J. Vernon Henderson
London School of Economics and Political Science
Publications 158
Many African countries are urbanising rapidly despite limited growth in manufacturing. Although other sectors could spur job creation and development, much like manufacturing, they need active public policy to support urban connectivity and business scale. Although the growth of cities in Africa has been closely linked to rising incomes across the continent, many countries have rapidly urbanised without the same gains in economic growth and poverty reduction that have been seen elsewhere. One po...
#1J. Vernon HendersonH-Index: 54
#2Adam StoreygardH-Index: 14
Last.David N. WeilH-Index: 43
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#1Sarah ColenbranderH-Index: 8
#2Leah LazerH-Index: 1
Last.Samantha SmithH-Index: 1
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This report, a collaborative effort of more than 50 organisations brought together by the Coalition for Urban Transitions, outlines the immense social and economic benefits of creating compact, connected and clean cities with net-zero emissions, and presents a clear six-part action plan for national governments around the world. Zero-carbon cities offer a powerful lever to secure economic prosperity and boost living standards across a country – all while tackling the climate crisis. City governm...
1 Citations
Agglomeration economies are at the heart of urban economics, driving the existence and extent of cities and are central to structural transformation and the urbanization process. This paper evaluates the use of different measures of economic density in assessing urban agglomeration effects, by examining how well they explain household income differences across cities and neighborhoods in six African countries. The paper examines simple scale and density measures and more nuanced ones that captur...
1 CitationsSource
#1J. Vernon Henderson (LSE: London School of Economics and Political Science)H-Index: 54
#2Sebastian Kriticos (Centre for Economic Performance)H-Index: 1
Sub-Saharan Africa has experienced high urban population growth over the past half century, dramatically reshaping the economic and spatial profile of the region. Simultaneously, this process has challenged the conventional view that countries urbanize alongside structural transformation, as urbanization in Africa has occurred despite low productivity gains in agriculture and very limited industrialization. While there are large household income gaps between urban and rural areas that induce mig...
2 CitationsSource
#1Nathaniel Baum-Snow (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 15
#2J. Vernon Henderson (LSE: London School of Economics and Political Science)H-Index: 54
Last.Loren Brandt (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 31
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Abstract We investigate the effects of the recently constructed Chinese national highway system on local economic outcomes. On average, roads that improve access to local markets have small or negative effects on prefecture economic activity and population. However, these averages mask a distinct pattern of winners and losers. With better regional highways, economic output and population increase in regional primates at the expense of hinterland prefectures. Highways also affect patterns of spec...
4 CitationsSource
#1J. Vernon Henderson (LSE: London School of Economics and Political Science)H-Index: 54
#2Tim L. Squires ( 1
Last.David N. Weil (NBER: National Bureau of Economic Research)H-Index: 43
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We study the distribution of economic activity, as proxied by lights at night, across 250,000 grid cells of average area 560 square kilometres. We first document that nearly half of the variation can be explained by a parsimonious set of physical geography attributes. A full set of country indicators only explains a further 10%. When we divide geographic characteristics into two groups, those primarily important for agriculture and those primarily important for trade, we find that the agricultur...
32 CitationsSource
Differential institutions imposed during colonial rule continue to affect the spatial structure and urban interactions in African cities. Based on a sample of 318 cities across 28 countries using satellite data on built cover over time, Anglophone origin cities sprawl compared to Francophone ones. Anglophone cities have less intense land use and more irregular layout in the older colonial portions of cities, and more leapfrog development at the extensive margin. Results are impervious to a borde...
4 Citations
We investigate how the configurations of urban railroads and highways have influenced urban form in Chinese cities since 1990. Each radial highway displaces at least 5 percent of central city population to surrounding regions and ring roads displace an additional 20 percent. Each radial railroad displaces 26 percent of central city industrial GDP with ring roads displacing an additional 50 percent. Products with high weight-to-value ratios appear unresponsive to transport changes. However, produ...
134 CitationsSource