Christopher R. Sudfeld
Harvard University
MicronutrientRandomized controlled trialPediatricsPopulationMedicine
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Publications 102
#1Ajibola I. Abioye (Harvard University)H-Index: 8
#2Christopher T Andersen (Harvard University)H-Index: 3
Last. Wafaie W. Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 65
view all 4 authors...
People living with HIV (PLWHIV) are at high risk of anemia due to inadequate iron intake, HIV and opportunistic infections, and inflammation, and as a side effect of antiretroviral therapy. Though iron supplementation can reduce iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in the general population, its role in anemia and in the health of PLWHIV is unclear due to concerns that iron supplementation may increase HIV replication and risk of opportunistic infections. We systematically reviewed the evidence on indic...
#1Zhonghai ZhuH-Index: 4
#2Yue ChengH-Index: 11
Last. Lingxia ZengH-Index: 15
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We aimed to comprehensively examine the association of breast-feeding, types and initial timing of complementary foods with adolescent cognitive development in low- and middle-income countries. We conducted a prospective cohort study of 745 adolescents aged 10-12 years who were born to women who participated in a randomised trial of prenatal micronutrient supplementation in rural Western China. An infant feeding index was constructed based on the current WHO recommendations. Full-scale intellige...
#1Megan W. Bourassa (New York Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 11
Last. Stephen A. Vosti (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 28
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#1Filomena Gomes (New York Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 5
#2Megan W. Bourassa (New York Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 11
Last. Gilles Bergeron (New York Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 7
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Prenatal micronutrient deficiencies are associated with negative maternal and birth outcomes. Multiple micronutrient supplementation (MMS) during pregnancy is a cost-effective intervention to reduce these adverse outcomes. However, important knowledge gaps remain in the implementation of MMS interventions. The Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative (CHNRI) methodology was applied to inform the direction of research and investments needed to support the implementation of MMS interventions...
1 CitationsSource
#1Omar LwenoH-Index: 5
Last. Lindsay H. AllenH-Index: 61
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The effect of maternal multivitamin supplementation on breast milk vitamin B12 concentrations has not been examined in Tanzania, where the prevalence of maternal plasma B12 insufficiency is 25.6%. Multivitamins (containing 50 µg vitamin B12) or placebo were provided during pregnancy and in the postpartum period. Breast milk samples were collected at or around six weeks postpartum from 491 participants in a trial of multivitamins (NCT00197548). Linear and logistic regression models were used to e...
#1Omar Lweno (Ifakara Health Institute)H-Index: 5
Last. Wafaie W. FawziH-Index: 65
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OBJECTIVE: A recent trial of vitamin B12 supplementation among Indian children 6-30 months found no effect on the incidence of diarrhea and respiratory infections. These results differ with studies in adults that showed improvement of the immune response following treatment with vitamin B12. We sought to determine how the adequacy of vitamin B12 concentrations in breast milk could act as immune modulator and protect against the incidence of diarrhea and respiratory infections of children up to 1...
#1Sabina Mugusi (Harvard University)H-Index: 11
#2Abiy Habtewold (William Carey University)
Last. AklilluEleni (KI: Karolinska Institutet)H-Index: 35
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Efavirenz-based combination antiretroviral-therapy (cART) is the recommended regimen during tuberculosis (TB) therapy. In a multi-national parallel prospective-cohort study, we investigated the impact of population and pharmacogenetic variations for efavirenz pharmacokinetics, auto-induction, and immunologic outcome during antituberculosis treatment. A total of 921 treatment-naive HIV patients with (196 Ethiopians and 231 Tanzanians) or without TB co-infection (285 Ethiopians and 209 Tanzanians)...
#1M. C. Smith Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 26
Last. Anna MinjaH-Index: 3
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BACKGROUND: Perinatal women accessing prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services are at an increased risk of depression; however, in Tanzania there is limited access to services provided by mental health professionals. This paper presents a protocol and baseline characteristics for a study evaluating a psychosocial support group intervention facilitated by lay community-based health workers (CBHWs) for perinatal women living with HIV and depression in Dar es Salaam. METHO...
1 CitationsSource
ABSTRACTFew studies have examined health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among people living with HIV (PLWHIV) in Eastern Europe and Central Asia. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 180 PLWHI...
#1Anne Marie Darling (Harvard University)H-Index: 6
#2Bruno F Sunguya (MUHAS: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences)H-Index: 27
Last. David Guwattude (MUK: Makerere University)H-Index: 1
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OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate gender differences in nutritional status, dietary intake, physical activity and hand hygiene among adolescents from diverse geographical settings in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: This study utilised cross-sectional data from six countries (Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Ghana, Nigeria, Tanzania and Uganda) within the ARISE Adolescent Health Survey (n = 7625). Body mass index (BMI) was calculated using measured heights and weights, and z-scores were ...
2 CitationsSource