Background Topical anaesthesia is important to optimize pain control during dental injection. Our aim was to describe a new simple method for topical anaesthesia of oral mucosa and to compare the effectiveness of ice and lidocaine 5% gel for topical anaesthesia of oral mucosa.
AbstractTwo recent studies suggest that experimental pain sensitivity is associated with low-grade systemic inflammation. However, only two biomarkers have been identified and the studies were conducted in adult individuals where confounding effects of comorbid diseases cannot be excluded. We theref
Based largely on the so-called problem of “asymmetry in concept application”, philosopher Murat Aydede has argued for a non-perceptual view of pain. Aydede is of course not denying basic neurobiological facts about neurons, action potentials, and the like, but he nonetheless makes a strong philosophical case for pain not being the perception of something extramental. In the present paper, after having stated some of the presuppositions I hold as a physician and pain researcher, and after having ...
Abstract:Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress' (B&C) book Principles of Biomedical Ethics is well known for its four-principle approach to biomedical ethics. However, the authors also emphasize the importance of the virtues of health care personnel. After a short overview of virtue ethics, the fi