paper develops a structural new economic geography model to examine the impacts of these policies. Fitting the model to available data allows simulating counterfactual scenarios comparing each policy’s respective impact on regional ec...
5 CitationsSource
#1Maarten BoskerH-Index: 14
#2Uwe DeichmannH-Index: 27
Last.Mark RobertsH-Index: 8
view all 3 authors...
1 CitationsSource
#1Maarten Bosker (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 14
#2Joppe de Ree (World Bank)H-Index: 7
Civil wars critically hinder a country's development process. This paper shows that civil wars can also have severe international consequences. Anecdotal evidence highlights that civil wars sometimes spill over international boundaries. Using a more rigorous econometric approach we provide evidence that conflict spillovers are indeed quantitatively very important. Also, they are context dependent. Ethnicity in particular plays a key role in the spread of civil war. Only ethnic civil wars spill o...
32 CitationsSource
This paper empirically investigates why, between 800 and 1800, the urban center of gravity moved from the Islamic world to Europe. Using a large new city-specific data set covering Europe, the Middle East, and North Africa, we unravel the role of geography and institutions in determining long-run city development in the two regions. We find that the main reasons for the Islamic world's stagnation and Europe's long-term success are specific to each region: any significant positive interaction bet...
65 CitationsSource
#1Peter LanjouwH-Index: 37
#2Maarten BoskerH-Index: 14
Last.Alexander J. YeatsH-Index: 14
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This issue of the World Bank economic review includes the following topics of interest: is there a metropolitan bias? the relationship between poverty and city size in a selection of developing countries; impact of SMS-based agricultural information on Indian farmers; crises, food prices, and the income elasticity of micronutrients - estimates from Indonesia; economic geography and economic development in Sub-Saharan Africa; the decision to import capital goods in India: firms' financial factors...
2 Citations
#1Maarten Bosker (EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam)H-Index: 14
#2Steven BrakmanH-Index: 31
Last.Marc Schramm (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 11
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China’s Hukou system poses severe restrictions on labor mobility. This paper assesses the consequences of relaxing these restrictions for China’s internal economic geography. We base our analysis on a new economic geography model. First, we obtain estimates of the important model parameters on the basis of information on 264 of China’s prefecture cities over the period 1999-2005. Second, and by using our estimation results as input, we simulate various long-run scenarios of China’s internal econ...
56 CitationsSource
#1Jan Luiten van Zanden (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 27
#2E. Buringh (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 12
Last.Maarten Bosker (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 14
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Starting in Spain in the twelfth century, parliaments gradually spread over the Latin West. The paper quantifies the activity of medieval and early-modern parliaments, which also makes it possible to analyse the influence of this institutional innovation. In the early-modern period parliaments declined in influence in southern and central Europe and gained in importance in the Netherlands and Britain. From the sixteenth century onwards active parliaments, which function as constraints on the exe...
87 CitationsSource
#1Maarten Bosker (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 14
#2Harry Garretsen (UG: University of Groningen)H-Index: 38
Abstract Trade costs are a crucial element of New Economic Geography (NEG) models. Without trade costs there is no role for geography. In empirical NEG studies the unavailability of direct trade cost data calls for the need to approximate these trade costs by introducing a trade cost function. In doing so, hardly any attention is paid to the (implicit) assumptions and empirical consequences of the particular trade cost function used. Based on a meta‐analysis of NEG market access studies as well ...
33 CitationsSource