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Scott H. Fraundorf
University of Pittsburgh
27Publications
9H-index
300Citations
Publications 27
Newest
Abstract How do learners make decisions about how, what, and when to study, and why are their decisions sometimes ineffective for learning? In three studies, learners experienced a pair of contrasting study strategies (Study 1: interleaved vs. blocked schedule; Studies 2 & 3: retrieval practice vs. restudy) and rated their perceptions of each strategy before choosing one for future use. In all three studies, mediation analysis revealed that participants who perceived a strategy as more effortful...
Published on Jul 3, 2019in Language, cognition and neuroscience2.44
Lin Chen1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Pittsburgh),
Charles A. Perfetti73
Estimated H-index: 73
(University of Pittsburgh)
+ 2 AuthorsScott H. Fraundorf9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Pittsburgh)
ABSTRACTHow do skilled Chinese readers, accustomed to characters, process Pinyin, a phonemic transcription of Chinese? Does the orthography of Chinese characters become activated? In four experiments, native speakers first made a meaning judgment on a two-syllable word written in Pinyin. Immediately following, they responded to a character whose orthography sometimes was related to the character corresponding to the Pinyin. In Experiments 1 and 3, participant named the colour of the presented ch...
Published on Jun 18, 2019in Memory & Cognition1.95
Laura M. Morett5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UA: University of Alabama),
Scott H. Fraundorf9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Pittsburgh)
Cues to emphasis, such as beat gesture and contrastive pitch accenting, play an important role in constraining what comprehenders remember from a discourse. One possibility is that these cues are used in a purely bottom-up manner in which additional attention is devoted to emphasized material. Another possibility is that comprehenders use top-down expectations of what cues might be expected in the current communicative context, such that the absence of an expected cue may serve as an indicator t...
Published on Apr 18, 2019in Memory & Cognition1.95
Caitlin A. Rice1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Pittsburgh),
Natasha Tokowicz17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Pittsburgh)
+ 1 AuthorsTeljer L. Liburd1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Pittsburgh)
In this study we examined the interactions of context availability, polysemy, word frequency, and orthographic neighborhood variables during lexical processing. Context availability and polysemy interacted, in that words that were both lower in context availability and had fewer related senses were especially disadvantaged, as was originally reported by Tokowicz and Kroll (2007). Word frequency interacted with both polysemy and context availability, in that the effects of polysemy and context av...
Published on Apr 1, 2019in Psychological Bulletin16.41
Scott H. Fraundorf9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Pittsburgh),
Kathleen L. Hourihan9
Estimated H-index: 9
(MUN: Memorial University of Newfoundland)
+ 1 AuthorsAaron S. Benjamin25
Estimated H-index: 25
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)
Published on Mar 1, 2019in Applied Psycholinguistics1.76
Eun-Kyung Lee18
Estimated H-index: 18
,
Scott H. Fraundorf9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Pittsburgh)
Understanding alternatives to prominent information contributes to successful native language discourse comprehension. Several past studies have suggested that the way second language (L2) learners encode and represent an alternative set in L2 speech is not exactly native-like. However, because these studies involved contrastive pitch accents in running speech, these native language–second language differences may reflect the demands of comprehending running speech in L2 rather than intrinsic de...
Published on Oct 1, 2018in Journal of Memory and Language3.86
Ariel James2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign),
Scott H. Fraundorf9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Pittsburgh)
+ 1 AuthorsDuane G. Watson2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Vandy: Vanderbilt University)
Abstract There remains little consensus about whether there exist meaningful individual differences in syntactic processing and, if so, what explains them. We argue that this partially reflects the fact that few psycholinguistic studies of individual differences include multiple constructs, multiple measures per construct, or tests for reliable measures. Here, we replicated three major syntactic phenomena in the psycholinguistic literature: use of verb distributional statistics, difficulty of ob...
Published on Nov 1, 2017in Bilingualism: Language and Cognition2.70
Eun-Kyung Lee18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Yonsei University),
Scott H. Fraundorf9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Pittsburgh)
Contrastive pitch accents benefit native English speakers’ memory for discourse by enhancing a representation of a specific relevant contrast item (Fraundorf et al., 2010). This study examines whether and how second language (L2) listeners differ in how contrastive accents affect their encoding and representation of a discourse, as compared to native speakers. Using the same materials as Fraundorf et al. (2010), we found that low and mid proficiency L2 learners showed no memory benefit from cont...
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