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Joseph M. Stubbersfield
Durham University
RecallPsychologyCognitive biasCultural transmission in animalsSocial psychology
7Publications
5H-index
74Citations
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Publications 7
Newest
#1Joseph M. Stubbersfield (Durham University)H-Index: 5
#2Lewis G. Dean (St And: University of St Andrews)H-Index: 5
Last. Catharine P. Cross (St And: University of St Andrews)H-Index: 10
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Moral stories are pervasive in human culture, forming the basis of religious texts, folklore, and newspaper articles. We used a linear transmission chain procedure to test three competing hypotheses: (1) that moral content in general is preferentially transmitted between individuals compared to non-moral content; (2) that negativity bias leads specifically to morally bad content being preferentially transmitted; and (3) that a bias towards pro-social information leads specifically to morally goo...
1 CitationsSource
#1Joseph M. Stubbersfield (Durham University)H-Index: 5
#2Jamshid J. Tehrani (Durham University)H-Index: 12
Last. Emma Flynn (Durham University)H-Index: 24
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Two potential forms of mutation in cultural evolution have been identified: ‘copying error’, where learners make random modifications to a behaviour and ‘guided variation’ where learners makes non-random modifications. While copying error is directly analogous to genetic mutation, guided variation is a specifically cultural process that does not have a close parallel in biological evolution. It has been suggested that the decision-making processes underlying intentional guided variation may prod...
3 CitationsSource
#1Ángel V. Jiménez (University of Exeter)H-Index: 1
#2Joseph M. Stubbersfield (Durham University)H-Index: 5
Last. Jamshid J. Tehrani (Durham University)H-Index: 12
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Abstract Rationale. Although vaccines are an invaluable weapon in combatting diseases, they are often surrounded by controversy. Vaccine controversies usually arise with the claims of some parents or doctors who link vaccines to harmful outcomes. These controversies often negatively affect vaccination coverage. Objectives This experiment simulated a vaccine controversy to understand which content features of vaccination-related information are well transmitted and how this transmission affects v...
3 CitationsSource
#1Joseph M. Stubbersfield (Durham University)H-Index: 5
#2Emma Flynn (Durham University)H-Index: 24
Last. Jamshid J. Tehrani (Durham University)H-Index: 12
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Recent research into cultural transmission suggests that humans are disposed to learn, remember, and transmit certain types of information more easily than others, and that any information that is passed between people will be subjected to cognitive selective pressures that alter the content and structure so as to make it maximally transmittable. This paper presents a review of emerging research on content biases in cultural evolution with relevance to the transmission of popular narratives. Thi...
4 CitationsSource
#1Joseph M. Stubbersfield (Durham University)H-Index: 5
#2Jamshid J. Tehrani (Durham University)H-Index: 12
Last. Emma Flynn (Durham University)H-Index: 24
view all 3 authors...
This study used urban legends to examine the effects of a cognitive bias for content which evokes higher levels of emotion on cumulative recall. As with previous research into content biases, a linear transmission chain design was used. One-hundred and twenty participants, aged 16–52, were asked to read and then recall urban legends that provoked both high levels and low levels of emotion and were both positively and negatively valenced. The product of this recall was presented to the next parti...
9 CitationsSource
#1Joseph M. Stubbersfield (Durham University)H-Index: 5
#2Jamshid J. Tehrani (Durham University)H-Index: 12
Last. Emma Flynn (Durham University)H-Index: 24
view all 3 authors...
This study uses urban legends to examine the effects of the social information bias and survival information bias on cultural transmission across three phases of transmission: the choose-to-receive phase, the encode-and-retrieve phase, and the choose-to-transmit phase. In line with previous research into content biases, a linear transmission chain design with 60 participants aged 18–52 was used to examine the encode-and-retrieve phase, while participants were asked to rank their interest in read...
29 CitationsSource
#1Joseph M. Stubbersfield (Durham University)H-Index: 5
#2Jamshid J. Tehrani (Durham University)H-Index: 12
In this study, we use computational methods for analyzing cultural transmission to examine the role of cognitive selection pressures on the evolution of narratives, the first use of computational phylogenetic analysis in the study of contemporary legends. It has been suggested that a number of biases in transmission may alter the content and structure of narrative so as to maximize how transmittable it is. One bias that has attracted much attention is Boyer's minimally counterintuitive (MCI) bia...
10 CitationsSource
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