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Sonja Opper
Lund University
69Publications
15H-index
776Citations
Publications 69
Newest
#1Håkan J. HolmH-Index: 13
#2Victor Nee (Cornell University)H-Index: 31
Last.Sonja OpperH-Index: 15
view all 3 authors...
Differences in strategic decision making between CEOs and other people are interesting since CEOs make important economic decisions and impact values and norms in society. Our study combines a large stratified random sample of 199 CEOs of medium-size firms with a carefully selected control group of 200 comparable people. All subjects participated in three different incentivized strategic games — Prisoner’s Dilemma, Chicken, Battle-of-the-Sexes. We report substantial and robust differences in bot...
1 CitationsSource
#1Fredrik Andersson (Lund University)H-Index: 14
#2Sonja Opper (Lund University)H-Index: 15
Last.Usman Khalid (University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus)H-Index: 3
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In China, a large private sector has evolved alongside a still sizeable state-owned sector that is subject to government control. Several studies have found that in this mixed economy, the private sector is economically more efficient than the state-owned sector. In this paper, we investigate whether private firms are also more carbon efficient than state-owned firms. Using a macroeconomic panel data model with provincial data from 1992 to 2010, we confirm that private firms emit less carbon dio...
2 CitationsSource
#1Victor Nee (Cornell University)H-Index: 31
#2Håkan J. Holm (Lund University)H-Index: 13
Last.Sonja Opper (Lund University)H-Index: 15
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Where does generalized trust—that is, the inclination to place trust in strangers—come from? Our claim is that in economic action, sources of generalized trust may not differ much from the sources ...
4 CitationsSource
#1Ronald S. Burt (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 54
#2Yanjie Bian (Xi'an Jiaotong University)H-Index: 22
Last.Sonja Opper (Lund University)H-Index: 15
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The strong ties known in China as guanxi can be distinguished by a high level of trust relatively independent of the surrounding social structure. Using network data from a stratified probability sample of 700 entrepreneurs citing 4664 contacts, we study guanxi relative to other relations to learn how much individual differences such as well-being, business differences, political participation and demographic factors matter for the guanxi distinction. Two findings stand out: First, the connectio...
11 CitationsSource
#1Sonja Opper (Lund University)H-Index: 15
#2Fredrik Andersson (Lund University)H-Index: 14
Are entrepreneurial cultures stable over time? In this paper, we use historical measures of the outgrowth of entrepreneurial culture in China and test whether these correlate with entrepreneurial activities today. We employ provincial panel data from China documenting the regional distribution of entrepreneurial activities during the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644) and the Qing Dynasty (1644–1912) and private firm activities in post-reform China (1992–2012). Our study finds a significant association be...
1 CitationsSource
#1Ronald S. Burt (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 54
#2Sonja OpperH-Index: 15
We trace the social networks around Chinese entrepreneurs back to their firm's founding to learn about the role early events play in the later success of a business. We use name generator questions paired with career history questions to identify ‘event contacts’ missed by the usual focus on current business. We draw four conclusions from interviews with a large, stratified random sample of entrepreneurs: (1) Relations with event contacts stand out for guanxi qualities of high trust relatively i...
18 CitationsSource
#1Sonja Opper (Lund University)H-Index: 15
#2Victor Nee (Cornell University)H-Index: 31
Last.Håkan J. HolmH-Index: 13
view all 3 authors...
In China, the strategic use of personal relationships is pervasive in transactions with government authorities as well as in inter-firm relations. Explanations as to when and why firms rely on guanxi emphasize a close link between organizational resources, environment and corporate strategic choices. Our study shifts attention to the importance of CEO preferences, specifically risk aversion, and suggests an investment theory of strategic reliance on personal relations to achieve organizational g...
29 CitationsSource
#2Sonja OpperH-Index: 15
That social capital matters in corporate lending relations is uncontested. While the literature has largely focused on the quality of dyadic firm-bank ties in explaining corporate credit access, we...
Source
#1Daniel DellaPosta (Cornell University)H-Index: 4
#2Victor Nee (Cornell University)H-Index: 31
Last.Sonja Opper (Lund University)H-Index: 15
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A parsimonious set of mechanisms explains how and under which conditions behavioral deviations build into cascades that reshape institutional frameworks from the bottom up, even if institutional innovations initially conflict with the legally codified rules of the game. Specifically, we argue that this type of endogenous institutional change emerges from an interplay between three factors: the utility gain agents associate with decoupling from institutional equilibria, positive externalities der...
12 CitationsSource
#1Fredrik Andersson (Lund University)H-Index: 14
#2Katarzyna Burzynska (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 3
Last.Sonja Opper (Lund University)H-Index: 15
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China’s banking sector is dominated by four distinct organizational forms: policy banks (PBs), state-owned commercial banks (SOCBs), joint stock commercial banks (JSCBs), and rural credit cooperatives (RCCs). Economic analyses have especially focused on the development of bank efficiency and profitability over time. The equally important question, which of China’s banking institutions promote economic growth, has not been explored using macroeconomic data. Our study uses a novel data set coverin...
7 CitationsSource
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