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Michael D. Morecroft
University of Oxford
103Publications
35H-index
3,844Citations
Publications 103
Newest
#1Duncan N. L. Menge (Columbia University)H-Index: 19
#2Ryan A. Chisholm (NUS: National University of Singapore)H-Index: 15
Last.Sarayudh BunyavejchewinH-Index: 30
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Symbiotic nitrogen (N)-fixing trees can provide large quantities of new N to ecosystems, but only if they are sufficiently abundant. The overall abundance and latitudinal abundance distributions of N-fixing trees are well characterised in the Americas, but less well outside the Americas. Here, we characterised the abundance of N-fixing trees in a network of forest plots spanning five continents, ~5,000 tree species and ~4 million trees. The majority of the plots (86%) were in America or Asia. In...
#1Syed Adnan (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 1
#2Matti Maltamo (University of Eastern Finland)H-Index: 41
Last.Rubén Valbuena (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 12
view all 9 authors...
Reliable assessment of forest structural types (FSTs) aids sustainable forest management. We developed a methodology for the identification of FSTs using airborne laser scanning (ALS), and demonstrate its generality by applying it to forests from Boreal, Mediterranean and Atlantic biogeographical regions. First, hierarchal clustering analysis (HCA) was applied and clusters (FSTs) were determined in coniferous and deciduous forests using four forest structural variables obtained from forest inven...
#1Andrew J. Suggitt (University of Exeter)H-Index: 9
#2Robert J. Wilson (University of Exeter)H-Index: 32
Last.Richard Fox (Butterfly Conservation)H-Index: 33
view all 15 authors...
Protecting biodiversity against the impacts of climate change requires effective conservation strategies that safeguard species at risk of extinction1. Microrefugia allowed populations to survive adverse climatic conditions in the past2,3, but their potential to reduce extinction risk from anthropogenic warming is poorly understood3–5, hindering our capacity to develop robust in situ measures to adapt conservation to climate change6. Here, we show that microclimatic heterogeneity has strongly bu...
Aim: To examine the contribution of large-diameter trees to biomass, stand structure, and species richness across forest biomes. Location: Global. Time period: Early 21st century. Major taxa studied: Woody plants. Methods: We examined the contribution of large trees to forest density, richness and biomass using a global network of 48 large (from 2 to 60 ha) forest plots representing 5,601,473 stems across 9,298 species and 210 plant families. This contribution was assessed using three metrics: t...
#1Isobel Bramer (BU: Bournemouth University)H-Index: 1
#2Barbara J. Anderson (Landcare Research)H-Index: 23
Last.Amanda H. Korstjens (BU: Bournemouth University)H-Index: 18
view all 19 authors...
Abstract Most ecological studies of the effects of climate on species are based on average conditions above ground level (measured by meteorological stations) averaged across 100 km 2 or larger areas. However, most terrestrial organisms experience conditions in a much smaller area at the ground surface or within vegetation canopies, the climate of which can be very different to large-scale averages. Therefore, to accurately characterise the climatic conditions suitable for species, it is essenti...
#1Andrew J. Suggitt (University of Exeter)H-Index: 9
#2Philip J. Platts (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 17
Last.Anna B. Harper (University of Exeter)H-Index: 12
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Although the number of studies discerning the impact of climate change on ecological systems continues to increase, there has been relatively little sharing of the lessons learnt when accumulating this evidence. At a recent workshop entitled ‘Using climate data in ecological research’ held at the UK Met Office, ecologists and climate scientists came together to discuss the robust analysis of climate data in ecology. The discussions identified three common pitfalls encountered by ecologists: 1) s...
#1Jamie Alison (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 4
#2Simon J. Duffield (Natural England)H-Index: 6
Last.Jenny A. Hodgson (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 20
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Abstract Restoring intensive agricultural fields to species-rich semi-natural grassland could have profound effects on biodiversity and ecosystem services. However, only a minority of European agri-environment scheme funding is currently devoted to such measures (
#1James W. Pearce-Higgins (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 28
#2Colin M. Beale (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 22
Last.Malcolm Ausden (RSPB: Royal Society for the Protection of Birds)H-Index: 11
view all 23 authors...
It is important for conservationists to be able to assess the risks that climate change poses to species, in order to inform decision making. Using standardised and repeatable methods, we present a national-scale assessment of the risks of range loss and opportunities for range expansion that climate change could pose for over 3000 plants and animals. Species were selected by their occurrence in England, the primary focus of the study, but climate change impacts were assessed across Great Britai...
#1Tom H. Oliver (University of Reading)H-Index: 26
#2Simon Gillings (British Trust for Ornithology)H-Index: 9
Last.David B. RoyH-Index: 59
view all 8 authors...
Climate change is increasingly altering the composition of ecological communities, in combination with other environmental pressures such as high-intensity land use. Pressures are expected to interact in their effects, but the extent to which intensive human land use constrains community responses to climate change is currently unclear. A generic indicator of climate change impact, the community temperature index (CTI), has previously been used to suggest that both bird and butterflies are succe...
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