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Julian Savulescu
University of Oxford
471Publications
45H-index
7,564Citations
Publications 471
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#1Keyur Doolabh (Monash University)
#2Lucius Caviola (University of Oxford)H-Index: 7
Last.Dominic Wilkinson (University of Oxford)H-Index: 24
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Background The non-identity problem arises when our actions in the present could change which people will exist in the future, for better or worse. Is it morally better to improve the lives of specific future people, as compared to changing which people exist for the better? Affecting the timing of fetuses being conceived is one case where present actions change the identity of future people. This is relevant to questions of public health policy, as exemplified in some responses to the Zika epid...
#1Hazem Zohny (University of Oxford)H-Index: 1
#2Thomas Douglas (University of Oxford)H-Index: 16
Last.Julian Savulescu (University of Oxford)H-Index: 45
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There is a burgeoning scientific and ethical literature on the use of biomarkers—such as genes or brain scan results—and biological interventions to predict and prevent crime. This literature on biopredicting and biopreventing crime focuses almost exclusively on crimes that are physical, violent, and/or sexual in nature—often called blue-collar crimes—while giving little attention to less conventional crimes such as economic and environmental offences, also known as white-collar crimes. We argue...
#1Sharyn Milnes (Barwon Health)H-Index: 5
#2Charlie Corke (Barwon Health)H-Index: 7
Last.Dominic Wilkinson (University of Oxford)H-Index: 24
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Medicine regards the prevention of death as an important priority. Yet patients may have a range of priorities of equal or greater importance. These other priorities are often not discussed or appreciated by treating doctors. Objectives We sought to identify priorities of care for patients attending an advance care planning (ACP) clinic and among the general population, and to identify factors associated with priorities other than prolonging life. Methods We used a locally developed survey tool ...
#1Julian SavulescuH-Index: 45
#2Guy Kahane (University of Oxford)H-Index: 21
Last.Christopher Gyngell (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 5
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Studies have provided rich data on global preferences for how autonomous vehicles should act in collisions. We describe a framework for incorporating such preferences in policy. Preferences should inform the design of autonomous vehicles only after being screened for bias and only to the degree to which they match major ethical theories.
#2Christopher Gyngell (Royal Children's Hospital)
Last.Julian SavulescuH-Index: 45
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Preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) allows the detection of genetic abnormalities in embryos produced through in vitro fertilization (IVF). Current funding models in Australia provide governmental subsidies for couples undergoing IVF, but do not extend to PGD. There are strong reasons for publicly funding PGD that follow from the moral principles of autonomy, beneficence and justice for both parents and children. We examine the objections to our proposal, specifically concerns regarding desi...
Controversial cases in medical ethics are, by their very nature, divisive. There are disagreements that revolve around questions of fact or of value. Ethical debate may help in resolving those disagreements. However, sometimes in such cases, there are opposing reasonable views arising from deep-seated differences in ethical values. It is unclear that agreement and consensus will ever be possible. In this paper, we discuss the recent controversial case of Vincent Lambert, a French man, diagnosed ...
Heritable genome editing (HGE) is officially here. ‘Lulu’ and ‘Nana’, born in China, are the first children whose genomes have been intentionally modified. A third gene edited baby may have already been born. Scientists in Russia are planning similar applications.1 We recently argued that HGE should be judged by the same ethical standards that we apply to other technologies.2 There is a moral imperative to improve the health of future generations, to reduce inequalities and improve standards of ...
#1Christopher Gyngell (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 5
Last.Julian SavulescuH-Index: 45
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In July 2018, the Nuffield Council of Bioethics released its long-awaited report on heritable genome editing (HGE). The Nuffield report was notable for finding that HGE could be morally permissible, even in cases of human enhancement. In this paper, we summarise the findings of the Nuffield Council report, critically examine the guiding principles they endorse and suggest ways in which the guiding principles could be strengthened. While we support the approach taken by the Nuffield Council, we a...
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