Martin D. S. Braine
New York University
Publications 41
#1Maria da Graça Bompastor Borges Dias (UFPE: Federal University of Pernambuco)H-Index: 9
#2Antonio Roazzi (UFPE: Federal University of Pernambuco)H-Index: 14
Last.Martin D. S. BraineH-Index: 19
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The mental-logic theoryis studies for conditional reasoning did not adress whether children make judgments that are consistent with the mental-logic procedural semantics for if. There were two experiments with six to 11 year old children and college students from Brazil and United States of America who were presented to syllogistic problems in different forms. The results show that school children, as well as adults, make judgments that were consistent with the mental-logic procedural semantics ...
#1Patricia J. Brooks (Emory University)H-Index: 28
#2Martin D. S. Braine (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 19
Abstract Children's comprehension of the universal quantifiers all and each was explored in a series of experiments using a picture selection task. The first experiment examined children's ability to restrict a quantifier to the noun phrase it modifies. The second and third experiments examined children's ability to associate collective, distributive, and exhaustive representations with sentences containing universal quantifiers. The collective representation corresponds to the “group” meaning (...
The past and present state of the empiricism-nativism issue is analysed. Empiricist philosophical doctrine («no innate ideas») distinguished idea from structure or mechanism. However, Chomsky's conception of innate linguistic universals erased this distinction. The elimination left would-be empiricists without a coherent and defensible position. I argue that the issue remains alive primarily because of tension between two scientific tasks that face students of development. One is to discover wha...
#1David P. O'Brien (CUNY: City University of New York)H-Index: 9
#2Martin D. S. Braine (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 19
Last.Yingrui Yang (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 2
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#1Martin D. S. Braine (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 19
#2Patricia J. Brooks (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 28
Last.Catherine S. Tamis-LeMonda (NYU: New York University)H-Index: 53
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This work aimed to reveal the thematic and grammatical role categories that are accessible to preschool children, and to determine how access to these categories changes with age. Three experiments explored categories associated with subjects of predicate adjectives and intransitive verbs, and with arguments of actional and experiential transitive verbs. A metalinguistic task was used in which children placed tokens on the objects in a picture according to the role they played in a sentence desc...