Jan-Erik Vahlne
University of Gothenburg
Publications 33
In our award-winning 2009 article, we further developed the model that we originally presented in 1977. We observed that firms form relationships and that those relationships become networks, and thus in the end the business macro environment consists of networks of relationships between firms. Those relationships have far-reaching consequences, especially in terms of opportunity recognition and development. Since 2009, we have applied the Uppsala model to a number of different IB issues, most n...
2 CitationsSource
#1Jan-Erik Vahlne (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 19
#2Waheed Akbar Bhatti (University of Vaasa)H-Index: 6
The interplay between knowledge development and commitments is the driving force in the Uppsala internationalization process model. We perform a qualitative thematic analysis of longitudinal data, exploring how relationship knowledge development in supplier-customer relationships leads to commitments through opportunity identification. The results validate our claim that relationship knowledge development as a dynamic capability can influence the focal organization’s ability to over time, under ...
#1Jan-Erik Vahlne (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 19
#2Inge Ivarsson (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 12
Last.Claes G. Alvstam (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 9
view all 3 authors...
Purpose This paper aims to contribute to the debate concerning the asserted end of the globalization process. Design/methodology/approach This paper is a description of the evolution of all Swedish MNEs, the 50 largest companies and the ten truly global MNEs, building on data compiled by the authors, mainly from annual reports. Findings The largest Swedish MNEs have continued to globalize and have at the same time improved their financial performance during the period of study, 2010-2016. Practi...
3 CitationsSource
#1Jan-Erik Vahlne (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 19
#2Jan Johanson (Uppsala University)H-Index: 48
Abstract The original Uppsala model that was published in 1977 explains the internationalization process of firms. We have further developed the model several times in the intervening years. The present article is our latest effort: a general model of the evolution of the multinational business enterprise (MBE), from early steps abroad to being a global firm. The updated, augmented model explains MBE evolution in general, not only characteristics of the internationalization process in a narrow s...
57 CitationsSource
#1Jan-Erik Vahlne (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 19
#2Mattias Hamberg (Uppsala University)H-Index: 5
Last.Roger Schweizer (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 5
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Purpose Accentuating the concept of management under uncertainty in the Uppsala internationalization process model, the purpose of this paper is to develop a model for describing how managers act while keeping uncertainty at an acceptable level. Design/methodology/approach The authors perform two empirical studies to underpin the model they construct. First, a survey of 309 chief executive officers and chief financial officers in large, publicly listed international firms in the Nordic region on...
4 CitationsSource
#1Jan-Erik Vahlne (IBS: International Business School, Germany)H-Index: 19
#2Anna Jonsson (Lund University)H-Index: 10
Most current research argues that globalization of companies is a myth. In spite of this Swedish firms have managed to globalize successfully according to a study by Vahlne and Ivarsson (2014). On a general level this is because they managed to build strong advantages and learned to overcome barriers constituted by cultural, institutional and geographic distance. We elaborate on the expectation that organizational ambidexterity has explanatory power for profitable globalization. We perform case ...
27 CitationsSource
#1Inge IvarssonH-Index: 12
#2Claes G. AlvstamH-Index: 9
Last.Jan-Erik VahlneH-Index: 19
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In this study we analyze the role of colocation between research and development (R&D) and manufacturing for global technology development by multinational enterprises (MNEs). The extant literature suggests that the main strategic role of colocated R&D units is to locally adapt existing products and processes. However, data from 146 foreign R&D units of Sweden’s 17 largest manufacturing MNEs in 2013 show that they instead mainly develop new technology, not only for the local and regional markets...
8 CitationsSource
#1Jan JohansonH-Index: 48
#2Jan-Erik VahlneH-Index: 19
9 CitationsSource
#1Jan-Erik Vahlne (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 19
#2Inge Ivarsson (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 12
We define globalization as the geographical dispersion of multinational enterprises (MNEs)’ value chain, in combination with increased inter-regional coordination, and use detailed firm-level data to show that 12 of Sweden’s 17 largest manufacturing companies indeed are global. By developing a Globalization Process Model we theoretically argue, in contrast to much of the existing literature, that globalization may evolve to a more general phenomenon. The globalization process is tortuous as MNEs...
48 CitationsSource
#1Jan-Erik VahlneH-Index: 19
#2Jan JohansonH-Index: 48
Abstract In this paper we describe the evolution of the Uppsala model, which we see as a gradual substitution of economics-type assumptions with ones derived from the behavioral theory of the firm and from empirical studies of international firm behavior. We rely upon them to introduce a new version of the Uppsala model. To decrease the traditional focus on the activity of manufacturing and increase attention to the entrepreneurial and exchange activities of international companies, we renamed t...
7 CitationsSource