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Tilmann Betsch
University of Erfurt
99Publications
24H-index
2,337Citations
Publications 99
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2019in Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology1.83
Stefanie Lindow3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Erfurt),
Tilmann Betsch24
Estimated H-index: 24
(University of Erfurt)
Abstract Not all information is equally relevant for making good choices. Do children find it difficult to use information weights for an adaptive information search because of their insensitivity towards search costs? To address this question, we used an information-board game played either with or without search costs to compare decisions of 8- to 10-year-olds, 11- to 12-year-olds, and young adults. To assess the use of weights, we manipulated the weight-structure (high vs. low weight dispersi...
Published on Mar 15, 2018in Journal of Cognition and Development1.84
Stefanie Lindow3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Erfurt),
Tilmann Betsch24
Estimated H-index: 24
(University of Erfurt)
ABSTRACTIn many decision situations, individuals must actively search information before they can make a satisfying choice. In such instances, individuals must be aware of the fact that not all information may be equally relevant for the choice at hand—thus, individuals should weight information by its respective relevance. We compared children’s and adult’s decision-making in a child-friendly decision game. For each decision, participants received information on the content of 3 piggy banks on ...
Published on Feb 27, 2018in Frontiers in Psychology2.13
Anna Lang3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Erfurt),
Tilmann Betsch24
Estimated H-index: 24
(University of Erfurt)
We investigated whether children prefer feedback over stated probabilistic information in decision making. 6-year-olds’, 9-year-olds’, and adults’ decision making was examined in an environment where probabilistic information about choice outcome had to be actively searched (N = 166) or was available without search (N = 183). Probabilistic information was given before choices as predictions of cues differing in validity. The presence of outcome feedback was varied. Six-year-olds, but not nine-ye...
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Judgment and Decision Making2.25
Tilmann Betsch24
Estimated H-index: 24
,
Anne Lehmann2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 2 AuthorsAndreas Glöckner
Adaptive actors must be able to use probabilities as decision weights. In a computerized multi-attribute task, the authors examined the decisions of children (5--6 years, n = 44; 9--10 y., n = 39) and adults (21--22 y., n = 31) in an environment that fosters the application of a weighted-additive strategy that uses probabilities as weights (WADD: choose option with highest sum of probability-value products). Applying a Bayesian outcome-based strategy classification procedure from adult research,...
Published on Dec 1, 2017in Journal of Behavioral Decision Making1.79
Stefanie Lindow3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Erfurt),
Anna Lang3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Erfurt),
Tilmann Betsch24
Estimated H-index: 24
(University of Erfurt)
Weighted-additive (WADD) strategies require decision makers to integrate multiple values weighted by their relevance. From what age can children make choices in line with such a WADD-strategy? We compare multi-attribute decisions of children (6–7; 8–10; 11–12-year-olds) with adults in an open information-board environment without pre-decisional information search. In two experiments, we classify decision strategies based on individual choice patterns and find that in all age groups the majority ...
Published on Oct 30, 2017in Developmental Psychology3.34
Tilmann Betsch24
Estimated H-index: 24
(University of Erfurt),
Kirsten Wünsche (University of Erfurt)+ 2 AuthorsRachel Stenmans (University of Erfurt)
Published on Oct 1, 2017in Acta Psychologica1.59
Angela Rachael Dorrough3
Estimated H-index: 3
(MPG: Max Planck Society),
Andreas Glöckner28
Estimated H-index: 28
(MPG: Max Planck Society)
+ 1 AuthorsAnika Wille1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Erfurt)
Abstract To make decisions in probabilistic inference tasks, individuals integrate relevant information partly in an automatic manner. Thereby, potentially irrelevant stimuli that are additionally presented can intrude on the decision process (e.g., Sollner, Broder, Glockner, & Betsch, 2014). We investigate whether such an intrusion effect can also be caused by potentially irrelevant or even misleading knowledge activated from memory. In four studies that combine a standard information board par...
Published on Feb 1, 2016in Journal of Economic Psychology1.56
Johannes Leder2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Erfurt),
Tilmann Betsch24
Estimated H-index: 24
(University of Erfurt)
This paper presents an experimental study investigating the interplay of individuals’ other-regarding preferences and individuals’ risk attitude. Participants (N=120) had to make choices between a certain and risky payoff only for themselves (individual context) and choices in which the participants were paired with another randomly assigned participant who functioned as a passive recipient (interpersonal context). In the interpersonal context the risky option was beneficial for the other person...
Published on Jan 1, 2016in Developmental Psychology3.34
Tilmann Betsch24
Estimated H-index: 24
(University of Erfurt),
Anne Lehmann2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Erfurt)
+ 2 AuthorsMartin Schoemann1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Erfurt)
Adaptive decision making in probabilistic environments requires individuals to use probabilities as weights in predecisional information searches and/or when making subsequent choices. Within a child-friendly computerized environment (Mousekids), we tracked 205 children's (105 children 5-6 years of age and 100 children 9-10 years of age) and 103 adults' (age range: 21-22 years) search behaviors and decisions under different probability dispersions (.17;.33,.83 vs. .50,.67,.83) and constraint con...
Published on May 22, 2015in PLOS ONE2.78
Isabell Winkler4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Chemnitz University of Technology),
Madlen Glauer1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsPeter Sedlmeier19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Chemnitz University of Technology)
Previous studies that examined human judgments of frequency and duration found an asymmetrical relationship: While frequency judgments were quite accurate and independent of stimulus duration, duration judgments were highly dependent upon stimulus frequency. A potential explanation for these findings is that the asymmetry is moderated by the amount of attention directed to the stimuli. In the current experiment, participants' attention was manipulated in two ways: (a) intrinsically, by varying t...
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