Jean-François Maystadt
Lancaster University
Publications 40
#1Jean-François Maystadt (Lancaster University)H-Index: 9
#2Kalle Hirvonen (IFPRI: International Food Policy Research Institute)H-Index: 11
Last.Joachim Vandercasteelen (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 3
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Most of the world's displaced people are hosted in low-income countries. Focusing on evidence from poor countries, we review the literature on the economic consequences of hosting refugees or inter...
#1Jean-François Maystadt (Lancaster University)H-Index: 9
#2Muhammad Kabir Salihu (ABU: Ahmadu Bello University)
Rule-based intergovernmental transfers are often presented as the panacea to avoid the manipulation of transfers for political motives. We question that assertion in the case of Nigeria, where these transfers are highly dependent on natural resources and likely to be subject to elite capture. In this article, we use oil windfalls as a source of exogenous variation in the political discretion an incumbent government can exert in rule-based transfers. Exploiting within-state variation between 2007...
#1Katharine J. Mach (Stanford University)H-Index: 24
#2Caroline M. Kraan (Stanford University)H-Index: 2
Last.Nina von Uexkull (Peace Research Institute Oslo)H-Index: 5
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Research findings on the relationship between climate and conflict are diverse and contested. Here we assess the current understanding of the relationship between climate and conflict, based on the structured judgments of experts from diverse disciplines. These experts agree that climate has affected organized armed conflict within countries. However, other drivers, such as low socioeconomic development and low capabilities of the state, are judged to be substantially more influential, and the m...
8 CitationsSource
#1Jean-François Maystadt (Lancaster University)H-Index: 9
#2Gilles Duranton (UPenn: University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 40
We exploit a 1991–2010 Tanzanian household panel to assess the effects of the temporary refugee inflows originating from Burundi (1993) and Rwanda (1994). We find that the refugee presence has had a persistent and positive impact on the welfare of the local population. We investigate the possible channels of transmission, underscoring the importance of a decrease in transport costs as a key driver of this persistent change in welfare. We interpret these findings as the ability of a temporary sho...
24 CitationsSource
Food insecurity is pervasive and highly seasonal in Ethiopia. In this study, we investigate the effect of seasonal food insecurity on child development. Exploiting the Young Lives Ethiopia dataset, we study the gender-specific impact of in utero exposure to seasonal food insecurity on cognitive development and the probability of being on the expected grade for children of age 8 up to 12. We find that at age 8 in utero exposure to food insecurity negatively affects cognitive development, only for...
#1Olivier Dagnelie (UNICAEN: University of Caen Lower Normandy)H-Index: 6
#2Anna Maria Mayda (Georgetown University)H-Index: 17
Last.Jean-François Maystadt (Lancaster University)H-Index: 9
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We investigate whether entrepreneurs in the network of refugees – from the same country of origin – help refugees enter the labor market by hiring them. We analyze the universe of refugee cases without U.S. ties who were resettled in the United States between 2005 and 2010. We address threats to identification due to refugees sorting into specific labor markets and to strategic placement by resettlement agencies. We find that the probability that refugees are employed 90 days after arrival is po...
2 CitationsSource
#1Michel Beine (University of Luxembourg)H-Index: 33
#2Luisito Bertinelli (University of Luxembourg)H-Index: 16
Last.Benteng Zou (University of Luxembourg)H-Index: 12
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Our research report employs the D4R data and combines it with several other sources to study one of the multiple aspects of integration of refugees, namely the mobility of refugees across provinces in Turkey. In particular, we employ a standard gravity model to empirically estimate a series of determinants of refugee movements. These include the standard determinants such as province characteristics, distances across provinces, levels of income, network effects as well as some refugee-specific d...
1 CitationsSource
#1Olivier Dagnelie (UNICAEN: University of Caen Lower Normandy)H-Index: 6
#2Giacomo De Luca (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 11
Last.Jean-François Maystadt (Lancaster University)H-Index: 9
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This paper documents the effects of the recent civil war in the Democratic Republic of Congo on mortality both in utero and during the first year of life. It instruments for conflict intensity using a mineral price index, which exploits the exogenous variation in the potential value of mineral resources generated by changes in world mineral prices to predict the geographic distribution of the conflict. Using estimates of civil war exposure on mortality across male and female newborn to assess th...
3 CitationsSource
#1Luca Marchiori (Central Bank of Luxembourg)H-Index: 7
#2Jean-François Maystadt (Lancaster University)H-Index: 9
Last.Ingmar Schumacher (École Polytechnique)H-Index: 13
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The role of environmentally induced income variability as a determinant of migration has been studied little to none. We provide a theoretical discussion based on a ‘risk aversion channel’ and an overview of the empirical literature on this. We also extend a previous empirical study on 39 sub-Saharan African countries with yearly data from 1960 to 2000 by including income variability and its weather determinants. Our findings lead us to acknowledge that, based on our dataset and methodology, inc...
2 CitationsSource