M. C. Smith Fawzi
Harvard University
PsychiatryMental healthPopulationMedicineEnvironmental health
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Publications 94
#1Nelson C Malone (Harvard University)
#2Mollie M Williams (Harvard University)
Last. Nancy E. Oriol (Harvard University)H-Index: 17
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BACKGROUND: Mobile health clinics serve an important role in the health care system, providing care to some of the most vulnerable populations. Mobile Health Map is the only comprehensive database of mobile clinics in the United States. Members of this collaborative research network and learning community supply information about their location, services, target populations, and costs. They also have access to tools to measure, improve, and communicate their impact. METHODS: We analyzed data fro...
#1Rupinder Legha (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 5
#1Rupinder LeghaH-Index: 3
Last. Yoldie AlcindorH-Index: 4
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Background: The Zanmi Lasante Depression Symptom Inventory (ZLDSI) is a screening tool for major depression used in 12 primary care clinics in Haiti's Central Plateau. Although previously validated in a clinic-based sample, the present study is the first to evaluate the validity and clinical utility of the ZLDSI for depression screening in a school-based population in central Haiti. Methods: We assessed depressive symptoms in a school-based sample of transitional age youth (18-22 years; n = 120)...
#1Danielle Poole (Dartmouth College)H-Index: 8
#2Shirley Liao (Harvard University)H-Index: 2
Last. M. C. Smith Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 26
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Background: Despite the need for mental health surveillance in humanitarian emergencies, there is a lack of validated instruments. This study evaluated a sequential screening process for major depressive disorder (MDD) using the two- and eight-item Patient Health Questionnaires (PHQ-2 and PHQ-8, respectively). Methods: This study analyzed data collected during a cross-sectional survey in a Syrian refugee camp in Greece (n = 135). The response rate for each instrument was assessed, and response b...
#1Hellen SirilH-Index: 6
#2M. C. Smith Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 26
Last. Sylvia KaayaH-Index: 31
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BACKGROUND: Hope or hopefulness enhances coping and improves quality of life in persons with chronic or incurable illnesses. Lack of hope is associated with depression and anxiety, which impact negatively on quality of life. In Tanzania, where HIV prevalence is high, the rates of depression and anxiety are over four times higher among people living with HIV (PLH) compared to persons not infected and contribute annual mortality among PLH. Tanzania has a shortage of human resources for mental heal...
BACKGROUND: Rwanda has made substantial economic progress over the past two decades. However, evidence suggests that malnutrition among children remains high in spite of this progress. This study aims to examine trends and potential risk factors associated with childhood stunting from 2000 to 2015 in Rwanda. METHODS: Data for this study come from the 2000 to 2015 Rwanda's Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), a cross-sectional, population-based survey that is conducted every 5 years. Following p...
#1M. C. Smith Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 26
Last. Anna MinjaH-Index: 3
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BACKGROUND: Perinatal women accessing prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) services are at an increased risk of depression; however, in Tanzania there is limited access to services provided by mental health professionals. This paper presents a protocol and baseline characteristics for a study evaluating a psychosocial support group intervention facilitated by lay community-based health workers (CBHWs) for perinatal women living with HIV and depression in Dar es Salaam. METHO...
1 CitationsSource
#1Azan A. Nyundo (University of Dodoma)H-Index: 1
#2Adom Manu (University of Ghana)H-Index: 1
Last. M. C. Smith Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 26
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OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the burden of depression, suicidal ideation and suicidal behaviour amongst adolescents at sites in six sub-Saharan African countries and examine associated risk and protective factors. METHODS: Household-based cross-sectional study involving male and female adolescents ages 10-19 years. A total of 7,662 adolescents from eight sites in six countries participated in the survey. Three sites were urban: Dar es Salaam (Tanzania), Harar (Ethiopia) and Ibadan (N...
1 CitationsSource
#1Ayesha Sania (Columbia University)H-Index: 2
#2Christopher R. Sudfeld (Harvard University)H-Index: 21
Last. Wafaie W. Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 65
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Objective To determine the magnitude of relationships of early life factors with child development in low/middle-income countries (LMICs). Design Meta-analyses of standardised mean differences (SMDs) estimated from published and unpublished data. Data sources We searched Medline, bibliographies of key articles and reviews, and grey literature to identify studies from LMICs that collected data on early life exposures and child development. The most recent search was done on 4 November 2014. We th...
2 CitationsSource
#1M. C. Smith Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 26
#2Hellen SirilH-Index: 6
Last. Sylvia Kaaya (MUHAS: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences)H-Index: 31
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Introduction NAMWEZA is a novel intervention that focuses on preventing HIV and promoting sexual and reproductive health and rights by addressing underlying factors related to vulnerability of acquiring HIV, such as depression, intimate partner violence (IPV) and stigma. The goal of the study was to evaluate the effect of the NAMWEZA intervention on risk behaviour as well as factors potentially contributing to this vulnerability for people living with HIV and their network members. Methods A ste...
#1Hellen Siril (MUHAS: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences)H-Index: 6
#2Anna KaaleH-Index: 3
Last. M. C. Smith Fawzi (Harvard University)H-Index: 26
view all 9 authors...
AbstractAlthough a number of HIV prevention programs have been implemented, such as mass media campaigns, high rates of unprotected and concurrent sexual partnerships, as well as low uptake HIV testing and limited HIV knowledge, persist in Tanzania. We examined the effect and predicting factors of HIV prevention communication among people living with HIV (PLH) exposed to NAMWEZA intervention, and their at-risk social network members (NMs) Quantitative data were collected from 326 participants at...