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ZHOUZhonghe
CretaceousPaleontologyJehol BiotaEnantiornithesBiology
163Publications
47H-index
6,767Citations
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Publications 168
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#1Min WangH-Index: 24
Last. ZHOUZhongheH-Index: 47
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The earliest record of the Ornithuromorpha, which includes crown birds, is currently known from the Early Cretaceous Jehol Biota in north-eastern China. Here we describe a new ornithuromorph bird, ...
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#1Jingmai K. O’Connor (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 26
#2ZHOUZhonghe (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 47
1 CitationsSource
#1Zhiqiang Yu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 2
#2Huaiyu He (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 20
Last. Rixiang Zhu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 53
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ABSTRACTThe Yanliao Biota is notable for producing rare and well-preserved Jurassic vertebrate fossils. Many discoveries in the Bawanggou section, northern Hebei Province have greatly enhanced our ...
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#1Alida M. Bailleul (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 8
#2Zhiheng Li (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 8
Last. ZHOUZhonghe (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 47
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The avian predentary is a small skeletal structure located rostral to the paired dentaries found only in Mesozoic ornithuromorphs. The evolution and function of this enigmatic element is unknown. Skeletal tissues forming the predentary and the lower jaws in the basal ornithuromorph Yanornis martini are identified using computed-tomography, scanning electron microscopy, and histology. On the basis of these data, we propose hypotheses for the development, structure, and function of this element. T...
2 CitationsSource
#1Takuya Imai (Fukui Prefectural University)
#1Takuya Imai (Fukui Prefectural University)H-Index: 2
Last. Zhonghe Zhou (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
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The Early Cretaceous basal birds were known largely from just two-dimensionally preserved specimens from north-eastern China (Jehol Biota), which has hindered our understanding of the early evolution of birds. Here, we present a three-dimensionally-preserved skeleton (FPDM-V-9769) of a basal bird from the Early Cretaceous of Fukui, central Japan. Unique features in the pygostyle and humerus allow the assignment of FPDM-V-9769 to a new taxon, Fukuipteryx prima. FPDM-V-9769 exhibits a set of featu...
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#1Amanda R. FalkH-Index: 9
Last. ZHOUZhongheH-Index: 47
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The Confuciusornithiformes represent the most stem-ward avian occurrence of an edentulous rostrum. Although a keratinous beak is widely considered to have covered the rostrum in confuciusornithiforms, this feature is almost never preserved, having been previously reported only in the holotype of Confuciusornis dui and the holotype of Eoconfuciusornis zhengi. This strongly contrasts with the widespread preservation of the keratinous sheaths that cover the manual and pedal ungual phalanges. Here, ...
1 CitationsSource
Last. ZHOUZhongheH-Index: 47
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#1Han Hu (UNE: University of New England (United States))H-Index: 1
#2Gabriele Sansalone (UNE: University of New England (United States))H-Index: 6
Last. ZHOUZhonghe (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 47
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Most living birds exhibit cranial kinesis—movement between the rostrum and braincase—in which force is transferred through the palatal and jugal bars. The palate alone distinguishes the Paleognathae from the Neognathae, with cranial kinesis more developed in neognaths. Most previous palatal studies were based on 2D data and rarely incorporated data from stem birds despite great interest in their kinetic abilities. Here we reconstruct the vomer of the Early Cretaceous stem bird Sapeornis and the ...
1 CitationsSource
We report a new small enantiornithine, Shangyang graciles gen. et sp. nov., based on a nearly complete and articulated skeleton from the Lower Cretaceous Jiufotang Formation of Liaoning Province, north-eastern China. Shangyang has premaxillae that are completely fused rostrally as well as along the frontal processes, a previously unrecognized condition in Early Cretaceous birds. As in three other enantiornithine taxa, Shangyang preserves a pair of craniolateral processes in the sternum. Phylogen...
2 CitationsSource
#1Jingmai K. O’Connor (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 26
#2Xiaoting Zheng (LYU: Linyi University)H-Index: 15
Last. ZHOUZhonghe (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 47
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Summary Direct indicators of diet and predator-prey relationships are exceedingly rare in the fossil record [ 1 , 2 ]. However, it is through such traces that we can best understand trophic interactions in ancient ecosystems [ 3 ], confirm dietary inferences derived from skeletal morphologies [ 4 ], and clarify behavioral and ecological interpretations [ 5 ]. Here, we identify a previously unrecognized lizard species in the abdomen of a specimen of Microraptor zhaoianus , a small, volant dromaeo...
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